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OUTLINES FOR CONCEPTUAL UNITS

If you would like to recommend additional titles for this list, please send the title, author, and appropriate unit to smago@uga.edu. If you have a whole outline (texts and key concepts and problems) for a unit not listed here, please send it along as well, and I'll be happy to credit you. And if you have any Handy Links that I've overlooked, I'd be grateful if you'd share them with me. Thanks!

Also: Please keep in mind that this project is a work in progress. Some of the units--or perhaps all of them--are still under construction. I always appreciate your comments and suggestions on how to improve and expand them.

Important Note!!: Google's Internet Browser, Google Chrome, has some compatibility issues with the files within the Virtual Library. This is a problem with Google's pdf plug-in, and not the files in the library. Explorer and Safari should work.

This page provides outlines for conceptual units of instruction of the sort found in the Virtual Library of Conceptual Units. For each unit I provide a set of possible texts and a possible conceptual focus. Keep in mind that my intention here is to suggest possibilities rather than to prescribe a curriculum; there are many other units that you could develop, and different texts and focuses for each of the units that I outline. The lists of texts are intended to be responsive to a range of readers in terms of age, reading ability, interests, and so on, so that the unit themes could be adapted to readers of different grade levels, communities, etc. The lists include both canonical works and less familiar texts, including literature, film, and popular music. There are far more texts listed than you would ever teach in any single unit; rather, the idea is to provide an idea of what is possible for teaching a particular theme. I would always hope that any teacher using these lists would use her own knowledge and imagination to make the instruction work for her own students and circumstances.

I've also tried to make this site as versatile as possible. In addition to the links to websites related to the various themes, I've linked (when possible) each text to an online version so that you can preview the literature when considering possibilities. I've further provided links to images and news stories that fit with each unit focus. And wherever possible, I link themes to teen writing available on the web.

Online Instructor's Guide for Smagorinsky, P. (2008). Teaching English by design: How to create and carry out instructional units. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann.

RESOURCES FOR DESIGNING UNITS

ACTIVITIES THAT PROMOTE DISCUSSION

DIRECTORY OF CONCEPTUAL UNIT OUTLINES

Themes/Genres & Archetypes/Strategies/Literary Periods/Movements/Regions/Authors

THEMES
Adolescent Relationships
Alienation
The American Dream
The Banality of Evil
Bullying
Censorship
Changing Times
Coming of Age
Community
Confinement Literature
Conflict with Authority
Coping with Loss
Courageous Action
Cultural Conflict
Discrimination
The Family
Friends and Enemies
Gangs, Cliques, and Peer Pressure
Gender Roles
Generations
Id, Ego, and Superego
Identity
Immigration
Influences on Personality
Justice
The Leader
Living in the City
Loss of Innocence
Love
Loyalty
Mental Health and Mental Illness
New Kid on the Block
Optimism and Pessimism
The Outcast
Patriotism

Progress
The Psychology of British Literary Characters: From Chaucer to the Moderns
The Puritan Ethic
The Quest for Power
Regret
Responsibility
Rites of Passage
Secrecy & Deception
Self Reliance
Social Responsibility
Substance Abuse
Success
Taking Perspective
Technology, Nature, and Society
Terrorist or Freedom Fighter?
Utopias and Dystopias
Values under Stress
War and Peace

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GENRES & ARCHETYPES
Allegory
The Blues
Comedy
The Detective
The Epic Hero
The Folk Hero
Food & Feasts
Frontier Literature
Gothic Literature
Graphic Novels and Other Texts
Hard-Boiled
Heroes and Villains
Horror & Suspense
Humor
The Journey
The Mythic Hero
Mythology
Memoir
Metafiction
Mystery
Native American Literature
New Perspectives on Old Stories
Parody
The Picaresque Hero
Pinkbooks
Protest Literature
Pulp Fiction
Romance
Satire
Science Fiction
Storytelling
Street Fiction
Time Travelers
Trading Places
The Tragic Hero
Travel Writing
The Trickster
The Western
Wilderness Adventures

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STRATEGIES
Animals as Symbols
Character as Symbol
Characterizing an Author's Style
Code Switching
Connotation and Imagery
Critical Thinking
Irony
Persuasion
Point of View
Prediction
Propaganda
Reading Media
Social Media

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LITERARY PERIODS
British Aestheticism and Decadence
British Age of Sensibility (or Age of [Samuel] Johnson)
British Augustan Age (or Age of [Alexander] Pope)
British Caroline Age
British Commonwealth Period (or Puritan Interregnum)
British Edwardian Period
British Elizabethan Age
British Middle English Period
British Modern Period
British Neoclassical Period
British Old English (or Anglo-Saxon) Period
British Renaissance
British Restoration
British Romantic Period
British Victorian Period
Classic Greek Period (800-200 BCE)
Classic Homeric or Heroid Period (1200-800 BCE)
Classic Patristic Period (c. 70 CE-455 CE)
Classic Roman Period (200 BCE-455 CE)
U.S. Beat Generation
U.S. Colonial Period
U.S. Contemporary Period
U.S. Counterculture
U.S. Early National Period
U.S. Harlem Renaissance
U.S. Jazz Age
U.S. Lost Generation
U.S. Modernist Period
U.S. Revolutionary Age

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MOVEMENTS
Amatory fiction
The Augustans
Black Arts Movement
Black Mountain Poets
Bloomsbury Group
Cavalier Poets
Chicago Renaissance
Confessional poetry
Dada
Dark Romanticism
The Enlightenment
Existentialism
Imagism
The Lost Generation
Magical Realism
Metaphysical Poets
Minimalism
Modernism
Naturalism
New York School
Nihilism
Oulipo
Postcolonialism
Postmodernism
Pre-Raphaelitism
Realism
Romanticism
Southern Agrarians/New Critics
Stream of Consciousness
Surrealism
Transcendentalism

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REGIONS
A Sense of Place
British Lake Poets
Dialects
Literature, Music, Images, and Tastes of the U.S. States
Southern Fiction

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AUTHORS
Author Links
Shakespeare

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THEMES

ADOLESCENT RELATIONSHIPS

Handy Links
Adolescent Romantic Relationships by Sarah Sorensen
Affairs of the Heart Matter to Boys, Too, Sociologists Find
Adolescent Romantic Relationships as Precursors of Healthy Adult Marriages

In the Virtual Library, see the following (Important Note!!: Google's Internet Browser, Google Chrome, has some compatibility issues with the files within the Virtual Library. This is a problem with Google's pdf plug-in, and not the files in the library. Explorer and Safari should work.):
The Spectrum of Relationships (1998) by Dana Miller and Amanda Moneyhan
Relationships (1999) by Charlie Hollingshead and Sandra Wood
The Youth Perspective: A Study of Literature from Young Adults by Young Adults (2000) by Badia Askari
Making Connections (2000) by Jennifer Swann & brian williams
Peeling off our Labels: Changing Minds and Changing Lives (2002) by Melissa Leanne Givens
R-E-S-P-E-C-T: Finding Out What It Means to Me--A six-week unit on respect (2003) by Phaedra Adu, Shenika Glenn, Ruth Johnson, & Emily Moore
Life Paths and Destinations: Toward Meaningful Textual Transactions for a 12th Grade British Literature Class (2005) by Jeremy T Headrick
Negotiating Boundaries: Making it Through Adolescence Alive (2005) by Ronnie Ficco
Recognizing and Resolving Problems: Connecting Students to Their World (2006) by Helene Halstead
Rebirth (2000) by Kasey Barrett, Tara Dean, Amanda Endres, Julie Stinchcomb
Their America: A Multi-Genre Take on the State of the Union's Teens (2008) by Kevin Mink
For Better or Worse: Making the Most Out of Our Relationships (FSU) by Michelle Quintero
Act and React (FSU) by Emily Oppel
Walking Across Egypt By Clyde Edgerton: Exploring the Social Limitations of Age and Youth

Online Lesson Plans
Read-Write-Think: Media Literacy: Examining the World of Lizzie McGuire
Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute: The Search for Self: Voices of Adolescence in Literature
Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute : Discovering the Voice Within: Encouraging Students to See Themselves as Writers
Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute: Uncovering Your Students' Authentic Voice
Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute: Survivor: Not Just a TV Show -- An exploration of the character traits of survivors of the teenage years

Novels
Sapphire: Push

Poems
IN THE HEYDAYS OF HIS EYES (taut jeans dancing): An Anthology of Poetry about Being Young and Growing Up
Because it looked hotter that way Camille Dungy
​Curse # 7 Sherman Alexie

We Real Cool   Gwendolyn Brooks
Mother to Son    Langston Hughes
Saturday at The Canal    Gary Soto
Declaration Of Independence  Walcott Gibbs
December, 1919     Claude McKay
Fat Is Not a Fairy Tale     Jane Yolen
Fifteen       William Stafford
Another Poem on My Daughter's Birthday   Craig Morgan Teicher
For My Daughter David Ignatow
Gee, You're So Beautiful That It's Starting to Rain Richard Brautigan
I Want the Certainty of Love in Another Language Christie Ann Reynolds
It had been long dark, though still an hour before supper-time Charles Reznikoff
​Like Any Good American Brynn Saito
Hate Poem    Julie Sheehan
The Lanyard Billy Collins
Portrait of a Girl With Comic Book  Phyllis McGinley
Teenagers Pat Mora
Growth Ernest Dowson
Sentimental Moment Or Why Did The Baguette Cross the Road (Hershon)
For Julia, in Deep Water (Morris)
The Pomegranate (Boland)
You're (Plath)
This Happened (Williams)
The Sacred (Dunn)
Ground Swell (Jarman)
Deer Hit (Loomis)
Sticks (Ellis)
Adolescence (Andrews)
Bike Ride With Older Boys (Kasischke)
To a Daughter Leaving Home (Pastan)
My Papa's Waltz (Roethke)

Songs
Shakur, Tupac: Brenda's Gotta Baby
Images of Adolescent Relationships

Television
My So-Called Life
Friday Night Lights

Key Concepts and Problems: What sorts of relationships do young adults develop? With whom do they develop them? To what is it extent to characterize a relationship as "healthy" or "unhealthy"? What factors contribute to good relationships? What can undermine a relationship? How can young adults consider the quality of their relationships through reading and producing texts?

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ALIENATION

In the Virtual Library, see the following (Important Note!!: Google's Internet Browser, Google Chrome, has some compatibility issues with the files within the Virtual Library. This is a problem with Google's pdf plug-in, and not the files in the library. Explorer and Safari should work.):
Speaking Up: Alienation and Social Responsibility (2009) by Katie Crowell
On the Outside Looking In (2012) by Kate Reynolds
Social Alienation and Nonconformity: The Risks and Rewards of Journeying Beyond the Pale (2012) by Helen Rhinehart

Films
Taxi Driver

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THE AMERICAN DREAM

Handy Links
What So Proudly We Hail: Making American Citizens through Literature
Wikipedia entry on the American Dream
The American Dream and Experience in Literature
American Dream Bibliography
Quest for the American Dream in A Raisin in the Sun
The American Dream- Annotated Bibliography: What is the “American Dream” and how has it changed? Compiled and annotated by Sara Lachman

In the Virtual Library, see the following (Important Note!!: Google's Internet Browser, Google Chrome, has some compatibility issues with the files within the Virtual Library. This is a problem with Google's pdf plug-in, and not the files in the library. Explorer and Safari should work.):
Working Within/Against Our Limitations as Americans (1998) by Tiffany Lee and Kathryn Johnson
The American Social Drama (1999) by Jobie Johnson
Exploring Struggle in American Plays (2000) by Heather V. Rachmuth & William J. Shuler, Jr.
The American Dream: Fact or Fiction? (2001) by Jennifer Howell
The American Dream (2001) by Jay Blanton, Heather Wicker and Brad Williams
Beyond Tacos and Pinatas: A Unit On Hispanic Literature (2001) by Beth Wright, Stephanie Rosenberg, Kelly Hellman, Angie Furney
Passing to the American Dream (2002) by Jennifer Bogdanich and Erin Butler
Ideal Destruction: Constructing Realistic American Dreams (2002) by Rebecca Moon
Bridging the Harlem Renaissance to the Hip Hop Movement (2003) by Kristy Mulkey & Kasha Wharton
The American Dream and The American Reality of the Jazz Age (2004) by Melissa Page
East Asian American Literature: A Unit of Study and Lesson Plan (2004) by Ian Altman & Nick Tang
Outsider American Literature (2005) by Casey Nissenbaum & Annie Tremoulis
Working Against Mainstream Culture: The Voices of Two Female African American Authors from The Harlem Renaissance to the Present (2005) by Sarah Segrest
Contemporary African American Literature (2005) by Kristal Stripling
Modernism Unit: Fitzgerald, Hemingway, and Eliot (2009) by Anne Krache
I Hear My Classroom Singing: Whitman, Dickinson, Hip-Hop, and America (2009) by Tyler Braddy
Modernism Unit: Fitzgerald, Hemingway, and Eliot (2009) by Anne Krache
United We Stand: Celebrating Diversity in America (FSU) by Jessica Egan
Re-Reading History: Remembering Voices That Have Been Forgotten (2011) by Kate Towery
Writing the American Dream (FSU 2011) by Tamara Francis
Embracing Differences in America (FSU 2011) by Lenet Rivas
The Great Gatsby: Finding the Past in the Present (2013) by Tiffany Chu

Online Lesson Plans
Read-Write-Think: Varying Views of America
Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute: American Voices: The Varied Carols We Sing
Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute: Hearing Latino Voices in American Literature as a Way for Students to Understand Their Own Hispanic Identity
Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute: Voces Latinas: Cultural Identity through Poetry and Lyrics
Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute: The Photographed Environment in America
Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute: Latino Cultures and Communities
Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute: Representations of American Culture, 1760-1960: Art and Literature
Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute: Race and Ethnicity in Contemporary Art and Literature
Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute: Other Voices - Latino and Chicano Literature and Identity in America
Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute: Epic, Romance and the American Dream
Learn NC: Martin Luther King, Jr.'s “I Have A Dream” speech
Learn NC: Paving the Road to the Constitution
Learn NC: "We the People"
Learn NC: "The American Dream"
Learn NC: The Declaration of Independence
Learn NC: "I Declare, I believe this document May Flower!"
Learn NC: Hamilton and Burr: Compare and contrast

Writing by Teenagers
Merlyn's Pen search engine for writing by teens about patriotism

Poetry
Hughes, Langston: I, Too, Sing America
Sandburg, Carl: Cool Tombs
Sassoon, Siegfried: The Case for the Miners
Teasdale, Sara: Barter
Whitman, Walt: I Hear America Singing, Song of Myself, Song of the Open Road
Williams, William Carlos: Pastoral

Short Story
Gordon, Roxy: Pilgrims
Owens, Louis: Soul-Catcher
Tallmountain, Mary Randle: Tender Street

Novels
Amis, Martin: Money
Bellow, Saul: The Adventures of Augie March
Burns, Olive Ann: Cold Sassy Tree
Cooper, James Fenimore: The Deerslayer
Dreiser, Theodore: Sister Carrie, An American Tragedy
Ellison, Ralph: Invisible Man, Juneteenth
Erdrich, Louise: The Beet Queen, The Bingo Palace, Love Medicine
Fitzgerald, F. Scott: The Great Gatsby
Kesey, Ken: Sometimes a Great Notion
Lewis, Sinclair: Babbitt
Mailer, Norman: An American Dream
Miller, Sue: Family Pictures
Mitchell, Margaret: Gone with the Wind
Momaday, N. Scott: House Made of Dawn
Morrison, Toni: Beloved
Proulx, E. Annie: The Shipping News
Redding, J. Saunders: Stranger and Alone
Rolvaag, O. E.: Pure Gold
Twain, Mark: The Gilded Age, The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn
Tyler, Anne: Saint Maybe
Updike, John: Rabbit Run
Wharton, Edith: Ethan Frome
Wright, Richard: Native Son

Nonfiction
Adams, James Truslow: The Epic of America
American Slave Narratives: An Online Anthology
Bradford, William: The Mayflower Compact
Faulkner, William: Nobel Prize acceptance speech
Hamilton, Alexander, Madison, James, and Jay, John: The Federalist Papers
Jefferson, Thomas: Declaration of Independence
Kennedy, John Fitzgerald: Inaugural address
King, Martin Luther: Christmas sermon on peace
The Lincoln Douglas debates
Malcolm X: Message to the Grass Roots
Moon, William Least Heat: Blue Highways
Obama, Barack: Speech on Race (a.k.a. "A More Perfect Union")
Obama, Barack: The Audacity of Hope: Thoughts on Reclaiming the American Dream
Rawick, George P. (Ed.): The American Slave: A Composite Autobiography
Thoreau, Henry David: Walden
Steinbeck, John: Travels with Charley
Whitman, Walt: Democratic Vistas

Drama
Albee, Edward: The American Dream
Miller, Arthur: The Death of a Salesman
Serling, Rod: Requiem for a Heavyweight

Autobiographies
Brown, Claude: Manchild in the Promised Land
Cofer, Judith Oritz: Silent Dancing
Dillard, Annie: An American Childhood
Franklin, Ben: Autobiography
Hellman, Lillian: An Unfinished Woman
Kingston, Maxine Hong: The Woman Warrior
Powell, Colin: My American Journey: An Autobiography

Graphic Novels/Manga
Kaiji Kawaguchi: Eagle: The Making of an Asian-American President
Grant Morrison, John Dell, Howard Porter: JLA Vol. 2: American Dreams

Films
Citizen Kane
The Godfather Trilogy
It's a Wonderful Life
Meet John Doe
Mr. Deeds Goes to Town
Mr. Smith Goes to Washington

Documentary Films
Black Males, Black Dreams

Songs
Born Again American
Trick Daddy: Thug Holiday

Spoken Word
Brave New Voices

Games
Deadlock
Dictator Game

Images of the American Dream

Key Concepts and Problems
What is the American Dream? What is American about it? To what extent is it relative to time and place? To what extent is it stable and enduring? How can the dream turn into a nightmare? How can it be an illusion? With what does the American Dream come in conflict?

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THE BANALITY OF EVIL

Handy Links:
Wikipedia entry on the Millgram experiment
The Evil of Banality by Michael Rothbard
Wikipedia entry on the Nuremberg Trials
Wikipedia entry on the My Lai massacre
Wikipedia entry on the Abu Ghraib prison scandal
Wikipedia entry on the Stanford Prison Experiment
Kosovo - The "Banality of Evil" by Gilles d'Aymery
Wikipedia entry on the Panopticon
Wikipedia entry on the Kymer Rouge
Wikipedia entry on Ethnic Cleansing
Wikipedia entry on the Pogroms
Wikipedia entry on the Irish Potato Famine

In the Virtual Library, see the following (Important Note!!: Google's Internet Browser, Google Chrome, has some compatibility issues with the files within the Virtual Library. This is a problem with Google's pdf plug-in, and not the files in the library. Explorer and Safari should work.):
Understanding the Holocaust (2010) by Mike Smith

Online Lesson Plans
Read-Write-Think: Investigating the Holocaust: A Collaborative Inquiry Project
Lord of the Flies Supplemental Reading and Online Discussion

Writing by Teenagers
Merlyn's Pen search engine for writing by teens about the Holocaust

Poetry
Heyen, William: Shoah Train (collection of poems)

Short Stories
Jackson, Shirley: The Lottery

Novels
Bradbury, Ray: Farenheit 451
Clark, Walter Van Tilburg: The Oxbow Incident
Dick, P. K.: Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep?
Giordano, Mario: Black Box
Golding, William: Lord of the Flies
Le Guin,Ursula K.: The Dispossessed
Rendell, Ruth: 13 Steps Down
Sleater, William: The House of Stairs
Strasser, Todd: The Wave
Twelve Hawks, John: The Traveler

Drama
Rose, Reginald: 12 Angry Men

Film
American Experience: The Nuremberg Trials
Judgment at Nuremberg
The Oxbow Incident
The Specialist
Das Experiment
Conspiracy
High Noon
Blade Runner

Song
Destroy: Banality of Evil
Genesis: Just a job to do
Pink Floyd: On the Turning Away
Sylvian, David: The Banality of Evil

Graphic Novels/Manga
Spiegelman, Art: Maus: A Survivor's Tale; Maus II: From Mauschwitz to the Catskills
Osamu Tezuka: Adolf

Comics
Doonesbury 8-16-08

Essays
Diguette, Rick: Keeping quiet is coward’s way out
The Speech That Shocked Birmingham the Day After the Church Bombing

Images of the Banality of Evil

News Stories on the Banality of Evil

Key Concepts and Questions: What is the banality of evil? What is the individual's role in relation to authority? What responsibility do individuals have when groups act in ways that can be considered evil? Are individuals evil when they do not contest the behavior of the groups they belong to if they think that behavior is wrong? Is there a clear answer to the degree of responsibility an individual bears for uncontested group behavior?

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BULLYING

Handy Links
Stop Bullying Now!
Prevention of Bullying in Schools, Colleges, and Universities (2013 AERA report)
Dealing with Bullying
American Academy of Child Adolescent Psychiatry: Bullying
Education.com Bullying at school and online
Medline Plus: Bullying
The Bully Project
What Literature Fosters the Examination of Bullying Behaviors?
Dismantling Bullying with a Class Magazine: Creating Connections and Community
What Can Bystanders Do to Prevent Bullying of Students Who Are Different (or Perceived as Different) from Others?

In the Virtual Library, see the following (Important Note!!: Google's Internet Browser, Google Chrome, has some compatibility issues with the files within the Virtual Library. This is a problem with Google's pdf plug-in, and not the files in the library. Explorer and Safari should work.):
Bullying: Students' Actions and Potential Consequences (FSU) by Taneshia Jones
Bullying: Awareness, Prevention, and the Media (FSU 2011) by Sidney Rutledge

Online Lesson Plans
Read-Write-Think: A High-Interest Novel Helps Struggling Readers Confront Bullying in Schools
Read-Write-Think: A Bad Case of Bullying: Using Literature Response Groups
Read-Write-Think: Get ready for Bullying Awareness Week!

Novels
Books about Bullying

TV & Film
Biggest Bullies of TV & Film

Images of Bullying

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CENSORSHIP

Handy Links
Wikipedia entry on Censorship
Censorship, the Internet, Intellectual Freedom, and Youth
American Library Association Intellectual Freedom and Censorship Q & A
Free Speech
The Censorship Pages

In the Virtual Library, see the following (Important Note!!: Google's Internet Browser, Google Chrome, has some compatibility issues with the files within the Virtual Library. This is a problem with Google's pdf plug-in, and not the files in the library. Explorer and Safari should work.):
Testing the Boundaries: A Unit on Censorship in America (2002) by Valerie Aveni, Erica Barbakow, Meg Ingram, & Bonnie Stewart
Censorship: Breach of Freedom or Exception to the Rule? (2004) by Molly Livingston
Looking at Our Past and Our Present through Our Future: Expanding and Interpreting Text (2007) by Carrie Greynolds
Don’t Touch That: Censorship and Literature in the High School Classroom (2011) by Kristin Dalton

Online Lesson Plans
Read-Write-Think: Censorship in the Classroom: Understanding Controversial Issues
Read-Write-Think: Freedom of Speech and Automatic Language: Examining the Pledge of Allegiance
Learn NC: Defining Risk: A Search for Theme in Fahrenheit 451

News Stories about Censorship
Links to news stories about Jack Thompson and his crusade against violence in video games

Images of Censorship

Key Concepts and Questions: Why are books and other texts banned? What is the difference between censorship and other forms of text banning? What does the banning of a text reveal about the people who want it banned? What does it reveal about the text itself? What can and should people do when censorship takes place? Why should we care whether a text is banned or not?

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CHANGING TIMES

Handy Links:
Tradition vs. Change: The South Valley in the 21st Century

In the Virtual Library, see the following (Important Note!!: Google's Internet Browser, Google Chrome, has some compatibility issues with the files within the Virtual Library. This is a problem with Google's pdf plug-in, and not the files in the library. Explorer and Safari should work.):
Humanity and Voice in Literature: Building Bridges among the Past, Present, and Future (2003) by Katherine Dodd, Elizabeth Garrard, & Audrey Welshhans

Poetry
Arnold, Matthew: The Buried Life, Dover Beach, Stanzas from the Grand Chartreuse
Coleridge, Samuel Taylor: AEolian Harp, Dejection: An Ode
Hardy, Thomas: The Darkling Thrush
Keats, John: Ode on a Grecian Urn, To Autumn
Masters, Edgar Lee: Spoon River Anthology
Yeats, William Butler: The Second Coming

Short Stories
Faulkner, William: Go Down, Moses
Irving, Washington: Rip Van Winkle
Anderson, Sherwood: Winesburg, Ohio

Novels
Achebe, Chinua: Things Fall Apart
Aluko, T. M.: One Man, One Wife
Faulkner, William: The Hamlet, The Town, The Mansion, The Rievers
Kesey, Ken: Sometimes a Great Notion
Lampedusa, Giuseppe di: The Leopard
Mahfouz, Naguib: Midaq Alley
Marquez, Gabriel Garcia: One Hundred Years of Solitude
Mitchell, Margaret: Gone with the Wind
Paton, Alan: Cry, the Beloved Country
Tarkington, Booth: The Magnificent Ambersons
Wharton, Edith: Age of Innocence
Wolfe, Thomas: You Can't Go Home Again

Autobiographies
Eastman, Charles Alexander: From the Deep Woods to Civilization
Mandela, Nelson: Long Walk to Freedom

Drama
Hellman, Lillian: The Little Foxes
Wilder, Thornton: Our Town
Williams, Tennessee: The Glass Menagerie, A Streetcar Named Desire

Films
The Last Picture Show
Water (Deepa Mehta, Dir.)
The Misfits
Wadjda

Song
Haggard, Merle: Are the Good Times Really Over for Good?
The Persuasions: Don't It Make You Want to Go Home
Scott-Heron, Gil: B Movie
Shakur, Tupac: Changes
Shakur, Tupac: Keep Ya Head Up
Springsteen, Bruce: Glory Days

Images for Changing Times

Key Concepts and Problems
How has society changed over time? What are the old values and conditions? What are the new values and conditions? What has caused these changes? How do the characters adapt to the changes? What is the author saying about human nature through the action in the story?

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COMING OF AGE

Handy Links:
Wikepedia entry on Coming of Age
Wikepedia entry on Bildungsroman

In the Virtual Library, see the following (Important Note!!: Google's Internet Browser, Google Chrome, has some compatibility issues with the files within the Virtual Library. This is a problem with Google's pdf plug-in, and not the files in the library. Explorer and Safari should work.):
Coming of Age (1998) by John Melton
Coming of Age (1998) by Scott Porter and Don Horacek
Transformations (2009) by Deirdre Kraushaar
Coming of Age/Loss of Innocence (2010) by Stephanie Gray
Coming of Age and Constructing Identity, with Jacqueline Woodson: (2010) by Sarah Douglas
The Sky is Falling (2011) by Kaitlin Bevis
Coming of Age in The Perks of being a Wallflower by Stephen Chbosky (2013) by Carly Stephans

Online Lesson Plans
Read-Write-Think: Gaining Background for the Graphic Novel Persepolis: A WebQuest on Iran
Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute: Coming of Age in Ethnic America

Writing by Teenagers
Merlyn's Pen search engine for writing by teens about coming of age

Poem
Cofer, Judith Ortiz: Crossings

Short Stories
Anderson, Sherwood: I'm a Fool
Chukovski, Nicolai: The Bridge
Hurst, James: The Scarlet Ibis
Lessing, Doris: Through the Tunnel, A Sunrise on the Veld
McCullers, Carson: Like That
Munro, Alice: Red Dress
Updike, John: A & P
Walker, Alice: Everyday Use
Wright, Richard: The Man Who Was Almost a Man

Novels
Alcott, Louisa May: Little Women
Arguedas, Jose Maria: Deep Rivers
Baldwin, James: Go Tell It on the Mountain
Bennett, Kay: Kaibah
Conway, Jill Ker: Road from Coorain
Courteney, Bryce: The Power of One
Dorris, Michael: Guests
Grass, Gunter: The Tin Drum
Guest, Judith: Ordinary People
J-Love: That White Girl
Kincaid, Jamaica: At the Bottom of the River
Kingsolver, Barbara: Bean Trees
Knowles, John: A Separate Peace
Laye, Camara: The Dark Child
Le Guin, Ursula: Very Far Away from Anywhere Else
McCullers, Carson: The Heart is a Lonely Hunter
Milosz, Czeslaw: The Issa Valley
Parks, Gordon: The Learning Tree
Paterson, Katherine: Jacob Have I Loved
Rolvaag, O. E.: The Third Life of Per Smevik
Sister Soulja: Coldest Winter Ever
Twain, Mark: Tom Sawyer

Autobiographies
Beauvoir, Simone de: Memoirs of a Dutiful Daughter
Dillard, Annie: An American Childhood
Mitchell, Emerson Blackhorse: Miracle Hill: The Story of a Navajo Boy
Singer, Isaac Bashevis: A Day of Pleasure: Stories of a Boy Growing Up in Warsaw

Films
Wikipedia Coming of Age Film list

Graphic Novels/Manga
Satrapi, Marjane: Persepolis

Webcomics
Wikipedia Webcomics links

Images of Coming of Age

Key Concepts and Problems
What is the definition of maturity? What examples of immature behavior do the protagonists exhibit before their coming of age experiences? What examples of mature behavior do they exhibit after their coming of age experiences? What is the key incident that causes the protagonist to change? What particular characteristics does this incident have that affect the protagonist so profoundly? What are the similarities among the experiences of the characters in the various stories? How truly do these experiences reflect those of real people? In what ways does the reader have empathy for the protagonist? How does this empathy affect the reader's comprehension?

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COMMUNITY

In the Virtual Library, see the following (Important Note!!: Google's Internet Browser, Google Chrome, has some compatibility issues with the files within the Virtual Library. This is a problem with Google's pdf plug-in, and not the files in the library. Explorer and Safari should work.):
Community (2013) by Cortney Seaborne

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CONFINEMENT LITERATURE

Handy Links:
Marc Lamont Hill: A World without Prisons: Teaching Confinement Literature and the Promise of Prison Abolition

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CONFLICT WITH AUTHORITY

Handy Links:
Rage Against the Machine: Media and Youth,Cultures of Violence

In the Virtual Library, see the following (Important Note!!: Google's Internet Browser, Google Chrome, has some compatibility issues with the files within the Virtual Library. This is a problem with Google's pdf plug-in, and not the files in the library. Explorer and Safari should work.):
Should I Make a Stand? Adolescent Conflict with Authority (2007) by Amanda Tyndall
Adolescent Struggle With Authority While Searching For Identity (FSU) By Carlin Huenke

Writing by Teenagers
Merlyn's Pen search engine for writing by teens about conflict

The Bible
The Golden Calf (Exodus 32, 33:1 6)

Poetry
Alexie, Sherman: The Lone Ranger and Tonto Fistfight in Heaven

Short Stories
Baldwin, James: The Man Child
Cather, Willa: The Sentimentality of William Tavener
Deal, Bordon: Antaeus
du Maurier, Daphne: The Old Man
Lavin, Mary: The Story of the Widow's Son
Ortiz, Simon J.: Woman Singing
Vonnegut, Kurt, Jr.: Harrison Bergeron
Wright, Richard: The Man Who Was Almost a Man

Novels
Alcott, Louisa May: Little Women
Golding, William: Lord of the Flies
Louis, Adrian C.: Skins
Mathews, John Joseph: Sundown
McNickle, D'Arcy: The Surrounded
Orwell, George: Animal Farm
Potok, Chaim: The Chosen
Steinbeck, John: The Red Pony

Autobiography
Fisher, Antwone Quenton: Finding Fish

Drama
Chayefsky, Paddy: The Mother
Shakespeare, William: Romeo and Juliet

Images of Conflict with Authority

Key Concepts and Problems
Who is the authority figure? What characteristics does this figure have? From what sources does the authority derive his or her power? What are the characteristics of the protagonist? What causes them to clash? What is the outcome of the clash? How is the clash resolved? What does the protagonist learn through the clash?

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COPING WITH LOSS

Handy Links:
Coping with Death
Death: An Inquiry into Man's Mortal Weakness
Young adult reactions to death in literature and in life
The WiSSP Resource Library: Coping with Loss in Literature
Literature and the Healing Arts

In the Virtual Library, see the following (Important Note!!: Google's Internet Browser, Google Chrome, has some compatibility issues with the files within the Virtual Library. This is a problem with Google's pdf plug-in, and not the files in the library. Explorer and Safari should work.):
Journeys of Grief: the Quest of War, Inward and Out (2007) by Naomi White
“Breaking Up is Hard to Do”: A Conceptual Unit on Dealing with Loss for 10th grade (FSU) by Anna Martinez

Writing by Teenagers
Merlyn's Pen search engine for writing by teens about death
Merlyn's Pen search engine for writing by teens about funerals
Merlyn's Pen search engine for writing by teens about loss
Teenlit writing by teens about 9-11
Wordsmiths: An Anthology of Writing by Teens on the Web: Volume No. 44, Remember September 11, Special Edition

Prayers
Last Rites
Mourner's Kaddish

Poetry
Brooke, Rupert: The Dead
Browning, Robert: My Last Duchess
Burns, Robert: Auld Lang Syne
Dickinson, Emily: Because I could not stop for Death; I heard a Fly buzz when I died
Frost, Robert: Out, Out; After Apple Picking; Fire and Ice
Gray, Thomas: Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard
Hopkins, Gerard Manley: Spring and Fall to a Young Child
Housman, A. E.: To an Athlete Dying Young
Keats, John: Ode to a Nightingale, La Belle Dame Sans Merci
Poe, Edgar Allan: The Raven, Annabel Lee
Stevens, Wallace: Domination of Black
Tennyson, Alfred: In Memoriam
Thomas, Dylan: Do Not Go Gentle into That Good Night
Whitman, Walt: When Lilacs Last in the Dooryard Bloomed

Short Stories
Borges, Jorge Luis: The Circular Ruins
Chekhov, Anton: Enemies
Faulkner, William: A Rose for Emily
Harjo, Joy: The Woman Who Fell from the Sky
Hemingway, Ernest: Hills Like White Elephants
Joyce, James: The Dead, A Painful Case
Kafka, Franz: The Judgment
Marquez, Gabriel Garcia: Tuesday Siesta
Porter, Katherine Anne: The Grave
Steinbeck, John: Flight

Novels
Agee, Philip: A Death in the Family
Devoto, Pat Cunningham: My Last Days as Roy Rogers
Guest, Judith: Ordinary People
Tolstoy, Leo: The Death of Ivan Ilych

Nonfiction
Baldwin, James: Notes of a Native Son

Drama
Arrabal, Fernando: Picnic on the Battlefield
Galsworthy, John: The Apple Tree
Miller, Arthur: A View from the Bridge

Song
Bugguss, Suzy: Letting Go, In Heaven
Clapton, Eric: Tears in Heaven
Johnny Clegg & Savuka: Osiyeza (The Crossing)
McEntire, Reba: The Greatest Man I Never Knew
Shakur, Tupac: I Ain't Mad Atcha
Shenendoah, Joanne: Dance of the North
Wolf, Kate: Medicine Wheel

Images of Coping with Loss

Key Concepts and Problems
What is lost? What do the characters lose through the loss? What do they gain? How do the characters cope with grief? How does their coping affect them? How do they change? How are the grievers treated by others? How does this treatment affect them? What is the author saying about the human ability to cope with great loss?

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COURAGEOUS ACTION

In the Virtual Library, see the following (Important Note!!: Google's Internet Browser, Google Chrome, has some compatibility issues with the files within the Virtual Library. This is a problem with Google's pdf plug-in, and not the files in the library. Explorer and Safari should work.):
Complicating Courage: From Warriors Don’t Cry to “The Most Dangerous Game,” What Does it Mean to be a Warrior? (2008) by William Peek
Courageous Action (2009) by Nina Williams
Elie Wiesel's Night: Out of the Darkness: A Study of Literature from the Darkest Moments in Human History and Mankind's Effort to Emerge into the Light
Moral Courage and Endurance: A Necessity for Change (2012) by Brooke Gendron

Online Lesson Plans
Read-Write-Think: Boys Read: Considering Courage in Novels
Read-Write-Think: Examining Island of the Blue Dolphins through a Literary Lens
National Geographic: John Brown and the Underground Railroad

Writing by Teenagers
Merlyn's Pen search engine for writing by teens about courage
Merlyn's Pen search engine for writing by teens about heroism
Teen Ink writing by teens about heroes

Mythology
Hercules

Poetry
Kipling, Rudyard: Gunga Din

Short Stories
Agee, James: A Mother's Tale
Buck, Pearl: Guerilla Mother
Connell, Richard: The Most Dangerous Game
Freeman, Mary E. Wilkins: The Revolt of Mother
Hemingway, Ernest: A Day's Wait
London, Jack: To Build a Fire
Poe, Edgar Allan: The Cask of Amontillado
Vasconcelos, Jose The Boar Hunt

Novels
Carter, Forrest: The Vengeance Trail of Josey Wales
Cather, Willa: Death Comes to the Archbishop
Crane, Stephen: The Red Badge of Courage
Ellison, Ralph: Invisible Man
Hemingway, Ernest: The Old Man and the Sea
Markandaya, Kamala: Nectar in a Sieve
Trumbo, Dalton: Johnny Got His Gun
Welty, Eudora: The Robber Bridegroom

Autobiographies
Angelou, Maya: I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings
Giovanni, Nikki: Gemeni
Yevtushenko, Yevgeny: A Precocious Autobiography

Drama
Buck, Pearl: The Rock
Fletcher, Lucille: Sorry, Wrong Number

Nonfiction
Wiesel, Elie: Night

Films
The Lost Weekend
The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance
The Wooden Camera
3:10 to Yuma

Graphic Novels/Manga
Miller, Frank: 300

Video Games
The Halo Franchise
Zelda Franchise

Games
Chicken

Images of Courageous Action

Key Concepts and Problems
What is the definition of courage? What key incident tests the protagonist's courage? How does the character respond to this challenge? Is the character's action courageous? Why or why not? What values in conflict bring about situations calling for courage? Would a courageous action in one situation necessarily be regarded as courageous in the context of another? Why or why not?

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CULTURAL CONFLICT

Handy Links:
Conflicts and Challenges of Jewish Culture

In the Virtual Library, see the following (Important Note!!: Google's Internet Browser, Google Chrome, has some compatibility issues with the files within the Virtual Library. This is a problem with Google's pdf plug-in, and not the files in the library. Explorer and Safari should work.):
Alternate Narratives: The Revision of Cultural Representation in Achebe's Things Fall Apart (2008) by Brian Patrick
Am I a “Weapon of Massive Consumption”? : Learning to Fire the Canon (2010) by Kelly Galloway
Traveling in the World's Footsteps (FSU) by Katie Rybakova
Re-Reading History: Remembering Voices That Have Been Forgotten (2011) by Kate Towery

Online Lesson Plans
Read-Write-Think: Exploring Language and Identity: Amy Tan's “Mother Tongue” and Beyond

Writing by Teenagers
Merlyn's Pen search engine for writing by teens about culture/traditions
Teen Ink writing by teens about cultural experiences

Poetry
Chrystos: Not Vanishing
Hardy, Thomas: The Man He Killed
Owen, Wilfred: Anthem for Doomed Youth, Strange Meeting
Peters, Lenrie: Parachute
Rubadiri, David: Stanley Meets Mutesa

Short Stories
Achebe, Chinua: A Man of the People
Buck, Pearl: The Frill
Isherwood, Christopher: The Berlin Stories
Kipling, Rudyard: The Man Who Would Be King
Nicol, Abioseh: The Devil at Yolahun Bridge
Popkes, Opal Lee: Zuma Chowt's Cave
Tapahonso, Luci: The Snakeman
Warrior, Emma Lee: Compatriots

Novels
Alexie, Sherman: Reservation Blues, Indian Killer
Beti, Mongo: Mission to Kala
Conrad, Joseph: Heart of Darkness
da Cunha, Euclides: Rebellion in the Backlands
Ekwensi, Cyprian: People of the City
Forster, E. M.: A Passage to India
Gaup, Ailou: In Search of the Drum
Gordimer, Nadine: Livingstone's Companions
Greene, Graham: The Human Factor
James, Henry: The American
Lawrence, D. H.: The Plumed Serpent
Louis, Adrian C.: Skins
Mourning Dove: Cogewea: The Half-Blood
Munonye, John: The Only Son
Orwell, George: Burmese Days
Power, Susan: The Grass Dancer
Qoyawayma, Polingaysi: No Turning Back
Scott, Paul: The Jewel in the Crown, The Day of the Scorpion, The Towers of Silence, A Division of the Spoils
Silko, Leslie Marmon: Ceremony
Tan, Amy: Joy Luck Club
Thiongo, Ngugi wa: The River Between

Nonfiction (Essays)
Cheng, Nien: Life and Death in Shanghai
Orwell, George: Shooting an Elephant
Twain, Mark: Innocents Abroad; or, The New Pilgrim's Progress

Autobiographies
Danticat, Edwidge: Brother, I'm Dying
Fire Lame Deer, Archie: Gift of Power: The Life and Teachings of a Lakota Medicine Man
Rogers, John: Red World and White

Song
Johnny Clegg & Savuka: Third World Child
Johnny Clegg: Orphans of the Empire
Yothu Yindi: Treaty, Djäpana, Stop That, many others

Spoken Word
Beatty, Daniel: Duality Duel
Curry, Julian: Niggers Niggas & Niggaz
Hidary, Vanessa: "The Hebrew Mamita"

Film
The Class
A Great Wall
Dances with Wolves
Once Upon a Time in China
Once Upon a Time in China II
Once Upon a Time in China III
Up the Yangtze
Who am I?
The Wooden Camera

Graphic Novels/Manga
Henry (Yoshitaka) Kiyama: The Four Immigrants Manga: A Japanese Experience in San Francisco, 1904-1924

Video Games
Grand Theft Auto Franchise

Images of Cultural Conflict

Key Concepts and Problems
In what ways are the cultures different? Is one culture more powerful than the other? If so, in what way? In the author's view, is one culture superior to the other? If so, in what ways? Do you agree with the author's judgment? What is the outcome of the clash? Is the outcome "fair"? Why or why not? How do characters change as a result of their experience with another culture?

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DISCRIMINATION

Handy Links:
The Invisible People: American Art and Literature Represents the Marginalized and Disenfranchised
Teaching the Concept of Equality Through Literature
The United States of America’s Long Journey: The Concept of Equality in America from 1619-1863

In the Virtual Library, see the following (Important Note!!: Google's Internet Browser, Google Chrome, has some compatibility issues with the files within the Virtual Library. This is a problem with Google's pdf plug-in, and not the files in the library. Explorer and Safari should work.):
Social Stratification and Discrimination (1999) by Jeff Deroshia
Will the real Mockingbird please stand up? (2009) by Julie E. Duke
To Kill a Mockingbird (FSU) by Jessica Trehy
Creating False Identities: Breaking Down the Myths of Childhood by Amy Lou Brouner, Elizabeth Madani, & Nishi Patel, Georgia State University
Is That a Boy or a Girl? Exploring Gender Identity as a Facet of Civil Rights (2013) by Stefanie Molinaro

Online Lesson Plans:
Read-Write-Think: Comic Makeovers: Examining Race, Class, Ethnicity, and Gender in the Media
Read-Write-Think: Child Labor: Giving Voice to Child Laborers Through Monologues
Read-Write-Think: Promoting Diversity in the Classroom and School Library through Social Action
Read-Write-Think: Seeing Integration from Different Viewpoints
Read-Write-Think: Using Picture Books to Explore Identity, Stereotyping, and Discrimination
Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute: Gordon Parks' Photography: Breaking Down Racial Barriers with Real Life Stories
Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute: African American History: A Photographic Record
Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute: The Blues Impulse in Drama: Lessons on Racial Pain
Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute: Racism and Nativism in American Political Culture
Learn NC: Respecting differences
Learn NC: Differences Across the Curriculum: Part 1
Learn NC: Differences Across the Curriculum: Part 2
Learn NC: Jim Crow and segregation

Writing by Teenagers
Merlyn's Pen search engine for writing by teens about the elderly
Merlyn's Pen search engine for writing by teens about handicaps
Merlyn's Pen search engine for writing by teens about poverty
Merlyn's Pen search engine for writing by teens about prejudice
Merlyn's Pen search engine for writing by teens about racism
Merlyn's Pen search engine for writing by teens about slavery
Merlyn's Pen search engine for writing by teens about stereotypes

Poems
Maya Angelou: On the Pulse of Morning
Langston Hughes: Mother to Son
J. G. Saxe: The Six Blind Men
Juanita Bell: Indian Children Speak
Soyinka, Wole: Telephone Conversation
Peter Blue Cloud: The Old Man's Lazy
Len Margaret: Night School
Elizabeth Brewster: Jamie
Alden Nowlan: He Sits Down on the Floor of a School for the Retarded

Short Stories
Maria Campbell: Play with Me
Kurt Vonnegut: Harrison Bergeron
Shirley Jackson: After You, My Dear Alphonse
José Antonio Burciaga: Romantic Nightmare
Ray Bradbury: All Summer in a Day
Abrahams, Peter: Tell Freedom
Hutchinson, Alfred: Road to Ghana
Johnson, Dorothy M.: A Man Called Horse
Le Guma, Alex: Where Are You Walking Around, Man?
Luthuli, Albert: The Dignity of Man
Muro, Amado: Cecilia Rosa
Thomas, Piri: Puerto Rican Paradise
Walker, Alice: Everyday Use

Novels
Alexie, Sherman: Reservation Blues, Indian Killer
Ekhart, Alan: A Sorrow in Our Hearts
Gaines, Ernest: A Lesson Before Dying
Goines, Donald: White Man's Justice, Black Man's Grief
Greene, Bette: The Drowning of Stephan Jones
Griterson, David: Snow Falling on Cedars
Hinton, S. E.: The Outsiders
Hurston, Nora Zeal: Their Eyes Were Watching God
Lee, Harper: To Kill a Mockingbird
Louis, Adrian C.: Skins
Markandaya, Kamala: Nectar in a Sieve
Morrison, Toni: Beloved, The Bluest Eye
Mourning Dove: Cogewea: The Half-Blood
Silko, Leslie Marmon: Ceremony
Walker, Alice: The Color Purple
Walker, Margaret: Jubilee
Weisel, Elie: Night
Wright, Richard: Native Son

Nonfiction (Essays)
Baldwin, James: The Discovery of What It Means to Be an American
Hughes, Langston: Fooling Our White Folks
King, Martin Luther, Jr.: Letter from a Birmingham Jail
Longauex y Vasquez, Enriqueta: The Mexican American Woman
Redding, Saunders: American Negro Literature

Nonfiction (Books)
Debo, Angie: And Still the Waters Run
Greene, Melissa Fay: Praying for Sheetrock
Terkel, Studs: Division Street: America
Weatherford, Jack: Native Roots, Indian Givers

Autobiography
Angelou, Maya: I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings
Frank, Anne: Diary of a Young Girl
Wright, Richard: Black Boy

Drama
Hansberry, Lorraine: A Raisin in the Sun
Shakespeare, William: Othello
Shaw, George Bernard: Pygmalion
Wilson, August: Ma Rainey's Black Bottom

Films
Clearcut
Crash
Dance Me Outside
Do the Right Thing
Guess Who's Coming to Dinner?
In the Heat of the Night
The Long Walk Home
Once Were Warriors
Shindler's List
Smoke Signals
Swing Kids
A Soldier's Story
X-Men

Song
Harry Belafonte: Kwela (Listen to the Man)
Johnny Clegg: One (Hu)man, One Vote, Inevitable Consequence of Progress, Asimbonanga
Billie Holiday: Strange Fruit
Bob Marley & the Wailers: War
Dave Matthews Band: Cry Freedom
The Weavers (and many others): Sixteen Tons
Vanessa Williams: Colors of the Wind

Spoken Word
Adichie, Chimamanda Ngozi: The Danger of a Single Story [TED Talk]

Documentary Films
Eyes on the Prize series
How We Got Over
Martin Luther King, Jr.: From Memphis to Montgomery

Video Games
Final Fantasy 7

Images of Discrimination

Key Concepts and Problems
Why is the character being discriminated against? In what ways is the character different from the group that's discriminating? Does the character want to be accepted? Why or why not? What forms of discrimination is the character subject to? How is the character affected by discrimination? How is the conflict resolved? What in the environment leads to discrimination? What makes discrimination more likely in one environment than in another?

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THE FAMILY

Handy Links:
The Traditions, Culture and Family of New Mexico
ParentBest
Wikipedia entry on Family Life in Literature

In the Virtual Library, see the following (Important Note!!: Google's Internet Browser, Google Chrome, has some compatibility issues with the files within the Virtual Library. This is a problem with Google's pdf plug-in, and not the files in the library. Explorer and Safari should work.):
Family (2002) by Emily Davis
The Dynamics of Family (2002) by Kimberly A. Evans
The Changing American Family (2004) by Erin Bailey
Relationships: Authority, Family and Peer (2000) by Patrice Loggins, Rustina Thomas, and Brooke Taggart

Online Lesson Plans
Read-Write-Think: The Year I Was Born: An Autobiographical Research Project
Read-Write-Think: Exploring and Sharing Family Stories
Read-Write-Think: Investigating Names to Explore Personal History and Cultural Traditions
Read-Write-Think: My Life/Your Life: A Look at Your Parents’ Past
Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute: Family Finding: Exploring Multicultural Families Using Film
Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute: American Family Portraits (Section I)
Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute: American Family Portraits (Section II)
Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute: Family Ties in Latin American Fiction
Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute: Images of the American Family
Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute: The Family in Literature
Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute: The Changing American Family: Historical and Comparative Perspectives
Learn NC: Grandparent Interview
Learn NC: Family Story with Research
National Endowment for the Humanities: Families in Bondage

Writing by Teenagers
Merlyn's Pen search engine for writing by teens about brothers
Merlyn's Pen search engine for writing by teens about divorce
Merlyn's Pen search engine for writing by teens about the elderly
Merlyn's Pen search engine for writing by teens about the family
Merlyn's Pen search engine for writing by teens about fathers
Merlyn's Pen search engine for writing by teens about home
Merlyn's Pen search engine for writing by teens about marriage
Merlyn's Pen search engine for writing by teens about parents
Merlyn's Pen search engine for writing by teens about pets
Merlyn's Pen search engine for writing by teens about siblings
Merlyn's Pen search engine for writing by teens about sisters
Teen Voices Online: Guatemalan Girls Raise Their “Voces de Cambio”: Mothers

Poetry
Bode, Carl: The Bad Children
Brooks, Gwendolyn: The Children of the Poor
Carver, Raymond: Photograph of My Father in His Twenty Second Year
Dickey, James: The Bee
Hayden, Robert: Those Winter Sundays
Roethke, Theodore: My Papa's Waltz
Plath, Sylvia: Daddy, The Disquieting Muses
Sentimental Moment Or Why Did The Baguette Cross the Road (Hershon)
For Julia, in Deep Water (Morris)
The Pomegranate (Boland)
You're (Plath)
This Happened (Williams)
The Sacred (Dunn)
Ground Swell (Jarman)
Deer Hit (Loomis)
Sticks (Ellis)
Adolescence (Andrews)
Bike Ride With Older Boys (Kasischke)
To a Daughter Leaving Home (Pastan)

Short Stories
Bambara, Toni Cade: Raymond's Run
Boles, Paul Darcy: The Night Watch
Chekhov, Anton: Enemies
Freeman, Mary E. Wilkins: The Revolt of Mother
Gray, Nicholas Stuart: The Star Beast
Hesse, Hermann: A Man by the Name of Ziegler
Jackson, Charles: A Night Visitor
Kelley, William Melvin: Brother Carlyle
Morrison, Toni: Recitatif
Steinbeck, John: Flight
Stuart, Jesse: Love
Williams, William Carlos: The Use of Force

Novels
Allende, Isabel: House of the Spirits
Bell, Betty Louise: Faces in the Moon
Blue, Rose: Goodbye, Forever Tree
Burns, Olive Ann: Cold Sassy Tree
Cross, Gillian: On the Edge
Dorris, Michael: Morning Girl
Irwin, Hadley: What About Grandma?
Lamott, Anne: Rosie, Crooked Little Heart
Maloney, Ray: The Impact Zone
Mazer, Norma Fox: Three Sisters
Smiley, Jane: A Thousand Acres
Stowe, Harriet Beecher: Uncle Tom's Cabin
Tan, Amy: The Joy Luck Club

Autobiographies
Allende, Isabel: Paula
Angelou, Maya: Singin' and Swingin' and Gettin' Merry Like Christmas, Gather Together in My Name
May, Lee: In My Father's Garden
McBride, James: The Color of Water: A Black Man's Tribute to his White Mother
McCourt, Frank: Angela's Ashes
Obama, Barack: Dreams from My Father: A Story of Race and Inheritance
Schlissel, Lillian (ed.): Women's Diaries of the Westward Journey

Nonfiction
Griffin, Garah Jasmine (Ed.): Beloved Sisters and Loving Friends

Drama
Hansbury, Lorraine: A Raisin in the Sun
Shepard, Sam: Paris, Texas

Film
A Great Wall
A River Runs Through It
Soul Food
Azur and Asmar: The Princes' Quest
To Sleep with Anger
Juno
Barking Water
What Maisie Knew

Television
My So-Called Life
Friday Night Lights

Documentary Film
Trouble the Water

Song
Clegg, Johnny (& Savuka): Cruel, Crazy, Beautiful World
Jackson, Alan: Please Daddy don't get drunk this Christmas
McEntire, Reba: The Greatest Man I Never Knew
Shakur, Tupac: Dear Momma

Spoken Word
Fred Wesley and the new J.B.'s: Breakin' Bread
Bill Cosby: Chicken Heart, To Russell my Brother whom I slept with, Sneakers, Street Football, The Water Bottle, Christmas, The Giant, My Wife and Kids, Bill's Marriage, Ennis' Toilet, Two Daughters, Two Brothers, Wives, My Father, My Brother Russell, Mothers and Fathers, the Grandfather

Images of the Family

Key Concepts and Problems
What is the definition of a family? What do family members share? What types of conflicts occur within families? How are they resolved? What goals do families have? How do family needs affect the behavior of the characters in the story? What outside influences affect the family? Are these influences good, or bad? Why?

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FRIENDS AND ENEMIES

Handy Links:
Friendship Selections
Yahoo Links to Friendship Poetry

In the Virtual Library, see the following (Important Note!!: Google's Internet Browser, Google Chrome, has some compatibility issues with the files within the Virtual Library. This is a problem with Google's pdf plug-in, and not the files in the library. Explorer and Safari should work.):
Friendship (1998) by Scott Morgan and Marla Sciara
Friendship: Understanding and Cultivating It “I think this is the beginning of a beautiful friendship” (FSU) by Amy Bradick

Writing by Teenagers
Merlyn's Pen search engine for writing by teens about friendship
Merlyn's Pen search engine for writing by teens about hatred

Short Stories
Fante, John: The Odyssey of a Wop
Galsworthy, John: The Apple Tree
Oliver, Diane: Neighbors

Drama
Maugham, Somerset: The Letter

Novels
Auel, Jean: The Clan of the Cave Bear
Bradbury, Ray: Fahrenheit 451
Bridgers, Sue Ellen: Home Before Dark
Cary, Joyce: The Horse's Mouth
Cervantes, Miguel de: Don Quixote
Dumas, Alexandre: The Three Musketeers
Forster, E. M.: A Passage to India
Greene, Bette: Summer of my German Soldier, Morning is a Long Time Coming
Greene, Graham: Brighton Rock
Guy, Rosa: The Friends
Hesse, Hermann: Demian, Narcissus and Goldmund, Siddhartha
Hunt, Irene: Across Five Aprils
Kazantzakis, Nikos: Zorba the Greek
Kerr, M. E.: I'll Love You When You're More Like Me
Knowles, John: A Separate Peace
Lawrence, D. H.: Women in Love
Le Guin, Ursula: Very Far Away from Anywhere Else
Mahy, Margaret: Catalogue of the Universe
Myers, Walter Dean: Hoops
Oates, Joyce Carol: Solstice
Paterson, Katherine: Jacob Have I Loved, The Bridge to Terabithia
Puig, Manuel: The Kiss of the Spider Woman
Steinbeck, John: Of Mice and Men
Strasser, Todd: Friends Till the End
Zalben, Jane Breskin: Here's Looking at You, Kid

Drama
Serling, Rod: In the Presence of Mine Enemies

Film
Ma Vie en Rose (My Life in Pink)
Twilight of the Golds

Role Playing Games
Darling Grove: A Game of Suburban Drama and Friendship

Video Games
Favorite Video Game Enemies?
The 10 Most Terrifying Video Game Enemies

Images of Friends and Enemies

Key Concepts and Problems
What draws friends together? What causes people to be enemies? How do the characters try to settle their differences? How are the conflicts resolved? What is the author trying to say about the nature of friendship? What is the author trying to say about the nature of conflict?

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GANGS, CLIQUES, AND PEER GROUP PRESSURE

Handy Links:
Juvenile Delinquency in the U.S.: Deconstructing the Recipe
When the Good Go Bad: Why Juveniles Become Delinquent

In the Virtual Library, see the following (Important Note!!: Google's Internet Browser, Google Chrome, has some compatibility issues with the files within the Virtual Library. This is a problem with Google's pdf plug-in, and not the files in the library. Explorer and Safari should work.):
Peer Relations, Peer Influence and Conformity (1998) by Terri Avery & Jennifer Hood
Gangs, Cliques, and Peer Pressure (2002) by Julia Bateman
Recognizing Reductionism: Identifying the Stereotypes Placed on Individuals and Groups by Society (2002) by Bethany Bishop
Analyzing Adolescent Pressures & Choices through Young Adult Literature (FSU) by Anna Harman
The Faces of Evil – A Look into Adolescent Violence (FSU) by Yahshae Mainer
Stereotypes, Labels, and Identity (FSU 2011) by Elizabeth Blackburn

Online Lesson Plans
Read-Write-Think: A High-Interest Novel Helps Struggling Readers Confront Bullying in Schools
Read-Write-Think: No More Bullying: Understanding the Problem, Building Bully-Free Environments

Writing by Teenagers
Merlyn's Pen search engine for writing by teens about conformity
Merlyn's Pen search engine for writing by teens about fitting in
Merlyn's Pen search engine for writing by teens about outsiders
Merlyn's Pen search engine for writing by teens about peer pressure
Merlyn's Pen search engine for writing by teens about popularity
Teen Ink writing by teens about fitting in and being different

Short Stories
Andreyev, Leonid: Nippie
Cozzens, James Gould: The Animals' Fair
Hwang, S. T.: The Donkey Cart
Langdon, John: The Blue Serge Suit
Stafford, Jean: Bad Characters
Taylor, Elizabeth: Nice and Birds and Boy
Vaca, Nicolas C.: The Purchase
West, Jessamyn: Live Life Deeply

Novels
Hinton, S. E.: Rumble Fish, The Outsiders
Morrison, Toni: The Bluest Eye
Peterson, P. J.: Corky and the Brothers Cool

Drama
Rose, Reginald: Dino
Shakespeare, William: Romeo and Juliet

Films
The Breakfast Club
Colors
Pretty in Pink
Sixteen Candles
West Side Story
The Warriors

Video Games
Grand Theft Auto Franchise
The Warriors
Saints Row Franchise

Images of Gangs, Cliques, and Peer Pressure

Key Concepts and Problems
What are the values of the group applying pressure? Why have they adopted these values? Why do they try to impose them? In what ways is the protagonist different from the group? How does the protagonist respond to the pressure? How does the protagonist change during the story? What are differences among gang, clique, and peer group? Why do kids join? Why do such groups form?

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GENDER ROLES

Handy Links:
GenderTalk Radio by Topic
Gender Issues in the Language Arts Classroom. ERIC Digest
Gender roles (ENotes)
Fairy Tales and Gender Roles
Female Gender Roles in Fairy Tales
Books Boys Can't Resist
Teaching Gender Roles at a Christian Liberal Arts College

In the Virtual Library, see the following (Important Note!!: Google's Internet Browser, Google Chrome, has some compatibility issues with the files within the Virtual Library. This is a problem with Google's pdf plug-in, and not the files in the library. Explorer and Safari should work.):
Women in Literature (2001) by Allison Trice
Emerging Identities and Socially Constructed Gender Awareness (2005) by Pamela M. Amendola, Devon McCarthy, & Ryan L. Neumann
Gender Roles in American Literature (2006) by Tanya Martin, Maggie Taylor, Mimi Voyles, & Chris Woodward
Famous Femme Fatales: A Brief Feminist Literature Unit (2009) by Adrienne Keathley Part 1 Part 2
Stepford Wives and Macho Men: An Exploration of Contemporary Gender Representations (FSU) by Kimberly Mayer
Is That a Boy or a Girl? Exploring Gender Identity as a Facet of Civil Rights (2013) by Stefanie Molinaro

Online Lesson Plans
Read-Write-Think: Analyzing Character Development in Three Short Stories About Women
Read-Write-Think: Avoiding Sexist Language by Using Gender-Fair Pronouns
Read-Write-Think: Critical Literacy: Women in 19th-Century Literature
Read-Write-Think: From Friedan Forward—Considering a Feminist Perspective
Read-Write-Think: Enchanting Readers with Revisionist Fairy Tales
Read-Write-Think: He Said/She Said: Analyzing Gender Roles through Dialogue
Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute: Women Writers in Latin America
Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute: Women's Voices in Fiction
Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute: American Maid: Growing Up Female in Life and Literature
Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute: Gender, Race, and Milieu in Detective Fiction
National Endowment for the Humanities: Cultural Change
National Endowment for the Humanities: Scripting the Past: Exploring Women's History Through Film
Learn NC: Women of the South in a Changing Society

Writing by Teenager
Merlyn's Pen search engine for writing by teens about body image
Merlyn's Pen search engine for writing by teens about boy stories
Merlyn's Pen search engine for writing by teens about feminism
Merlyn's Pen search engine for writing by teens about gay issues
Merlyn's Pen search engine for writing by teens about gender roles
Merlyn's Pen search engine for writing by teens about girl stories

Fairy Tales
Cinderella
Hansel and Gretel

Poetry
Allerton, Ellen P.: Woman's Work
Angelou, Maya: Woman Work
Chester, Laura: Eyes of the Garden
Dorman, Karla J.: A Woman before she is a Child
Naheed, Kishwar: I am not that woman
Saphra, Jacqueline: A Woman's Work
Schroeder, Bethany: Woman's Work
Scott, C. A.: Women's Work: A Poem

Short Stories
Faessler, Shirley: A Basket of Apples
Freeman, Mary E. Wilkins: The Revolt of Mother
Hemingway, Ernest: The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber
Huang, Veronica: Backstage
Hurston, Zora Neale: Sweat
Rau, Santha Rama: Who Cares?
Thurber, James: The Secret Life of Walter Mitty
Toer, Pramoedya Ananta: Inem
Walker, Alice: Everyday Use

Novels
Arnow, Harriette: The Dollmaker
Atwood, Margaret: The Penelopiad
Bujold, Lois McMaster: Paladin of Souls
Cashore, Kristin: Graceling
Chopin, Kate: The Awakening
Eugenides, Jeffrey: Middlesex
Goines, Donald: Whoreson: The Story of a Ghetto Pimp
Hurston, Zora Neale: Their Eyes Were Watching God
Langton, Jane: Her Majesty, The Boyhood of Grace Jones
Lessing, Doris: The Golden Notebook
Lindbergh, Anne Morrow: Gift from the Sea
Pierce, Tamora: Tricksters Choice, Tricksters Queen, Battle Magic, Songs of the Lioness, Protector of the Small, Immortals

Rawlings, Jane : The Penelopeia: A Book in Verse
Walker, Alice: The Color Purple
Woolf, Virginia: Orlando

Drama
Shaw, George Bernard: How He Lied to Her Husband
Hatcher, Jeffrey: Compleat Female Stage Beauty
Mamet, David: Oleanna

Film
9 to 5
Bintou
Offside
Tootsie
Underground - Short Film by Kristen Dehnert & Aimee Lagos
Victor/Victoria
Wadjda
Waitress
Water

Documentary Film
Hurt, Byron: Beyond, Beats, and Rhymes

Graphic Novels/Manga
Hagio Moto: They Were Eleven
Takahashi, Rumiko. Ranma
Judd Winick: Pedro and Me: Friendship, Loss, and What I Learned

Songs
Kate Bush: This Woman's Work
Johnny Clegg: Daughter of Eden
Judy Collins: Albatross
Meredith Brooks: Bitch
Shania Twain: Man, I Feel Like a Woman
Helen Reddy: I am Woman

Spoken Word
Bill Cosby: The Difference between Men and Women
Tavi Gevinson at the ideaCity conference, Toronto 2010

TV programs
Mad Men
Downton Abbey

Games
Battle of the Sexes

Video Games
Metroid Prime Franchise

Blogs
Pink is for Boys

TV News Debates
Megyn Kelly debates Lou Dobbs and Erick Erickson on Fox News on Working Mothers

Images of Gender Roles

Key Concepts and Problems
How are the roles of males and females presented in the literature? What is the point of view of the narrator toward these roles? What is the point of view of the author toward these roles? How do these roles reflect the values of the culture and era of the story's setting? To what extent are these roles consistent with attitudes toward gender roles in your community?

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GENERATIONS

Handy links:
Save Ellis Island
Family History
Introduction to Genealogy
Family Memoir: Getting Acquainted With Generations Before Us
Lesson Plan on Family History and Past Generations
Genealogy Links
Cyndi's List of Genealogy Sites on the Internet
The Family and Identity

Online Lesson Plans
Read-Write-Think: Family Memoir: Getting Acquainted With Generations Before Us
Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute: Cultural Discovery and Identity Project Generation Journey

Novels
Barber, Lou: The Baker Affair: 3 Generations of an American Family at War
Butler, Octavia: Kindred
Chun, Pam: When Strange Gods Call
Gamble, Terry: Good Family: A Novel
Gildner, Gary: My Grandfather's Book: Generations of an American Family (Michigan And The Great Lakes)
Marquez, Gabriel Garcia: One Hundred Years of Solitude
Paton, Alan: Cry, the Beloved Country
Tan, Amy: The Joy Luck Club, The Bonesetter's Daughter, The Kitchen God's Wife

Short Stories
Halper, Albert: Prelude
Wright, Richard: Almos a Man

Poetry
Burgess, Frank Gelett: Sestina of Youth and Age
Gibran, Kahlil: On Children
Suckow, Ruth: Grandpa Schuler

Children's Stories
Woodson, Jacqueline: Show Way

Film
A Great Wall

Images of Generations

Key Concepts and Problems
Why do people care about their ancestors? To what extent are people the product of the people who came before them? What do families pass down from generation to generation? How are generations different from one another? What defines a family over the course of generations?

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ID, EGO, AND SUPEREGO

Handy Links:
Wikipedia on Id, Ego, and Superego
McLeod, S. A. (2008). Id, Ego and Superego
Examples of Id, Ego, and Superego
Freudian Trio: Literature

Online Lesson Plans:
Read-Write-Think: An Introduction to Psycholanalytic Criticism
Read-Write-Think: Id, Ego, and the Superego in Dr. Seuss’s The Cat in the Hat
Freudian Literary Analysis Lesson Plan
Experimenting with Freud's Theory of Dreams
Freudian Approach to Their Eyes Were Watching God

Novels
Golding, William: Lord of the Flies
Hurston, Zora Neale: Their Eyes Were Watching God
Stevenson, Robert Louis: The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde
Wilde, Oscar: The Portrait of Dorian Gray

Short Stories
Jackson, Shirley: The Lottery

Poetry
Marvell, Andrew: To His Coy Mistress [see Hammad Mushtaq, The Triumph of Id over Ego and Superego in To His Coy Misstress]

Drama
Sophocles: Oedipus Rex

Essays
King, Stephen: Why We Crave Horror Movies
Zimbaro, Philip: The Lucifer Effect

Song:
Iron Maiden: Lord of the Flies
U2: Shadows and Tall Trees

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IDENTITY

Handy Links
Wikipedia entry on Identity (social sciences)
Psychology Today: Identity
Google Search Books on Identity
Wikipedia entry on Cultural Identity
Beyond Cultural Identity: Reflections on Multiculturalism
A Celebration of Identity: Black Men and Boys in Children’s and Young Adult Literature
Cultural Identity by Peter Prevos
Cultural Identity and Teaching
Cultural Identity and Diaspora

In the Virtual Library, see the following (Important Note!!: Google's Internet Browser, Google Chrome, has some compatibility issues with the files within the Virtual Library. This is a problem with Google's pdf plug-in, and not the files in the library. Explorer and Safari should work.):
Transformations (2009) by Deirdre Kraushaar
Social and Cultural Factors in the Construction of Identity (2010) by Megan Lewis
Identity in Southern Literature (2010) by Ansley Deese, Julie Kristin, & Amber Higginbotham
Identity: Who Am I? (FSU) by Katie Baker
Find Out What You Believe in, and Stand Up For It! (FSU) by Chloe Kendall
Walk a Mile in my Shoes (FSU) by Laramie Ohms
Search for Identity: Hamlet (FSU) by Samar Al Slaiby and Brandi Doutherd
The Road Map to My Identity (FSU) by Seth Federman
Symbols: Life without Words: Cultural Awareness and Self-Identity through the Evolution of Tattoos (FSU) by Giannina Ferraro
Adolescent Struggle With Authority While Searching For Identity (FSU) by Carlin Huenke
A Hero Lies in You (FSU) by Kaitlyn Akos
“Peeling Away the Layers” A Unit on Social Boundaries For 9th grade (FSU) by Katherine Barr
“Who am I, and why does it matter? A unit on life, death, and the meaning of it all. 12th grade honors. (FSU) by Jenny Davis
Inner Beauty and Self-Image, Grade 9 (FSU) by Christen Ellrich
Empowering Voices (FSU) by Mallory Knabb
You Went through What? Struggles Students are Forced to Overcome (FSU) by Erin Litvak
Through the Fire: Adversity (FSU) by Annie Lockman
Going Against the Grain: "This is who I am. Nobody said you had to like it." (FSU) by Nicole Lopez
Be the one Change You Wish to See, 9th Grade (FSU) by Alison Pfeifer
The Battle of You: Struggling against Social and Family Expectations and creating an Identity, as seen through Text and Street Art (FSU) by Mark Robbins-Penniman
The Power of Choice: How do our decisions affect our lives and the lives of others? (FSU 2011) by Erin Grysko
Why Blend In: Accepting Individual Differences within Self and Others (FSU 2011) by Stacy Ward
Dare to be Different (FSU 2011) by Ashley Wiseman
Constructing Identity (2012) by Lj Reinders

Online Lesson Plans
Mapping Your Identity: A Back-to-School Ice Breaker
Art Activities for Exploring Identity
Who am I? Exploring Identity
Read-Write-Think: Using Picture Books to Explore Identity, Stereotyping, and Discrimination
Read-Write-Think: Exploring Language and Identity: Amy Tan’s “Mother Tongue” and Beyond
Identity, Rights, and Responsibility
Self-Portrait Lessons
Learn NC: A matter of identity: Writing an extended metaphor poem
Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute: Defining Cultural Identity: Thinking Outside the Box
Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute: Cultural and Personal Identity Through Poetry
Everyone Has a Culture—Everyone Is Different
Where's Waldo?
Identity Circles: A Personal Exploration of Diversity
Identity, Belonging, and Social Inclusion

Spoken Word
Fred Wesley and the JB's--Damn Right I Am Somebody
Fred Wesley and the JB's--Same Beat pts.1,2,3

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IMMIGRATION

Handy Links:
Immigration/Migration: Today and During the Great Depression: Links
Learn About Immigration

In the Virtual Library, see the following (Important Note!!: Google's Internet Browser, Google Chrome, has some compatibility issues with the files within the Virtual Library. This is a problem with Google's pdf plug-in, and not the files in the library. Explorer and Safari should work.):
Memoirs of Migration: A Thematic Unit in American Literature (FSU) by Daniel Beugnet

Online Lesson Plans
Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute: Immigration and American Life
Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute: Becoming a "Gringo": Immigrants, Language Learning and Acculturation
Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute: Remaking America: Contemporary U.S. Immigration
Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute: Immigrants and American Identity
National Geographic: Through the Eyes of a Refugee
Learn NC: Why Come to America?

Literature
Discussing Immigration through Literature
Crossing the Border, A Study of Immigration Though Literature
Research immigration and family histories
Literature with Immigration Themes

Film
Media that matter Film Festival: Immigration
Films on Immigration
Immigration & the Movies!
Immigration/Migration: Today and During the Great Depression: Film
God Grew Tired of Us

Songs
Songs about Immigrants
Thousands Are Sailing: Irish Songs Of Immigration CD
Immigration Songs

Video Games
Grand Theft Auto IV

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INFLUENCES ON PERSONALITY

Online Lesson Plans
Read-Write-Think: Assessing Cultural Relevance: Exploring Personal Connections to a Text
Read-Write-Think: Audio Listening Practices: Exploring Personal Experiences with Audio Texts

In the Virtual Library, see the following (Important Note!!: Google's Internet Browser, Google Chrome, has some compatibility issues with the files within the Virtual Library. This is a problem with Google's pdf plug-in, and not the files in the library. Explorer and Safari should work.):
Transformations (2009) by Deirdre Kraushaar
A Child’s World (FSU) by Kelly Cassidy
Fear, and Conquering Fear: Using writing to channel emotions productively (FSU 2011) by Daniel Do
Dealing with life: Understanding inner conflict (FSU 2011) by Rebekah Hurd

Novels
Bums, Olive: Cold Sassy Tree
Childress, Alice: A Hero Ain't Nothin' But a Sandwich, Rainbow Jordan
Greene, Hannah: I Never Promised You a Rose Garden
Lipsyte, Robert: One Fat Summer
Myers, Walter Dean: It Ain't All for Nothin'
Peck, Robert Newton: Justice Lion
Sleator, William: House of Stairs
Stewart , Mary: The Crystal Cave
Torchia , Joseph: Kryptonite Kid
Twain, Mark: The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn

Images of Personality

Key Concepts and Problems
What influences do the characters face? Consider such factors as family, religion, friends, media, laws and rules, temperament, intellect, talent, and values. Which of these influences are good? Which are bad? Which influences are the greatest? How does the character respond to the influences? What is the character's real personality? Do the influences shape the character into something other than his or her real self? What does the character discover at the end? How does this realization affect the character?

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JUSTICE

Handy Links:
Focusing on Juvenile Justice
Realizing Our Inalienable Rights Through Literacy and Citizenship
American Justice and Student Rights
United States; T.R.I.C.K.Y.: Teenage Reality, Ideals, Citizenship, Keepsakes, and You
Smagorinsky, P. (1994). Bring the court room to the classroom: Develop civic awareness with simulation activities. The Social Studies, 85, 174-180.

In the Virtual Library, see the following (Important Note!!: Google's Internet Browser, Google Chrome, has some compatibility issues with the files within the Virtual Library. This is a problem with Google's pdf plug-in, and not the files in the library. Explorer and Safari should work.):
Social Injustice (1998) by Nelie Betress and Bridget Taylor
Understanding Human Rights through Literature (1999) by Jenny Cockrill, Stephanie Hall, Rebecca Long
Crime and Punishment (2003) by Jessica Hagans and Kate Phillips
The American Justice System: Does It Work? (2007) by Megan Kingsley
Revolution—A Judgment of Justice (FSU) by Victoria D. McDonald

Online Lesson Plans
Read-Write-Think: That's Not Fair! Examining Civil Liberties With the U.S. Supreme Court
Read-Write-Think: What Are My Rights? Exploring and Writing About the Constitution
Read-Write-Think: Breaking Barriers, Building Bridges: Critical Discussion of Social Issues
Read-Write-Think: Crit Lit for Kids: From Critical Consciousness to Service Learning
Read-Write-Think: Fighting Injustice by Studying Lessons of the Past
Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute: Crime and Punishment
Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute: New Movements For Social Justice: The Latino Struggle for Equal Rights (1950’s-1970’s)
Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute: Multiculturalism and the Law
Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute: The Constitution and Criminal Justice
Learn NC: Justice for All? To Kill a Mockingbird and A Time to Kill
Learn NC: And justice for all: The Trail of Tears, Mexican deportation, and Japanese internment
Learn NC: De facto vs. de jure segregation

Poetry
Anzaldua, Gloria: How to Tame a Wild Tongue
Davis, Frank Marshall: Giles Johnson, Ph.D.
Mirikitani, Janice: Breaking Silence
Mitsui, James: Destination: Tule Lake Relocation Center, May 20, 1942
Okita, Dwight: In Response to Executive Order 9006
Okubo, Mine: Holding Center, Tanforan Race Track Spring 1942
Walker, Margaret: For My People

Novels
Bambara, Toni Cade: The Salt Eaters
Carlisle, Henry, and Carlisle, Olga Andreyev: The Idealists
Courteney, Bryce: The Power of One
Dostoyevsky, Fyodor: Crime and Punishment
Faulkner, William: Light in August
Le Guin, Ursula: The Dispossessed
Melville, Herman: Billy Budd
Steiner, George: The Portage to San Cristobal of A.H.
Taylor, Mildred: Roll of Thunder, Hear my Cry
Toomer, Jean: Cane
Uchida, Yoshiko: The Invisible Friend
Wells-Barnett, Ida B. Crusade for Justice
Wouk, Herman: The Caine Mutiny
Wright, Richard: Native Son

Autobiographies
Black Elk with John G. Neihardt: Black Elk Speaks
Mandela, Nelson: Long Walk to Freedom
Moody, Anne: Coming of Age in Mississippi
Standing Bear, Luther: My People, the Sioux

Nonfiction
Barbara Ehrenreich and Deidre English: Complaints and Disorders: The Sexual Politics of Sickness
King, Martin Luther Jr.: Letter from a Birmingham Jail
Thoreau, Henry David: Civil Disobedience

Drama
Peckinpah, Sam: Noon Wine
Rose, Reginald: Twelve Angry Men
Shakespeare, William: The Merchant of Venice

Song
Johnny Clegg & Savuka: Bombs Away
Johnny Clegg & Savuka: Warsaw 1943
La Farge, Peter: As Long As the Grass Shall Grow

Games
Fair Division
Centipede Game

Justice
Stranglehold
Max Payne

Images of Justice

Key Concepts and Problems
What is the definition of justice? Where do the characters in the story get their concept of justice? Is the behavior of the characters in the story just? Why or why not? What are the difficulties involved in achieving justice? In what ways can punishment be justly related to crime? What is the relationship between justice and mercy? What is the source of one's concept of justice?

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THE LEADER

Short Stories
Deal, Bordon: Antaeus
Guthrie, A. B., Jr.: Old Mother Hubbard

Novels
Bonham, Frank: Durango Street
Cormier, Robert: The Chocolate War, After the First Death, The Bumblebee Flies Anyway
Courteney, Bryce: The Power of One
Forman, James: A Ceremony of Innocence
French, Michael: The Throwing Season
Golding, William: Lord of the Flies
Hinton, S. E.: The Outsiders; That Was Then, This Is Now; Rumble Fish
L'Engle, Madeleine: A Ring of Endless Light
O'Brien, Robert: Z for Zachariah
Schaefer, Jack: Shane
Stevenson, Robert Louis: Treasure Island
Twain, Mark: Tom Sawyer
Zindel, Paul: Harry and Hortense at Hormone High

Film
Dave
Hoosiers

Video Games
Halo Franchise
Online First-Person Shooter Games (e.g., Counterstrike, Call of Duty, Battlefield Franchise)

Images of the Leader

Key Concepts and Problems
What are the qualities of a leader? Why do others follow such a person? What type of leadership does the leader offer? What is the leader's purpose? How is this character regarded by the others in the story? How does the leader change during the story?

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LIVING IN THE CITY

In the Virtual Library, see the following (Important Note!!: Google's Internet Browser, Google Chrome, has some compatibility issues with the files within the Virtual Library. This is a problem with Google's pdf plug-in, and not the files in the library. Explorer and Safari should work.):
Exploring Urban Adolescent Community Issues (FSU) by Allison Kibbey

Online Lesson Plans
Immigrants and Urban Life Lesson Plans
Urban Life Rural Life Lesson Plans
Urban Life
Designs for Urban Life
City Life and Country Life
National Geographic: Cities on the Fringe

Images of City Life

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LOSS OF INNOCENCE

Writing by Teenagers
Merlyn's Pen search engine for writing by teens about innocence

Mythology
Pandora's Box
Phaethon
Deirdre and the Sons of Usna

The Bible
The Creation and the Fall (Genesis 1 3)

Poetry
Cullen, Countee: Youth Sings a Song of Rosebuds
Millay, Edna St. Vincent: Childhood Is the Kingdom Where Nobody Dies
Roethke, Theodore: Dirty Dinky
Rossetti, Christina: The Goblin Market
Stafford, William: In the Old Days, Time
Thomas, Dylan: Fern Hill

Short Stories
Hawthorne, Nathaniel: Egotism, Or the Bosom Serpent
Joyce, James: Araby
Shaw, Irwin: Peter Two
Updike, John: You'll Never Know, Dear, How Much I Love You
Warren, Robert Penn.: Blackberry Winter

Novels
Baldwin, James: Go Tell It on the Mountain
Carter, Forrest: The Education of Little Tree
Gipson, Fred: Old Yeller
Hawthorne, Nathaniel: The Marble Faun
Hunter, Kristin: God Bless the Child
Knowles, John: A Separate Peace
Rawlings, Marjorie: The Yearling
Salinger, J. D.: The Catcher in the Rye
Sister Souljah: No Disrespect
Smith, Betty: A Tree Grows in Brooklyn
Soyinka, Wole: Ake. The Years of Childhood
Steinbeck, John: The Red Pony

Song
Barenaked Ladies: Pinch Me
Johnny Clegg & Savuka: The Promise
Kathy Mattea: The Innocent Years

Video Games
The Legend of Zelda: Ocarina of Time

Images of Loss of Innocence

Key Concepts and Problems
What is innocence? In what ways is the character originally "innocent"? What causes the "fall"? How is the character affected by the fall? Is the character better off, or worse? Why? What has the character learned from this experience?

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LOVE

In the Virtual Library, see the following (Important Note!!: Google's Internet Browser, Google Chrome, has some compatibility issues with the files within the Virtual Library. This is a problem with Google's pdf plug-in, and not the files in the library. Explorer and Safari should work.):
The Effects of Love: Thinking with your heart vs. Thinking with your head (FSU) by Kathleen McPadden
Miscommunication: Then and Now: A Pride and Prejudice Inspired Unit (FSU) by Hayley Miller
What is Love; Baby, Don’t Hurt Me (FSU) by Tabitha Campbell
The More Things Change the More They Stay the Same: Finding Modern Meaning in Jane Austen’s Pride and Prejudice (2013) by Lisa Turner

Online Lesson Plans
Read-Write-Think: Finding Poetry in Prose: Reading and Writing Love Poems

Poetry
Bums, Robert: A Red, Red Rose
Donne, John: The Ecstasy
Graves, Robert: Symptoms of Love
Herrick, Robert: Delight in Disorder
Lowell, Amy: The Taxi
Roethke, Theodore: Elegy for Jane
Shakespeare, William: Sonnets 18, 29
Shapiro, Karl: How Do I Love You?
Yeats, William Butler: The Lover Tells of the Rose in His Heart

Short Stories
Hughes, Langston: A Good Job Done
Kerckhoff, Joan: Talk To Me, Talk To Me
O'Connor, Flannery: Everything That Rises Must Converge

Novels
Austen, Jane: Pride and Prejudice
Bronte, Charlotte: Jane Eyre
Bronte, Emily: Wuthering Heights
du Maurier, Daphne: Rebecca
Faulkner, William: Light in August
Hemingway, Ernest: A Farewell to Arms
Joyce, James: Ulysses
Kundera, Milan: The Unbearable Lightness of Being
Marquez, Gabriel Garcia: Love in the Time of Cholera
McCullers, Carson: The Heart Is a Lonely Hunter
Percy, Walker: The Second Coming, The Moviegoer
Rhys, Jean: Wide Sargasso Sea
Walker, Alice: The Color Purple
Woolf, Virginia: Orlando

Drama
Chayefsky, Paddy: Marty
Shakespeare, William: A Midsummer Night's Dream, Romeo and Juliet

Films
Brown Sugar
Out of Africa

Songs
LL Cool J: I Need Love

Video Games
Super Mario Franchise

Images of Love

Key Concepts and Problems
What is the definition of romantic love? What enables the lovers to become intimate with each other? How do the characters in the story illustrate the definition of romantic love? How do they fall short of the definition? Is there such thing as weak love, or can it only be strong? How does a love relationship affect an individual? How do individuals in love affect each other? How does romantic love develop?

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LOYALTY

Handy Links:
Wikipedia entry on Bushido
Muslim loyalty and belonging: does extremism have a future?
Humanity Quest Loyalty Resources
Character Education Links

In the Virtual Library, see the following (Important Note!!: Google's Internet Browser, Google Chrome, has some compatibility issues with the files within the Virtual Library. This is a problem with Google's pdf plug-in, and not the files in the library. Explorer and Safari should work.):
Conflicting Loyalties in Romeo and Juliet (2011) by Sarah Chattin

Writing by Teenagers
Merlyn's Pen search engine for writing by teens about betrayal

The Bible
Abraham and Isaac (Genesis 22:1 19)
Cain and Abel (Genesis 4:1 16)
The Golden Calf (Exodus 32, 33:1 6)
Joseph and His Brothers (Genesis 37:1 36)

Poetry
Brooks, Gwendolyn: The Preacher: Ruminates Behind the Sermon
Masters, Edgar Lee: The Village Atheist
Muir, Edwin: Moses
Nemerov, Howard: Santa Claus
Prettyman, Quandra: When Mahalia Sings
Shapiro, Karl: 151st Psalm
Spender, Stephen: What I Expected
Yeats, William Butler: The Second Coming

Short Stories
Babel, Isaac: Awakening
Baldwin, James: My Childhood
Chavez, Fray Angelico: Hunchback Madonna
Frame, Janet: The Reservoir
Haycox, Ernest: A Question of Blood
Hughes, Langston: Salvation
Mendoza, Durango: Summer Water and Shirley
O'Flaherty, Liam: The Fairy Goose
Silko, Leslie Marmon: The Man to Send Rain Clouds
Swados, Harvey: Claudine's Book

Novels
Anderson, M. T.: The Astonishing Life of Octavian Nothing, Traitor to the Nation, Vol. 1: The Pox Party; The Astonishing Life of Octavian Nothing, Traitor to the Nation, Volume II: The Kingdom on the Waves
Gipson, Fred: Old Yeller
Potok, Chaim: The Chosen, The Promise

Nonfiction
Pledge of Allegiance
Chief Joseph of the Nez Perce: Speech of Surrender
King, Martin Luther, Jr.: Letter from a Birmingham Jail
Lincoln, Abraham: Gettysburg Address
Red Jacket: An Indian Speaks
Thoreau, Henry David: Civil Disobedience

Drama
Chayefsky, Paddy: Holiday Song

Films
The Bridge on the River Kwai
The Curse of the Golden Flower
On the Waterfront

Songs
Barenaked Ladies: Off the Hook
Johnny Clegg & Savuka: Warsaw 1943
Jamie O'Hara: Cold Hard Truth

Video Games
Fable Franchise

Images of Loyalty

Key Concepts and Problems
What is loyalty? What are the different kinds of loyalty? What causes someone to feel loyal? What forces can compete with one's loyalty? How does one choose between being loyal or disloyal? How does one judge someone who has acted disloyally?

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MENTAL HEALTH AND MENTAL ILLNESS

Handy Links:
Wikipedia's List of Mental Illness in Art and Literature
How Colleges Flunk Mental Health by Katie J. M. Baker (Newsweek)
Wikipedia's List of people who have suffered from depression
Mental Illness
PS Links for Exceptional Learners, Mental Health, and Students with Disabilities
Mental Health 3: Mental Health Through Literature
Linking about: the Victorians and Mental Illness
A photographer & writer struggling with mental illness
Talking About mental illness: Teacher's resource
Bipolar Disorder
Perceptions of Mental Illness
Erika’s List: YA Novels That Include Mental Illness
Can teen fiction explain mental illness to my daughter?
Using Young Adult Fiction Literature to End Discrimination Against Mental Illness: An Annotated Bibliography of Young Adult Literature about Anorexia, Drug and Alcohol Abuse, Suicide and Other Mental Illness

In the Virtual Library, see the following (Important Note!!: Google's Internet Browser, Google Chrome, has some compatibility issues with the files within the Virtual Library. This is a problem with Google's pdf plug-in, and not the files in the library. Explorer and Safari should work.):
Mental Illness (2004) by Emily Lancaster & Christopher Warren
Speaking Up: Alienation and Social Responsibility (2009) by Katie Crowell
Understanding Holden: A unit for 11th grade students (2009) by Michael Nickolai
Who's Cuckoo? A look into the stigma of mental illness in society (FSU) by Lauren Niemeyer
“Life Inside The Music Box”: Understanding Various Mental Abnormalities (FSU 2011) by Charise Kollar

Online Lesson Plans
Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute:...By Reason of Insanity An Exploration of the Mental Disease/Defect Defense

Writing by Teenagers
Merlyn's Pen search engine for writing by teens about child abuse
Merlyn's Pen search engine for writing by teens about depression
Merlyn's Pen search engine for writing by teens about eating disorders
Teen Ink writing by teens about health issues, including mental health

Novels:
Faulkner, William: As I Lay Dying
Faulkner, William: The Sound and the Fury
Haddon, Mark: The Curious Incident of the Dog in the Night-Time
Heller, Joseph: Catch-22
Kesey, Ken: One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest
Lee, Harper: To Kill a Mockingbird
Salinger, J. D.: The Catcher in the Rye

Play:
Miller, Arthur: Death of a Salesman

Short Stories
Gilman, Charlotte Perkins: The Yellow Wallpaper

Biography:
Nasar, Sylvia: A Beautiful Mind

Memoir
Cutler, Eustacia: A Thorn in my Pocket: Temple Grandin's Mother tells the Family Story
Kaysen, Susanna: Girl, Interrupted
Plath, Sylvia: The Bell Jar
Page, Tim: Parallel Play: Growing Up With Undiagnosed Asperger's
Robison, John Elder : Look Me in the Eye
Wurtzel, Elizabeth: Prozac Nation

Essay
Fry, Stephen: Only the Lonely

Film
The King of Kong: A Fistful of Quarters
Take Shelter
Rain Man
Adam
Mary and Max  
Harvey
Lars and the Real Girl
Dirty Filthy Love
The Informant!
Silver Linings Playbook
Temple Grandin

Autodocumentary Film
Fry, Stephen: The Secret Life of the Manic Depressive

Television programs
24 (Chloe O'Brian, autism spectrum; Brady Hauser, autism spectrum)
All My Children (Lily Montgomery, autism spectrum)
Bones (Dr. Temperance "Bones" Brennan & Zack Addy, Asperger's syndrome)
Boston Legal (Jerry Espenson, Asperger's syndrome)
Criminal Minds (Dr. Spencer Reid, Asperger's syndrome)
CSI: Crime Scene Investigation (Gil Grissom, possibly autism spectrum)
Eureka (Kevin Stark, Autism)
Heroes (Matt Parkman, dyslexia and learning disabilities)
House (Dr. Gregory House, possibly autism spectrum)
Law and Order: Criminal Intent (Bobby Goren, possibly Asperger's syndrome)
Monk (Adrian Monk, obsessive-compulsive disorder; Monk's brother, Asperger's syndrome)
Numb3rs (Charlie Eppes, Asperger's syndrome)
ReGenesis (Dr. Bob Melnikov, Asperger's syndrome)
The Shield (Mackey Children, Autism)
Wire in the Blood (Tony Hill, Aserger's Syndrome)

Songs:
Barenaked Ladies: Brian Wilson
Barenaked Ladies: War on Drugs

Graphic Novels/Manga:
Tobe, Keiko: With the Light

Video Games
American McGee's Alice

Podcasts
Undiagnosed Aspergers Leads To Life As An Outsider
Asperger Love

Images of Mental Illness and Mental Health

Key Concepts and Problems:
What is mental health? What is mental illness? How do you draw the line between the two? How are people with mental illness treated in society? How should they be treated?

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NEW KID ON THE BLOCK

Handy links:
The New Kid on the Block (Simpsons episode)

Novels
Blume, Judy: Tiger Eyes
Carter, Alden: Growing Season
Cleaver, Vera: Where the Lilies Bloom
Guy, Rosa: New Guys Around the Block
Kerr, M. E.: Him She Loves?
Myers, Walter Dean: The Outside Shot

Video Games
Grand Theft Auto Franchise

Image of New Kid on the Block

Key Concepts and Problems
What is different about the newcomer? How is this character received by the others? How does the character respond to this reception? How does the character adapt to the new environment? How does the character change during the story? Is this positive or negative? Why?

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OPTIMISM AND PESSIMISM

Mythology
Sisyphus

Poetry
Arnold, Matthew: Dover Beach
Blake, William: The Marriage of Heaven and Hell
Bronte, Emily: Ah! Why, Because the Dazzling Sun
Coleridge, Samuel Taylor: Frost at Midnight, The Rime of the Ancient Mariner
Eliot, T. S.: The Wasteland, The Hollow Men
Hardy, Thomas: The Man He Killed
Pope, Alexander: An Essay on Man
Shelley, Percy Bysshe: Ode to the West Wind
Tennyson, Alfred: Ulysses
Wordsworth, William: The World Is Too Much with Us, Tintern Abbey, It Is a Beauteous Evening
Yeats, William Butler: Sailing to Byzantium

Novels
Camus, Albert: The Stranger
Conrad, Joseph: Lord Jim
Dostoyevsky, Fyodor: Crime and Punishment, Notes from the Underground
Gascar, Pierre: The Season of the Dead
Mann, Thomas: The Magic Mountain
Voltaire: Candide

Drama
Beckett, Samuel: Waiting for Godot
O'Neill, Eugene: The Hairy Ape
Simpson, N.F.: One Way Pendulum
Sartre, Jean Paul: No Exit
Shakespeare, William: Macbeth, Hamlet

Film
Throne of Blood
Scotland, Pa.

Songs
Game and Fifty Cent: Hate it or Love it

Images of Optimism and Pessimism

Key Concepts and Problems
Is the piece optimistic, pessimistic, or neutral in outlook? What clues tell you what the outlook is? Do you agree with the author's vision? Why or who not? What evidence do you see in the real world that either supports or refutes the author's vision? What facts and conditions contribute to one's evaluation of experience? To what extent do such attitudes come from the way the world is? To what extent do they come from a person's temperament?

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THE OUTCAST

Handy links:
Wikipedia entry on the Outcast

In the Virtual Library, see the following (Important Note!!: Google's Internet Browser, Google Chrome, has some compatibility issues with the files within the Virtual Library. This is a problem with Google's pdf plug-in, and not the files in the library. Explorer and Safari should work.):
Stargirl (2009) by Mark. A. Richardson
Our “Civilized” Society: A 4-Week Unit Plan Designed for the Study of The Scarlet Letter (FSU 2011) by Misty Lynn Foster
On the Outside Looking In (2012) by Kate Reynolds

Writing by Teenagers
Merlyn's Pen search engine for writing by teens about conformity
Merlyn's Pen search engine for writing by teens about fitting in
Merlyn's Pen search engine for writing by teens about outsiders
Merlyn's Pen search engine for writing by teens about peer pressure
Merlyn's Pen search engine for writing by teens about popularity
Teen Ink writing by teens about fitting in and being different

Poetry
Hughes, Langston: Brass Spittoons
Robinson, Edwin Arlington: Mr. Flood's Party
Rosenberg, Isaac: The Jew
Sassoon, Siegfried: Does It Matter?
Thomas, Dylan: The Hunchback in the Park

Short Stories
Capote, Truman: Jug of Silver
Gallico, Paul: The Snow Goose
Gorky, Maxim: Her Lover
Harte, Bret: The Outcasts of Poker Flat
Laurence, Margaret: The Half Husky
Matheson, Richard: Born of Man and Woman
Munro, Alice: Red Dress, Day of the Butterfly
Parker, Dorothy: Clothe the Naked
Peretz, I. L.: The Outcast
Rovere, Richard: Wallace
Singer, Isaac Bashevis: Gimpel the Fool

Novels
Dickens, Charles: Great Expectations, David Copperfield
Field, Rachel: Hepatica Hawns
Petry, Ann: The Street
Smith, Betty: A Tree Grows in Brooklyn
Steinbeck, John: Of Mice and Men

Autobiographies
Wright, Richard: Black Boy

Drama
Brecht, Bertolt: Galileo
Rose, Reginald: Thunder on Sycamore Street
Williams, Tennessee: The Glass Menagerie

Films
Pretty in Pink
Valley Girl

Songs
Ludacris and Mary J Blige: Runaway Love

Video Games
Prince of Persia: Sands of Time Trilogy

Images of the Outcast

Key Concepts and Problems
In what ways is the outcast different from society? Why does society reject this character? To what extent does the character reject himself or herself? How does the character feel about rejection? How does the character try to resolve this rejection?

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PATRIOTISM

In the Virtual Library, see the following (Important Note!!: Google's Internet Browser, Google Chrome, has some compatibility issues with the files within the Virtual Library. This is a problem with Google's pdf plug-in, and not the files in the library. Explorer and Safari should work.):
Complicating Patriotism (2012) by Ryan Brasuel

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PROGRESS

Handy Links:
Science and Technology: Catalysts for Change in Society
Relationship of Atomic America to Native America
Sifting Through the Ashes: A Multi-Media Inquiry into the People and Events That Led to the Development Of Atomic America
Cultural Perspectives on the Environment in Selected 20th Century Poems
What are Progressive Values?

In the Virtual Library, see the following (Important Note!!: Google's Internet Browser, Google Chrome, has some compatibility issues with the files within the Virtual Library. This is a problem with Google's pdf plug-in, and not the files in the library. Explorer and Safari should work.):
Mary Shelley's Frankenstein and the Responsibility of the Creator to his Creation (2001) by Sarah Mann
Technology and Progress (2002) by Tara Cooney

Online Lesson Plans
Read-Write-Think: Inventing and Presenting Unit 1: Analyzing Nonfiction and Inventing Solutions
Read-Write-Think: Inventing and Presenting Unit 2: Effective Speeches and Building the Invention
Read-Write-Think: Inventing and Presenting Unit 3: Persuasive Speaking and Invention Promotion

Writing by Teenagers
Merlyn's Pen search engine for writing by teens about technology

Short Stories
Faulkner, William: The Bear, Delta Autumn

Novels
Bellow, Saul: Henderson the Rain King
Berger, Thomas: Little Big Man
Courteney, Bryce: The Power of One
Crichton, Michael: Jurassic Park
Kesey, Ken: Sometimes a Great Notion
Kosinski, Jerzy: Being There
Le Guin, Ursula: The Word for World Is Forest
Markandaya, Kamala: Nectar in a Sieve
Momaday, N. Scott: The Way to Rainy Mountain
Sinclair, Upton: The Jungle
Vonnegut, Kurt, Jr.: Slaughterhouse Five
Wells, H. G.: The Time Machine
Wolf, Adolf: Legends Told by the Old People

Nonfiction
Mailer, Norman: Of a Fire on the Moon
Thoreau, Henry David: Walden

Films
The Gods Must Be Crazy
Water (Deepa Mehta, Dir.)

Documentary Films
Transcendent Man

Songs
10,000 Maniacs: Poison in the Well
Alvin, David: Dry River
Johnny Clegg & Savuka: Inevitable Consequence of Progress
Gaye, Marvin: Mercy Mercy Me (The Ecology)
Midnight Oil: Warakurna
Mitchell, Joni: Big Yellow Taxi, This Place
Parliament: Chocolate City
Prine, John: Paradise
Young, Neil: Be the Rain

Video Games
Deus Ex
Enter the Matrix

Images of Progress

Key Concepts and Problems
What is the definition of progress? Consider progress in terms of (a) technology, (b) the human spirit, (c) the expansion of "civilization," and (d) the evolution of the human intellect. Do the behavior and events of the story represent progress? Why or why not? What is the author's attitude towards progress? Do you agree?

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THE PSYCHOLOGY OF BRITISH LITERARY CHARACTERS: CHAUCER TO THE MODERNS

Online Lesson Plans
Read-Write-Think: Id, Ego, and Superego in Dr. Seuss’s Cat in the Hat

Poetry and Prose (Listed Chronologically)
Sir Gawain and the Green Knight
Chaucer, Geoffrey: The Canterbury Tales
Malory, Sir Thomas: Le Morte d'Arthur
Spenser, Edmund: The Faerie Queene
Shakespeare, William: Hamlet
Milton, John: Paradise Lost
Austen, Jane: Pride and Prejudice
Byron, George Gordon: Don Juan
Shelley, Mary: Frankenstein
Bronte, Emily: Wuthering Heights
Dickens, Charles: David Copperfield
Hardy, Thomas: Jude, the Obscure
Shaw, George Bernard: Arms and the Man
Eliot, T. S.: The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock
Conrad, Joseph: Heart of Darkness
Woolf, Virginia: To the Lighthouse

Key Concepts and Problems
How is the psychology of the characters influenced by the attitudes of the times in which they were written? How does the psychology of these characters change over time? What is responsible for these changes? What is the same about the characters over time? What conclusions can we draw about human nature, based on our study of these characters?

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THE PURITAN ETHIC

Handy links:
Fire and Ice: Puritan and Reformed Writings
Puritan History: Past, Present, and Future
The Puritan Ethic
Wikipedia Entry on the Protestant Work Ethic
The American Spirit in Literature: The Third and Fourth Generation

Elementary Texts
McGuffey's Reader
The New England Primer

Poetry
Bradstreet, Anne: To My Dear and Loving Husband
Taylor, Edward: Meditation Six

Short Stories
Hawthorne, Nathaniel: The Minister's Black Veil, Young Goodman Brown
Twain, Mark: The Man That Corrupted Hadleyburg

Novels
Hawthorne, Nathaniel: The Scarlet Letter
Twain, Mark: The Mysterious Stranger

Nonfiction
Edwards, Jonathan: Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God
Mather, Cotton: Essays to Do Good

Drama
Miller, Arthur: The Crucible

Images of the Puritan Ethic

Key Concepts and Problems
What are the central beliefs of the Puritans? What are the characteristics of the Puritan ethic? What historical factors contributed to the development of these principles? How was life for the Puritans different from life today? How was it similar to life today? Why did Puritanism die in America? To what extent does the Puritan ethic survive in America today?

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THE QUEST FOR POWER

Poetry
Percy Bysshe Shelley: Ozymandias

Novels
McLaughlin, Emma, & Kraus, Nicola: The Nanny Diaries: A Novel
Walker, Claudette: Currents of Power: A Modern Political Novel (Paperback)
Weisberger, Lauren: The Devil Wears Prada

Drama
Shakespeare, William: Macbeth, King Lear, Julius Caesar

Film
Heathers
Election
Wall Street
The Devil Wears Prada

Video Games
Grand Theft Auto Franchise
Zelda Franchise

Images of political power

Key Concepts and Problems
Why do people seek power? What do they gain and lose by questing after power? What effect do they have on others through their quest for power? How do characters from history, literature, and the arts illuminate current issues pertaining to power struggles?

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REGRET

Handy Links
What we regret most....any why
Quotes about regret
Regret Quotes
No Regrets: Contemporary Poets on the Theme of Regret  edited by Martha Manno

Novels
Bakopoulos, Dean : Please Don t Come Back from the Moon
Bell, Thomas: Out of this Furnace
Di Donato, Pietro : Christ in Concrete
Hassler, Jon: Grand Opening
Hossieni, Khaled: The Kite Runner
Knowles, John: A Separate Peace
Lee, Harper: To Kill A Mockingbird
Mitchell, Margaret: Gone with the Wind
Myers, Walter Dean: Monster
Petry, Ann: The Street
Petterson, Pet: Out Stealing Horses
Rawlings, Margaret Kinnan: The Yearling
Steinbeck, John: Of Mice and Men; The Grapes of Wrath

Short Stories
Anderson, Sherwood: I'm a Fool; Stolen Day; The Triumph of the Egg
Callaghan, Morley: All the Years of Her Life
Chopin, Kate: Regret
Collier, Eugenia: Marigolds
Fitzgerald, F. Scott: The Jelly-Bean; Babylon Revisited
Hemingway, Ernest: Soldier's Home, Hills like White Elephants
Joyce, James: Araby
Kafka, Franz: Before the Law
King, Stephen: The Last Rung on the Ladder
Melville, Herman: Bartleby the Scrivener: A Story of Wall-Street
Qi, Loh Wei: A Lifelong Regret
Rylant, Cynthia: Checkouts
Updike, John: A&P

Poetry
Bronte, Charlotte: Regret
Clifton, Lucille: Miss Rosie
cummings, e. e.: Nobody loses all the time
Gunawardana, Dilantha: Kites of passage
Lee, Li-Young: A Story
Masters, Edgar Lee: Spoon River Anthology
Olds, Sharon: I Go Back to May 1937
Robinson, Edgar Allen: Miniver Cheevy
Rumi: Who are We in this Complicated World?
Shukur, Abu: A Tree with a Bitter Seed

Snyder, Gary: Hay for the Horses

Stafford, William: Traveling through the Dark
Thomas, Dylan: Fern Hill
Regret in poetry

Drama
Miller, Arthur: Death of a Salesman
Shakespeare, William: The Tragedy of Marc Antony and Cleopatra

Nonfiction
Gawande, Atul: Failure and Rescue
Krakauer, Jon: Into Thin Air: A Personal Account of the Mt. Everest Disaster

Song
Kinky Boots: I am Not My Father's Son
Mumford and Sons: Dust Bowl Dance
Simon and Garfunkle: The Boxer

Images of regret

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RESPONSIBILITY

Handy links:
Courage and Responsibility: The American Civil War

In the Virtual Library, see the following (Important Note!!: Google's Internet Browser, Google Chrome, has some compatibility issues with the files within the Virtual Library. This is a problem with Google's pdf plug-in, and not the files in the library. Explorer and Safari should work.):
Personal Responsibility (1999) by Tommy Behr, Jamie Reece, and Angie Watkins
America at War with Itself: Social versus Personal Responsibility (2007) by Caitlin George
Do I Dare Disturb the Universe? Social Structures, Choices, and Consequences (2008) by Brande Ledford

Online Lesson Plans
Learn NC: Is No Man An Island?
National Geographic: Would You Have Helped Out?

Writing by Teenagers
Merlyn's Pen search engine for writing by teens about responsibility

Novels
Cather, Willa: My Antonia
Kerr M. E.: Gentlehands
Milkowicz, Gloria: The Day the Senior Class Got Married
Newton, Suzanne: I Will Call It Georgie's Blues
Southerland, Ellease: Let the Lion Eat Straw
Stone, Bruce: Half Nelson, Full Nelson
Sweeney, Joyce: Center Line
Zindel, Paul: The Pigman

Drama
Rose, Reginald: Thunder on Sycamore Street

Video Games
Zelda Franchise
Prince of Persia (2008)

Images of Responsibility

Key Concepts and Problems
What value systems are the characters being influenced by? How strenuously are the value systems being imposed? From where do the characters derive their sense of responsibility? What forces are testing this sense? How do the characters respond to these forces? How is the conflict resolved? What is the author trying to say about value systems and responsibility in particular? Distinguish among duty, obligation, expectation, responsibility, and promise.

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RITES OF PASSAGE

Handy links:
Wikipedia entry on Rite of Passage
Rituals and Rites of Passage
Young Adult Literature: Rite of Passage or Rite of Its Own
Rites of Passage?
Rites of Passage across Cultures and within American Subcultures

Writing by Teenagers
Merlyn's Pen search engine for writing by teens about beginnings

Mythology
Irish: The Prince of the Lonesome Isle, The Lade of Tubber Tintye
Navajo: Twin Warriors
Greek: Actaeon, Phaethon and Phoebus, Psyche and Cupid
Sumerian: Inanna's Descent to the Netherworld

The Bible
Story of Job (Job 1 42)

Poetry
Gunn, Thom: Black Jackets
Parker, Dorothy: Indian Summer
Thomas, Dylan: Poem in October

Short Stories
Clinton, Michelle T.: Humiliation of the Boy
Cohoe, Grey: The Promised Visit
Fox, Robert: A Fable
Meckel, Christo: The Lion
Silko, Leslie Marmon: Tony's Story
Steinbeck, John: Flight
Wallace, Karen: Mary

Novels
Dickens, Charles: Oliver Twist
Elfman, Blossom: First Love Lives Forever
Gibbons, Kaye: Ellen Foster
Momaday, N. Scott: House Made of Dawn, The Ancient Child
Mourning Dove: Cogewea: The Half-Blood
Panshin, Alexi: Rite of Passage
Silko, Leslie Marmon: Ceremony
Stine, Robert L.: Twisted
Welch, James: Winter in the Blood
Nonfiction
Sheehy, Gail: Passages

Video Games
Grand Theft Auto Franchise
Images of Rites of Passage

Key Concepts and Problems
What is initiation/rite of passage? What actually changes as the result of an initiation or rite of passage? What is the character initiated into? What state is the character leaving? Could the character have made the same transformation without the rite of passage? Why or why not? How does the character change during the story?

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SECRECY & DECEPTION

Handy Links
The Theme Of Secrets In Asian-American Literature
Deception in Literature
The Psychology of Self-Deception as Illustrated in Literary Characters
Deception in Literature

Poems
Agee, James: No Doubt Left . . .
Blake, William: A Poison Tree
Booth, Philip: Was a Man
Browning, Robert: My Last Duchess
Cameron, Norman: The Compassionate Fool
Collins, Billy: Embrace
Dickinson, Emily: I cannot live with you
Donne, John: The Flea
Fearing, Kenneth: Dirge
Gibson, Walker: Advice to Travelers
Gioia, Dana: Unsaid
Hardy, Thomas: Satires of Circumstance
Kunitz, Stanley: The Portrait
Martial (translated by J.V. Cunningham)
Robinson, Edwin Arlington: Richard Cory; How Annandale Went Out
Sexton, Anne: For My Lover, Returning to His Wife
Stafford, William: A Ritual to Read to Each Other; Any Morning
Stokesbury, Leon: Evenings End
Wilson, Keith: Growing Up

Songs
Favorite Song About Deception...
Songs about Deception
Guardian's Recommended Songs about Deception 1
Guardian's Recommended Songs about Deception 2
Songs about Women who are Deceptive, Dangerous, or Evil
Songs about Liars, Lies, and Deception
Songs about Secrets
Songs about Secrets
Guardian's Recommended Songs about Secrets
Songs about Secrets

SELF RELIANCE

Handy links:
Self-Reliance
Essays on Self Reliance Walden Transcendentalism

In the Virtual Library, see the following (Important Note!!: Google's Internet Browser, Google Chrome, has some compatibility issues with the files within the Virtual Library. This is a problem with Google's pdf plug-in, and not the files in the library. Explorer and Safari should work.):
Going Against the Grain to Find Your Identity: A Seven Week Conceptual Unit on Huckleberry Finn (2001) by Margaret Robbins
Voice, Power, Identity: Guide to Choosing a Path and a Place (2002) by Heather Ely
Identity: Coming to Know One's Self through Literature (2002) by Shawn Pate
Detail and Voice: A Five-Week Unit on Fleshing Out One's Own Voice in Writing (2002) by Leah N. Franklin
The Exploration of Self within Society (2002) by Holly Frilot and Aleigh Tubiak
The Importance of Seeking Knowledge (2002) by Stephen Lindsay
Freedom and Identity (2002) by Mandy Brown, Meghann Hummel, Sarah Mann, Jason Taylor, and Beth Wright
Individual Liberty (2003) by Teresa McDaniel
A Sense of Self (2003) by Jennifer Feldman, Melissa Lynn, & Amy Winter
I Sing Myself (2003) by Jennifer Astrin, Sarah Fletcher, Ross Gericke, Paul Filush
Identity: How We See Ourselves and Others (2004) by Lara Sniffin
I Will Speak Up! For Myself, For My Friends, and For What I Believe In! (2005) by Allison Estey
Who am I? A Unit of Self-Discovery through Literature (2007) by Tara Stuart

Writing by Teenagers
Merlyn's Pen search engine for writing by teens about identity
Concord Review writing by teens: Emerson Prize Winners
Teen Voices Online: Self-Awareness

Poetry
Auden, W. H.: The Unknown Citizen
Dickey, James: The Bee
Dickinson, Emily: The Soul selects her own Society, There is a solitude of space
Frost, Robert: Into My Own, The Silken Tent, The Road Not Taken, Desert Places
Moore, Marianne: The Mind Is an Enchanting Thing
Nemerov, Howard: Life Cycle and the Common Man
Reid, Alistair: Curiosity, Propinquity
Swenson, May: The Pure Suit of Happiness
Taggard, Genevieve: The Enamel Girl
Whitman, Walt: Song of Myself, A Noiseless Patient Spider
Wordsworth, William: I Wandered Lonely As a Cloud

Short Stories
Melville, Herman: Bartleby the Scrivener, The Piazza

Novels
Baldwin, James: Nobody Knows My Name
Gibbons, Kaye: Ellen Foster
Melville, Herman: Moby Dick
Twain, Mark: Huckleberry Finn

Nonfiction (Essays)
Emerson, Ralph Waldo: Self Reliance
Thoreau, Henry David: Civil Disobedience

Drama
Lawrence, Jerome, & Lee, Robert E.: The Night Thoreau Spent in Jail

Films
Cool Hand Luke
The Lost Weekend
On the Waterfront

Video Games
Zelda Franchise
Metal Gear Solid Franchise

Images of Self-Reliance

Key Concepts and Problems
What is self reliance? To what extent should an individual interact with and be influenced by society? What distinguishes self reliance, anarchy, alienation, and self centeredness? What are the advantages and disadvantages of self reliance? Do you agree with the author's viewpoint? Compare the basis of authority of the self to the basis of authority of society. How does a self reliant attitude influence one's behavior in relationships?

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SUBSTANCE ABUSE

Handy Links
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration
EMedicine Health: Substance Abuse
Drug Abuse and Addiction
National Institutes of Health: National Institute on Drug Abuse
What is Substance Abuse?
Georgia Council on Substance Abuse
Substance Abuse Theme Page

In the Virtual Library, see the following (Important Note!!: Google's Internet Browser, Google Chrome, has some compatibility issues with the files within the Virtual Library. This is a problem with Google's pdf plug-in, and not the files in the library. Explorer and Safari should work.):
“Don’t Do Drugs” 9th grade by Katie D'Sousa

Online Lesson Plans
Substance Abuse Lesson Plans
Deadly Highs: Substance Abuse
Drug Abuse Lesson Plan
Lesson Plan for Drug and Alcohol Abuse
Lesson Corner: Substance Abuse
Lesson Plan Central: Substance Abuse

Images of Substance Abuse

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SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY

Handy links:
Wikipedia entry on Social Responsibility
Educating for Personal and Social Responsibility: A Review of the Literature

In the Virtual Library, see the following (Important Note!!: Google's Internet Browser, Google Chrome, has some compatibility issues with the files within the Virtual Library. This is a problem with Google's pdf plug-in, and not the files in the library. Explorer and Safari should work.):
Educational Issues as a Medium through Which We Educate (2004) by Dana Buxton & Paul Kramer
America at War with Itself: Social versus Personal Responsibility (2007) by Caitlin George
I always feel like, somebody’s watching me…Teaching 1984 and the power of government (FSU) by Sarah Brown
If we won’t, who will? A unit about social responsibility (FSU 2011) by Juan Cruz Mendizabal
Individuality v. Sense of Community: A 7th Grade English/Language Arts Unit (2013) by Patrick Yawn

Online Lesson Plans
Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute: Photojournalists for Social Change
Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute: Teaching Responsibility to Children in Different Cultures through Film and Literature Stories

Writing by Teenagers
Merlyn's Pen search engine for writing by teens about social commentary

Poetry
Coleridge, Samuel Taylor: Work Without Hope
cummings, e. e.: i sing of Olaf, glad and big
Durem, Ray: Award
Hughes, Langston: I, Too, Sing America
Overstreet, Bonaro W.: John Doe, Jr.
Patchen, Kenneth: Nice Day for a Lynching

Short Stories
Bennett, Hal: Dotson Gerber Resurrected
Camus, Albert: The Adulterous Woman
Cheever, John: The Swimmer
Crane, Stephen: The Open Boat
Hawthorne, Nathaniel: My Kinsman, Major Molineux
Oates, Joyce Carol: Saul Bird Says: Relate! Communicate! Liberate!
Wright, Richard: The Man Who Saw the Flood

Novels
Faulkner, William: Intruder in the Dust
Hawthorne, Nathaniel: The Scarlet Letter
Heller, Joseph: Catch 22
Orwell, George: 1984
Parks, Gordon: A Choice of Weapons
Porter, Katherine Anne: Ship of Fools
Sinclair, Upton: The Jungle
Stein, Gertrude: Three Lives
West, Rebecca: The Thinking Reed

Nonfiction
Emerson, Ralph Waldo: The American Scholar
Thoreau, Henry David: Walden

Drama
Arrabal, Fernando: Picnic on the Battlefield
Lawrence, Jerome, & Lee, Robert E.: The Night Thoreau Spent in Jail
Miller, Arthur: A View from the Bridge
Shaw, George Bernard: Major Barbara

Song
Johnny Clegg & Savuka: One (Hu)man, One Vote

Games
Stag Hunt
Coordination Game
Diner's Dilemma
Volunteer's Dilemma

Video Games
Prince of Persia Franchise

Images of Social Responsibility

Key Concepts and Problems
What is the individual's relationship to society? What types of obligations (moral, legal, etc.) does a citizen have to society? How do we fulfill these obligations? What happens if we do not? What must we sacrifice for the greater good? How do we lose from this sacrifice? How do we gain?

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SUCCESS

Handy links:
Success Classics

In the Virtual Library, see the following (Important Note!!: Google's Internet Browser, Google Chrome, has some compatibility issues with the files within the Virtual Library. This is a problem with Google's pdf plug-in, and not the files in the library. Explorer and Safari should work.):
Greed (2004) by Emily Robinson
Setting Goals and Making Choices Based on Definitions of Personal Success (FSU 2011) by Iris Moore
Perceptions of Success and The American Dream: How Culture Influences Our Beliefs (2012) by Ted Davis
The Great Gatsby: Finding the Past in the Present (2013) by Tiffany Chu

Online Lesson Plans
Read-Write-Think: A Poem of Possibilities: Thinking about the Future
Read-Write-Think: A Significant Influence: Describing an Important Teacher in Your Life

Writing by Teenagers
Merlyn's Pen search engine for writing by teens about greed
Merlyn's Pen search engine for writing by teens about money
Merlyn's Pen search engine for writing by teens about success

Poetry
W.H. Auden: The Unknown Citizen
Victor Contoski: Money
Emily Dickinson: Success is Counted Sweetest
Robert Frost: The Road Not Taken
Edwin Arlington Robinson: Richard Cory
Charles Shagoury: Schizophrenia on Madison Avenue
Percy Bysshe Shelley: Ozymandias

Short Story
Willa Cather: The Sculptor's Funeral
Ernest Hemingway: The Short Happy Life of Francis McComber
James Thurber: The Secret Life of Walter Mitty

Novel
Horatio Alger: Struggling Upward, or, Luke Larkin's Luck
Rudolfo Anaya: Bless Me, Ultima
Charles Dickens: Great Expectations
F. Scott Fitzgerald: The Great Gatsby
Aimee E. Liu: Face (Face)
James V. Marshall: Walkabout
Ann Lane Petry: The Street
H. G. Wells: The Island of Dr. Moreau, The Time Machine
Oscar Wilde: The Picture of Dorian Gray
Tom Wolf: Bonfire of the Vanities

Play
Lorraine Hansberry: A Raisin in the Sun
Arthur Miller: Death of a Salesman
Rod Serling: Requiem for a Heavyweight
William Shakespeare: MacBeth
August Wilson: The Piano Lesson

Film
Clockers
The Devil Wears Prada
Dreamgirls
Fearless
Forrest Gump
Good Will Hunting
His Girl Friday
Hollywood Shuffle
It's a Wonderful Life
La Bamba
Mr. Smith Goes to Washington
Primary Colors
You Can't Take It With You
Throne of Blood
Scotland, Pa.
The King of Kong: A Fistful of Quarters

Documentary Film
The Parking Lot Movie

Graphic Novels/Manga
Vance, James and Burr, Dan. Kings in Disguise

Essay
Ralph Waldo Emerson: The Conduct of Life

Song
Brooks, Garth: Against the Grain
Burton, Michael: Night Rider's Lament
Eminem: Lose Yourself
Madonna: Material Girl
Mitchell, Joni: Free Man in Paris

Media
Jon Stewart interview with Chris Matthews

TV shows
Mad Men

Games
Cournot Game
Dollar Auction
Pirate Game
Screening Game
Signaling Game
Traveler's Dilemma
War of Attrition
Ultimatum Game

Images of Success

Key Concepts and Problems
What values of a society help to determine what counts as success? Can success according to one criterion affect success according to another? If success is defined according to the acquisition of power and money, what are possible consequences for both the successful person and for others? Do different social and cultural groups define success in different ways? How can individual people develop systems of belief and codes of conduct that enable them to consider themselves to be a success?

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TAKING PERSPECTIVE

Handy Links
Wikipedia entry on Point of View (Literature)
Critical Literacy: Point of View
Smith, M. W. (1991). Understanding Unreliable Narrators. Urbana, IL: National Council of Teachers of English.

In the Virtual Library, see the following (Important Note!!: Google's Internet Browser, Google Chrome, has some compatibility issues with the files within the Virtual Library. This is a problem with Google's pdf plug-in, and not the files in the library. Explorer and Safari should work.):
Multicultural Literature (1999) by Mary Catherine Begnaud and Lee Evans
Reading a Work through the Lens of the Author (2006) by Peggy Wang
Differing Perspectives (2007) by Michael Williams
Perception versus Reality: And the greatness of Gatsby (2009) by Sunny Vidrine
Framing Narrative Perspectives: Looking at Narration in the Works of Virginia Woolf (2011) by Sarah Heim

Online Lesson Plans
Read-Write-Think: Spend a Day in My Shoes: Exploring the Role of Perspective in Narrative
Read-Write-Think: Book Report Alternative: A Character’s Letter to the Editor
Read-Write-Think: Critical Literacy: Point of View
Read-Write-Think: Promoting Diversity in the Classroom and School
Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute: A Moment in Time: Teaching Point of View Using Photography
Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute: The News Media’s Coverage of the Vietnam War
Learn NC: Is Mr. Wolf Really a Bad Guy?
Learn NC: School Uniforms: Point of View Writing
Learn NC: Teaching Point of View
Learn NC: George Washington and Frederick Douglass letters: Recognizing point of view and bias
Learn NC: Paired Writing: Hoover and FDR
Learn NC: Two perspectives on slavery: A comparison of personal narratives
National Geographic: Points of View in the News
National Endowment for the Humanities: Faulkner’s As I Lay Dying: Burying Addie's Voice
National Endowment for the Humanities: Faulkner’s As I Lay Dying: Crossing the River
National Endowment for the Humanities: Perspective on the Slave Narrative

Novels
Anderson, M. T.: The Astonishing Life of Octavian Nothing, Traitor to the Nation, Vol. 1: The Pox Party; The Astonishing Life of Octavian Nothing, Traitor to the Nation, Volume II: The Kingdom on the Waves

Film
Katrina's Children

Images of Perspective

Key Concepts and Problems
What perspective does a narrator's point of view provide on the story being told? What is missing? How might the story be told by a different narrator? To what extent is the narrator speaking from the perspective of the author? How reliable is the author's version of the story? What can you learn when reading works written by authors from outside your own cultural framework?

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TECHNOLOGY, NATURE, AND SOCIETY

Handy links:
The Role of Technology
Themes in Nadia
Literature, Science, and Technology: The Wonders of the World

In the Virtual Library, see the following (Important Note!!: Google's Internet Browser, Google Chrome, has some compatibility issues with the files within the Virtual Library. This is a problem with Google's pdf plug-in, and not the files in the library. Explorer and Safari should work.):
What it Means to be Human (2010) by Christopher Jones

Online Lesson Plans
Read-Write-Think: Paying Attention to Technology: Exploring a Fictional Technology
Read-Write-Think: Paying Attention to Technology: Reviewing a Technology
Read-Write-Think: Paying Attention to Technology: Writing Technology Autobiographies
Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute: Human-Environment Relations: International Perspectives from History, Science, Politics, and Ethics
Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute: Electronics in the 20th Century: Nature, Technology, People, Companies, and the Marketplace

Writing by Teenagers
Merlyn's Pen search engine for writing by teens about technology

Poetry
Blake, William: London, The Chimney Sweep
Hobson, Geary: Buffalo Poem #1
Wordsworth, William: The World Is Too Much with Us

Short Stories
Bruchac, Joseph: Bears
London, Jack: To Build a Fire
Szilard, Leo: Voice of the Dolphins
Updike, John: The Music School

Novels
Dickens, Charles: David Copperfield, Oliver Twist
Ing, Dean: Systemic Shock
Norris, Frank: The Octopus
Orwell, George: 1984
Sinclair, Upton: The Jungle
Smith, Martin Cruz: Stallion Gate
Steinbeck, John: The Grapes of Wrath

Nonfiction
Burke, James: Connections
Emerson, Ralph Waldo: Nature
Mailer, Norman: Of a Fire on the Moon
Thoreau, Henry David: Walden
Unabomber Manifesto
Wolfe, Tom: The Kandy Kolored Tangerine Flake Streamline Baby

Music
Clegg, Johnny: Into the Picture
Clegg, Johnny: Brave New World
Clegg, Johnny: New World Survivor
Jamiroquai: Virtual Insanity, Corner of the Earth

Films
Continental Divide
The Stepford Wives
Dr. Strangelove
2001: A Space Odyssey
Robocop

Video Games
Deus Ex

Images of Technology, Nature, and Society

Key Concepts and Problems
Does human nature change depending on whether the environment is dominated more by nature than by machine? How do machines affect the ways in which people live? How does the natural world affect the ways in which people live? When nature comes into conflict with technology, which one triumphs? Why? Is technological change positive, negative, or neutral? Why?

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TERRORIST OR FREEDOM FIGHTER?

Handy Links
Wikipedia entry on Guy Fawkes
Wikipedia entry on John Brown
Wikipedia entry on the Boston Tea Party
Violence and Harassment at U.S. Abortion Clinics
Wikipedia entry on Michael Collins
Wikipedia entry on Che Guevara
Wikipedia entry on Tom Barry
Encyclopedia Britannica entry on Sinn Féin
Wikipedia entry on Al Qaeda
Wikipedia entry on the Chicago Seven
Wikipedia entry on Nat Turner
Wikipedia entry on Race Riots
The Origins of May First: Haymarket 1886 and the "Troublesome Element"
Wikipedia entry on the October (Bolshevik) Rebellion
Wikipedia entry on the Reign of Terror (French Revolution)
Wikipedia entry on FALN (Fuerzas Armadas de Liberación Nacional (Venezuela))
Wikipedia entry on FARC (The Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia – People’s Army)
Wikipedia entry on Domestic Terrorism in the US
Memorial Institute for the Prevention of Terrorism
Southern Poverty Law Center
Wikipedia entry on Militia Movement (United States)
Wikipedia entry on the James-Younger Gang
Wikipedia entry on Guerrilla Warfare
The Haitian Revolution
Wikipedia entry on Nelson Mandela
Wikipedia entry on Menachem Begin
Wikipedia entry on Steven Biko
Wikipedia entry on the Soweto Uprising
Wikipedia entry on the Earth Liberation Front
Wikipedia entry on Ergenekon

Fiction
Khalifeh, Sahar: Wild Thorns
Shaara, Jeff: Rise to Rebellion: A Novel of the American Revolution

Memoir
Collins, Michael: A Path to Freedom
Turner, Nat: The Confessions of Nat Turner

Nonfiction
Gellhorn, Martha: Justice at Night
Thoreau, Henry David: Plea for Captain John Brown
Unabomber Manifesto

Drama
Corrie, Rachel (Edited by Katherine Viner and Alan Rickman): My Name Is Rachel Corrie

Film
Michael Collins
V for Vendetta
Connolly
The Battle of Algiers
The Weather Underground
Leila Khaled, Hijacker
Shooter

Graphic Novels/Manga
Moore, Alan, & Lloyd, David: V for Vendetta
Nakazawa, Keiji: Barefoot Gen
Sacco, Joe: Palestine

Images of Terrorism and Freedom Fighters

Key Concepts and Problems
Through what actions can one be considered a terrorist? Through what actions can one be considered a freedom fighter? What defines a terrorist, and what defines a freedom fighter?Is it possible to be a terrorist from one perspective and freedom fighter from another? Do the ends justify the means when freedom is an issue? In what ways do characters and action from fiction, film, and other texts illuminate important issues in today's world?

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UTOPIAS AND DYSTOPIAS

Handy links:
Wikipedia entries on Utopias and Dystopias
Anti-Utopia
The Possibility of Utopia
Utopian Literature: A Selective Bibliography
Utopia & Dystopia

In the Virtual Library, see:In the Virtual Library, see the following (Important Note!!: Google's Internet Browser, Google Chrome, has some compatibility issues with the files within the Virtual Library. This is a problem with Google's pdf plug-in, and not the files in the library. Explorer and Safari should work.):
A Perfect World? (2005) by Jennifer Brown, Lindsey Giddens Stewart, & Jennifer Watson
Utopias and Dystopias (2009) by Elizabeth Jasperse
The Individual, The Society, and The Future (2009) by Katie Davis
Building Up and Breaking Down the Utopia in Dystopian Post Apocalyptic Texts (FSU) by Thomas DeCeglie
Individuality v. Sense of Community: A 7th Grade English/Language Arts Unit (2013) by Patrick Yawn

Online Lesson Plans
Read-Write-Think: Blogtopia: Blogging about Your Own Utopia
Read-Write-Think: Decoding The Matrix: Exploring Dystopian Characteristics through Film
Read-Write-Think: Decoding the Dystopian Characteristics of Macintosh’s “1984” Commercial

Short Stories
Benet, Stephen Vincent: By the Waters of Babylon
Bradbury, Ray: There Will Come Soft Rains, The Pedestrian, A Sound of Thunder
Datlow, Ellen, & Windling, Terri (Editors): After: Nineteen Stories of Apocalypse and Dystopia
Dick, Phillip K.: Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep
Forster, E. M.: The Machine Stops
Grigoriev, Vladimir: The Horn of Plenty
LeGuin, Ursula: The Ones Who Walk Away from Omelas
Singer, Isaac Bashevis: Fool's Paradise
Vonnegut, Kurt, Jr.: Harrison Bergeron

Novels
Atwood, Margaret: The Handmaid's Tale
Bellamy, Edward: Looking Backward
Butler, Samuel: Erewhon
Christopher, John: The Tripods series
Dante: The Divine Comedy
Golding, William: Lord of the Flies
Graves, Robert: Watch the North Wind Rise
Hudson, W. H.: A Crystal Age
Huxley, Aldous: Brave New World
Lowry, Lois: The Giverbr>McCarthy, Cormac: The Road
More, Sir Thomas: Utopia
Morris, William: News from Nowhere
Orwell, George: 1984
Proust, Francine: After
Rand, Ayn: Anthem
Skinner, B. F.: Walden Two
Swift, Jonathan: Gulliver's Travels
Tarde, Gabriel: Underground Man

Nonfiction
Erasmus: The Praise of Folly
Hamilton, Alexander, James Madison, and John Jay: The Federalist Papers
Lovins, Amory: Imagine a World...
Machiavelli: The Prince
Marx and Engels: The Communist Manifesto
Plato: The Republic
Plutarch: Lycurgus
Rousseau, Jean Jacques: The Social Contract
Wells, H. G.: A Modern Utopia
Wooden, Kenneth: The Children of Jonestown
Xenophon: Cyropedia

Song
Lennon, John: Imagine
Mitchell, Joni: Woodstock
MINDCRIME, DOUBLETHINK : Instructions for writing a paper based on Queensryche's Operation: Mindcrime and Orwell's Nineteen Eighty-Four 
 DYSTOPIA AND MUSIC : A critical analysis of the concept: "Mindcrime and Doublethink: Using Music to Teach Dystopian Literature" 

Comics/Graphic Novels
Moore, Alan, & Lloyd, David: V for Vendetta

Film
Howell, A. J.: Tia & Marco
Pak, Greg: Mr. Green
The Hunger Games
The Machine Stops
Terminator series
Matrix series

Video Games
Deus Ex
BioShock

Images of Utopias and Dystopias

Key Concepts and Problems
How is this society different from our own? What are the assumptions behind the author's utopian or dystopian vision? What are the consequences of such a society? Is the society envisioned by the author possible? Why or why not? What is the relationship between human nature and utopia?

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VALUES UNDER STRESS

Handy links:
The Search for Human Values in Literature
Teaching Jewish Values through Literature

In the Virtual Library, see:In the Virtual Library, see the following (Important Note!!: Google's Internet Browser, Google Chrome, has some compatibility issues with the files within the Virtual Library. This is a problem with Google's pdf plug-in, and not the files in the library. Explorer and Safari should work.):
Eye for an Eye, Tooth for a tooth (FSU) by Aubrey Sallenbach
Arthurian Ideals: Investigating Moral Character and Values (2011) by Jordan Rollins
Overcoming Adversity: Finding the Survivor in You (2013) by Lisa Madel

Online Lesson Plans
Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute: Building Character: Remaining Resilient, Resourceful, and Responsible in the Face of Adversity
Learn NC: A survivor's story: How does it really feel?

Writing by Teenagers
Merlyn's Pen search engine for writing by teens about choices
Merlyn's Pen search engine for writing by teens about ethics/morality

Short Stories
Benet, Stephen Vincent: By the Waters of Babylon
du Maurier, Daphne: The Birds
Kariara, Jonathan: Her Warrior
Kelley, William Melvin: Enemy Territory
Kimenye, Barbara: The Winner
Matheson, Richard: Duel
Niland, D'Arcy: The Parachutist
Nzioki, J. Mutuku: Not Meant for Young Ears

Novels
Auel, Jean: The Clan of the Cave Bear
Bradbury, Ray: The Martian Chronicles
Cather, Willa: O Pioneers!
Childress, Alice: A Hero Ain't Nothin' But a Sandwich
Clarke, Arthur C.: Childhood's End
Farrell, James: Studs Lonigan trilogy
Jackson, Shirley: We Have Always Lived in the Castle
Kayira, Legson: I Will Try
London, Jack: The Call of the Wild
Momaday, N. Scott: House Made of Dawn
Rolvaag, O. E.: Giants in the Earth
Solzenitzen, Alexander: One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich
Theroux, Paul: The Mosquito Coast
Wells, H. G.: The War of the Worlds

Nonfiction
Elder, Lauren, with Shirley Streshinsky: Survival
Krakauer, Jon: Into Thin Air

Autobiographies
Brown, Claude: Manchild in the Promised Land

Films
Do the Right Thing
School Daze
Seven Beauties

Documentary Films
Examined Life

Games
Prisoner's Dilemma

Video Games
Fable Franchise

Images of Values

Key Concepts and Problems
What values are under stress? What factors are causing stress? How does the character respond to the stress? What is the outcome? How do the character's values withstand the stress? How does the character change during the story? What is the relationship between survival and values? When will values triumph? When will the need to survive triumph?

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WAR AND PEACE

Handy Links:
The Atomic Bomb: How It Was Built, Why It Was Used, and How It Changed The World
Johannessen, L. (1992). Illumination Rounds: Teaching the Literature of the Vietnam War. Urbana, IL: National Council of Teachers of English
First World War Literature
Writers and Literature of the Great War
War Literature
First World War Poets and Prose
History of War Literature
A Sampler of Civil War Literature
Guide to Civil War Novels
Civil War in Literature
The Literature of War

In the Virtual Library, see the following (Important Note!!: Google's Internet Browser, Google Chrome, has some compatibility issues with the files within the Virtual Library. This is a problem with Google's pdf plug-in, and not the files in the library. Explorer and Safari should work.):
The Vietnam War (1998) by Michawne Heess & Kimberly Stembridge
Literature of the Holocaust: A Study of Human Issues (2002) by Erin Rose Wilder
War: What is it good for? (2004) by Brant Chesser
Preserving Memory: Holocaust Literature and the Quest for Remembrance (2006) by Mary Michael Sellers
Journeys of Grief: the Quest of War, Inward and Out (2007) by Naomi White
Walking Across Egypt By Clyde Edgerton: Exploring the Social Limitations of Age and Youth

Online Lesson Plans:
Read-Write-Think: Building Vietnam War Scavenger Hunts through Web-Based Inquiry
Read-Write-Think: In the Style of Ernie Pyle: Reporting on World War II
Read-Write-Think: Love of War in Tim O’Brien’s “How to Tell a True War Story”
Read-Write-Think: Worth Its Weight: Letter Writing with “The Things They Carried”
Read-Write-Think: Honoring Our Veterans Through Poetry Prewriting
Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute:War Photography: Propaganda, Outrage, and Empathy
Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute: From Slaves to Soldiers: African Americans and the Civil War
Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute: The Holocaust: Survival Stories
Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute: War and Peace in the Twentieth Century
Kennedy Center ArtsEdge: Children of War
Learn NC: Civil War Journals
Learn NC: Living History - Civil War
Learn NC: Stories From the Holocaust
Learn NC: War Is...
National Endowment for the Humanities: Holocaust and Resistance
National Endowment for the Humanities: Lincoln Goes to War

Writing by Teenagers
Merlyn's Pen search enine for writing by teens about the Apocalypse
Merlyn's Pen search engine for writing by teens about war

Poetry
Brooke, Rupert: The Soldier
Crane, Stephen: War Is Kind
Hardy, Thomas: The Man He Killed
Melville, Herman: Battle Pieces
Owen, Wilfred: Greater Love; Futility; Sonnet: On Seeing a Piece of Our Artillery Brought into Action; Anthem for a Doomed Youth; Strange Meeting
Larsen, Wendy Wilder, and Tran, Thi Nga: Deciding
Floyd, Bryan Alec: Private Rex Jones U.S.M.C.
Berry, Jan: Floating Petals
Ehrhart, W. D.: Fragment: 5 September 1967

Short Stories
Belin, Esther: indigenous irony
Bierce, Ambrose: Parker Adderson, Philosopher
D'J Pancake, Breece: The Honored Dead
Fowler, Karen Joy: Letters from Home
Grau, Shirley Ann: Homecoming
Heinemann, Larry: The First Clean Fact
Mailer, Norman: The Language of Men
O'Brien, Tim: Don't I Know You
Robinson, Kim Stanley: The Monument
Roscoe, Judith: Soldier, Soldier
Rossman, Michael: The Day We Named Our Child We Had Fish For Dinner
Szilard, Leo: Voice of the Dolphins

Novels
Crane, Stephen: The Red Badge of Courage
Frazier, Charles: Cold Mountain
Halberstam, David: One Very Hot Day
Heller, Joseph: Catch 22
Hemingway, Ernest: A Farewell to Arms
Jones, James: From Here to Eternity
Mahfouz, Naguib: Love in the Rain
Mailer, Norman: The Naked and the Dead
Mason, Bobbie Ann: In Country
O'Brien, Tim: Going After Cacciato, The Things they Carried
Remarque, Erich Maria: All Quiet on the Western Front
Shaara, Michael: The Killer Angels

Collections
Berube, Allan (Editor): Coming Out Under Fire
Kingston, Maxine Hong (Editor): Veterans of War, Veterans of Peace

Films
Apocalypse Now
The Bridge on the River Kwai
Coming Home
The Deerhunter
Platoon
Saving Private Ryan
The Thin Red Line
Nanking
Grave of the Fireflies

Memoirs/Autobiographies
Beah, Ishmael: A Long Way Gone: Memoirs of a Boy Soldier
Lamb, Christina: House of Stone: The True Story of a Family Divided in War-Torn Zimbabwe

Nonfiction
Scroggins, Deborah: Emma's War
Kennedy, John F.: Commencement Address at American University, June 10, 1963

Songs
Neil Young's Directory of Anti-War Songs
“Question of the Week: Why has there been a dearth of protest songs”
Battle Hymn of the Republic
Barenaked Ladies: Helicopters, Fun & Games
Caissons Go Rolling Along
Chao, Manu: Rainin' in Paradize
Clegg, Johnny: Inevitable Consequence of Progress
Clegg, Johnny: Boy Soldier
Creedence Clearwater Revival: Fortunate Son
Michael Franti And Spearhead: Light up Ya Lighter
The Fifth Dimension: The Age of Aquarius
Haggard, Merle: The Fighting Side of Me, Okie from Muskogee
Hendrix, Jimi: Machine Gun
Jal, Emmanuel: Ceasefire, WARchild
Jefferson Airplane: Volunteers
Joel, Billy: Christmas in Fallujah
Key, Francis Scott: The Star Spangled Banner
Kingston Trio: Where Have all the Flowers Gone?
Lennon, John: Give Peace a Chance, Merry X-mas (The War is Over)
Lynn, Loretta: Dear Uncle Sam
Marine's Hymn (Halls Of Montezuma)
Sadler, Barry: Ballad of the Green Berets
Springsteen, Bruce: Magic
When Johnny Comes Marching Home
Wright, Johnny: Hello Vietnam
The Youngbloods: Get Together

Graphic Novel/Manga
Donna Barr: The Desert Peach: Tongue
Will Eisner: Last Day in Vietnam: A Memoir
Kubert, Joe. Fax from Sarajevo
Nakazawa, Keiji. Barefoot Gen
Spiegelman, Art: Maus: A Survivor's Tale; Maus II: From Mauschwitz to the Catskills

Games
Peace War Game

Video Games
Wikipedia World War II video games entry
Wikipedia List of World War I video games
Civil War & Military Games
Wikipedia Vietnam War video games

Images of War and Peace

Key Concepts and Problems
What are the characters' reasons for going to war? What do they learn from their experiences? How do they change? What are the reasons for the fighting? What are the characters' visions of peace, before and after their experience in war? How do the characters' attitudes toward war change?

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GENRES & ARCHETYPES

ALLEGORY

Handy Links
MSN Encarta entry on Allegory
Wikipedia entry on Allegory
Allegory magazine
Dictionary of the History of Ideas: Allegory in Literary History

In the Virtual Library, see the following (Important Note!!: Google's Internet Browser, Google Chrome, has some compatibility issues with the files within the Virtual Library. This is a problem with Google's pdf plug-in, and not the files in the library. Explorer and Safari should work.):
Fairy Tales, Folk Tales, and Intertextuality: A Unit for Tenth Grade World Literature (2010) by Audrey Jordan
Fairies and Folk: A Unit Exploring Fairytales and Folklore From the Modern Perspective (FSU 2011) by Christina DiBella

Online Lesson Plans
Read-Write-Think: Exploring Change through Allegory and Poetry

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THE BLUES

In the Virtual Library, see the following (Important Note!!: Google's Internet Browser, Google Chrome, has some compatibility issues with the files within the Virtual Library. This is a problem with Google's pdf plug-in, and not the files in the library. Explorer and Safari should work.):
Blues Music in Literature (2013) by Lacey Crump

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COMEDY

In the Virtual Library, see the following (Important Note!!: Google's Internet Browser, Google Chrome, has some compatibility issues with the files within the Virtual Library. This is a problem with Google's pdf plug-in, and not the files in the library. Explorer and Safari should work.):
Investigations into Literary Humor (2013) by Catherine Vandenberg

Novels
Austen, Jane: Pride and Prejudice
Bellow, Saul: Henderson the Rain King, Herzog
Burgess, Anthony: Enderby
Fielding, Henry: Tom Jones
Hughes, Langston: Not Without Laughter
Smith, Lee: Family Linen, Oral History
Toole, John Kennedy: A Confederacy of Dunces
Wodehouse, P.G.: The Inimitable Jeeves

Drama
Barrie, J.M.: The Admirable Crichton
Chase, Mary: Harvey
Coward, Noel: Weatherwise
Gay, John: The Beggar's Opera
Goldsmith, Oliver: She Stoops to Conquer
Jonson, Ben: Volpone
Moliere: Tartuffe; en Français
Shakespeare, William: A Midsummer Night's Dream, Much Ado About Nothing, As You Like It
Sheridan, Richard Brinsley: The Rivals, The School for Scandal
Wilde, Oscar: The Importance of Being Earnest

Spoken Word
DJ Jazzy Jeff and the Fresh Prince: I think I can beat Mike Tyson
DJ Jazzy Jeff and the Fresh Prince: Parents Just Don't Understand

Images of Comedy

Key Concepts and Problems
What literary techniques (irony and so forth) does the playwright use to achieve a comic effect? What purpose does the comedy have? Why is comedy an effective means of making a serious point? Do you laugh at yourself as you see humor in the drama? Why or why not? What are the characteristics of comic characters? What are typical characteristics of comic plots?

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THE DETECTIVE

Handy Links:
The Thrilling Detective
Wikipedia entry on Detective Fiction
Murder Squad: Crime Fiction to Die for
Detnovel.com
Crime Fiction
Court TV Crime Library
A Selective Index of Detective Fiction

Online Lesson Plans
Read-Write-Think: Expository Escapade—Detective’s Handbook
Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute: Detective Fiction: Its Use as Literature and as History
Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute: Gender, Race, and Milieu in Detective Fiction
Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute: Detective Fiction: Its Use as Literature and History
Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute: Society and the Detective Novel

Writing by Teenagers
Merlyn's Pen search engine for writing by teens about crime

Short Stories
Doyle, Sir Arthur Conan: Sherlock Holmes stories
Gilbert, Michael: The Oyster Catcher
Hocky, Mary: Stranger on the Night Train
Mayor, Ralph H., Jr.: The Buried Treasure of Oak Island

Novels
Chandler, Raymond: The Big Sleep
Christie, Agatha: Murder on the Orient Express, The Murder of Roger Ackroyd
Francis, Dick: Banker
Hoeg, Peter: Smilla's Sense of Snow
James, P. D.: Death of an Expert Witness, Shroud for a Nightingale
Murray, Stephen: A Cool Killing
Paretsky, Sara: Killing Orders, Deadlock, Indemnity Only
Peters, Elizabeth: The Deeds of the Disturber
Sayers, Dorothy L.: Murder Must Advertise
Scoppetone, Sandra: Playing Murder
Tey, Josephine: Brat Farrar
Wilzien, Valere: Murder at the PTA Luncheon

Graphic Novels/Manga
Michael Lark: Raymond Chandler's Philip Marlowe: The Little Sister

Video Games
Phoenix Wright: Ace Attorney
Crime Scene Investigation (CSI) Franchises

Images of Detectives

Key Concepts and Problems
What qualities does the detective have that help in solving crimes? What are typical patterns and properties of detective stories? What sorts of obstacles does the detective encounter? How does he or she overcome them? What qualities allow the detective to triumph over adversaries?

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THE EPIC HERO

Handy Links:
Wikipedia entry on the Epic Hero
A Story of Epic Proportions: What makes a Poem an Epic?
Heroes of the Anglo-Saxons
The Epic of Shahnameh Ferdowsi
Epic and Narrative, Forms, Poetry, Literature and . . .

In the Virtual Library, see the following (Important Note!!: Google's Internet Browser, Google Chrome, has some compatibility issues with the files within the Virtual Library. This is a problem with Google's pdf plug-in, and not the files in the library. Explorer and Safari should work.):
Heroes and the Human Condition (1999) by Eric Hasty, Dana Siegmund, and Jonathan Stroud
A Hero Lies in You (2003) by Elizabeth Gathers
Hero, Monster, Anti-hero (2006) by Allen Witt
Beowulf (2009) by Geoffrey Adams
Modernizing the Epic: Making the classics applicable to students and their lives by Stephanie Barker (FSU 2011)

Online Lesson Plans
Read-Write-Think: An Introduction to Beowulf: Language and Poetics
Read-Write-Think: Heroes Are Made of This: Studying the Character of Heroes
Read-Write-Think: Teaching the Epic through Ghost Stories
Read-Write-Think: Weaving the Old into the New: Pairing The Odyssey with Contemporary Works
Read-Write-Think: Heroes Around Us
Read-Write-Think: Looking for the Byronic Hero Using Twilight's Edward Cullen
Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute: Teaching the Epic of Gilgamesh
Learn NC: The Hero Connection: From Beowulf to Batman

Writing by Teenagers
Merlyn's Pen search engine for writing by teens about heroism

The Bible
David (Samuel 16 18; Kings 1 2)
Joseph (Genesis 37 50)
Moses (Exodus 1 19)
Ruth (The Book of Ruth)

Epic Poetry
Beowulf
The Epic of Gilgamesh
Homer: The Odyssey
The Song of Roland

Novels
Barth, John: The Sot Weed Factor
Bellow, Saul: Herzog
Clarke, Arthur C.: 2001: A Space Odyssey
Ellison, Ralph: Invisible Man
Gardner, John: Grendel
Hemingway, Ernest: The Old Man and the Sea, For Whom the Bell Tolls
Norris, Frank: The Octopus
Steinbeck, John: The Grapes of Wrath
Sykes, Gerald: The Center of the Stage

Graphic Novels/Manga
Superheroes from DC Comics
Superheroes from Marvel Comics
Other Superheroes
Kazuo Koike: Lone Wolf and Cub

Video Games
Halo Franchise
Legend of Zelda Franchise

Images of the Epic Hero

Key Concepts and Problems
What are the characteristics of an epic? What are the characteristics of the epic hero? What are the characteristics of the epic hero's quest? How are the different hero and quest elements similar and different from story to story? Why are such characters heroic? Do we have such heroes in society today? Why or why not?

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THE FOLK HERO

Handy Links:
From Trickster to Badman: The Black Folk Hero in Slavery and Freedom. - book reviews
Wikipedia entry on the Folk Hero
Traditional Literature. Lesson Plans
Cinderella Folk Tales: Variations in Character
Arabic Folk Literature

Online Lesson Plans
Read-Write-Think: Heroes Are Made of This: Studying the Character of Heroes
Read-Write-Think: Heroes Around Us

Writing by Teenagers
Merlyn's Pen search engine for writing by teens about heroism

Folk Tales/Legends
Irving, Washington: The Legend of Sleepy Hollow
Tales about such legendary figures as Crispus Attucks, Barney Beal, Bowleg Bill, Pecos Bill, Paul Bunyan and Babe, Annie Christmas, Mike Fink, John Henry, Jack the Giant Killer, Casey Jones, Joe Magarac, Betty Zane, and others.

Video Games
Legend of Zelda Franchise

Images of the Folk Hero

Key Concepts and Problems
What are the characteristics of the folk hero? What are the characteristics of the folk hero's quest? What types of obstacles does the folk hero encounter? What qualities enable the folk hero to triumph? What forces in a culture produce folk literature?

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FOOD & FEASTS

Songs about Food
Movies featuring Food
Literature built around Food
The Feast in Literature
The Feast in Film, Philosophy, and Fiction
Babette's Feast A Fable for Culinary France

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FRONTIER LITERATURE

Handy Links:
The Frontier in American Literature
American Frontier
The Frontier in American Literature by Lucy Lockwood Hazard
Frontier Literature

Novels
Allen, Hervey: The Forest and the Fort
Brown, Dee: Wave High the Banner
Cather, Willa: Obscure Destinies, My Antonia
Cooper, James Fenimore: The Last of the Mohicans, The Pioneers
Fletcher, Inglis: Roanoke Hundred
Forbes, Esther: Paradise
Garland, Hamlin: Moccasin Ranch
Giles, Janice Holt: Land Beyond the Mountains
MacLachlan, Patricia: Sarah Plain and Tall, Skylark
Mason, F. Van Wyck: The Young Titan
Mourning Dove: Cogewea: The Half-Blood
Richter, Conrad: Free Man, Light in the Forest
Rolvaag, O. E.: Giants in the Earth
Silko, Leslie Marmon: Ceremony
Swanson, Neil: The Silent Drum
Vaughan, Carter: The Invincibles
Welty, Eudora: The Robber Bridegroom
Widdemer, Margaret: The Golden Wildcat

Video Games
The Oregon Trail

Images of the Frontier

Key Concepts and Problems
What is the goal of the settlers? What is their attitude toward (a) nature, (b) Native Americans, and (c) the law? How do they try to achieve their goal? Who or what are their allies in achieving their goal? What are their obstacles? How do the properties of a frontier help determine the form of a frontier story? What are typical characteristics of heroes in frontier stories? How does the perspective of the narrator invite particular responses and sympathies of readers? What are the consequences of these responses and sympathies for developing a perspective on Western expansion and native people?

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GOTHIC LITERATURE

Handy Links
The Literary Gothic
Zittaw Press: Purveyors of the Trade Gothic
Wikipedia entry on Gothic Fiction
Gothic Literature Page
The Gothic and American Literature
Resources for the Study of Gothic Literature
Goth.net
The Goth culture: Its history, stereotypes, religious aspects, etc.
Gothic Undercurrents: Instructor Overview

In the Virtual Library, see the following (Important Note!!: Google's Internet Browser, Google Chrome, has some compatibility issues with the files within the Virtual Library. This is a problem with Google's pdf plug-in, and not the files in the library. Explorer and Safari should work.):
The Grotesque of the Gothic: From Poe to the Present (2007) by Amy Dyster Phillips
Fear, Darkness, & Mystery: A Unit on Gothic Literature (2010) by Shannon Cheek
Love and Death Within Gothic Short Stories and Poetry (FSU 2011) by Cameron Cinkus
Things That Go Bump in the Night: A Six Week Unit Study on Gothic Literature (2012) by Jennifer DeLong
The Tingle of Delighted Horror: An October Unit (2012) by Joey Morrow

Online Lesson Plans
Read-Write-Think: Ghosts and Fear in Language Arts: Exploring the Ways Writers Scare Readers

Gothic Images

Key Concepts and Problems
What characterizes Gothic Literature? How are Gothic themes present in today's society? Why do Gothic themes have enduring interest and appeal? What is the point of studying Gothic literature and other texts? Why might some people find Gothic themes offensive and dangerous? How might one respond to these criticisms?

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GRAPHIC NOVELS AND OTHER TEXTS

Handy Links:
Graphic Texts in the Classroom
Building an Online Community to Engage Adolescent Readers with Graphic Texts by Marc L. Ginsberg

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HARD-BOILED

Handy Links:
DMOZ Hard-Boiled
Wikipedia entry on Hard-Boiled Fiction
Hard-Boiled Mysteries
Hardboiled Heaven
Twists, Slugs and Roscoes: A Glossary of Hardboiled Slang

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HEROES AND VILLAINS

Handy Links:
American Film Institute's 100 Heroes and Villains
Top 100 Comic Book Villains of All Time
Marvel Comic Villains
50 Greatest Villains in Literature
10 Vilest Villains of Fictional Literature
Perceptions of Heroes and Villains in European Literature
The 50 greatest villains in literature
Villains in Literature
CNN Heroes

In the Virtual Library, see the following (Important Note!!: Google's Internet Browser, Google Chrome, has some compatibility issues with the files within the Virtual Library. This is a problem with Google's pdf plug-in, and not the files in the library. Explorer and Safari should work.):
Battle of the Villains (2010) by Lauren Niemeyer
What Makes a Hero: Exploring Traits of a Hero & the Plot of Their Story: A Unit on Story Elements and Characterization (FSU) by Colae Logueby
The Hero's Journey: Becoming the Hero of Your Own Life and Beyond: A Six Week Unit for 9th Grade CP (2012) by Morgan Peterson

Novels
MY HERO recommends these books for teenage readers
Anderson, Laurie Halse: Speak
Bauer, Joan: Rules of the Road
Buhold, Lois McMaster: Paladin of Souls
Farmer, Nancy: A Girl Named Disaster
Hurston, Zora Neale: Their Eyes Were Watching God
Kidd, Sue Monk: The Secret Life of Bees
Kingsolver, Barbara: The Bean Trees, Animal Dreams
Voigt, Cynthia: Homecoming

Essays on & Stories about Real Heroes
T.A. Barron: Young Heroes
Carnegie Hero Fund
Student essays on heroes
This I Believe hero essays

Memoir
Beals, Melba Pattillo: Warriors Don't Cry: A Searing Memoir of the Battle to Integrate Little Rock's Central High
Frank, Anne: The Diary of a Young Girl
Klein, Gerda Weissmann: All But My Life: A Memoir

Graphic Stories
Malala Yousafzai's I Have The Right

Images of Villains

Ted Talk
Winkler, Matthew: What makes a hero?

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HORROR & SUSPENSE

Handy Links:
Wikipedia entry on Horror Fiction
A Few Thoughts on the Horror Genre
Writers who've mastered the horror/suspense genre
Horror Films
Thriller and Suspense Films
Teaching the Horror Genre
Introduction to the Horror and Suspense Genre

In the Virtual Library, see the following (Important Note!!: Google's Internet Browser, Google Chrome, has some compatibility issues with the files within the Virtual Library. This is a problem with Google's pdf plug-in, and not the files in the library. Explorer and Safari should work.):
Horror and Suspense: Edgar Allan Poe (2009) by Alisa Swain

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HUMOR

In the Virtual Library, see the following (Important Note!!: Google's Internet Browser, Google Chrome, has some compatibility issues with the files within the Virtual Library. This is a problem with Google's pdf plug-in, and not the files in the library. Explorer and Safari should work.):
"What's So Funny?": Exploring Comedy, Humor, and Laughter (2012) by Taylor Schulze

THE JOURNEY

Handy Links:
Your Heroic Journey
A Ninth Grade Reading of The Odyssey
The Hero Journey: Not a Trip to Subway
Holding out for a Hero
Mythology: Gods, Heroes, and Universal Themes

In the Virtual Library, see the following (Important Note!!: Google's Internet Browser, Google Chrome, has some compatibility issues with the files within the Virtual Library. This is a problem with Google's pdf plug-in, and not the files in the library. Explorer and Safari should work.):
Journeys of Grief: the Quest of War, Inward and Out (2007) by Naomi White
Cool Runnings: “Peace be the Journey” (FSU) by Katherine Freniere
Planning for the Future (FSU) by Haley Byfield

Online Lesson Plans
Read-Write-Think: Traveling the Road to Freedom Through Research and Historical Fiction
Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute: Middle Passage: A Journey of Endurance
Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute: Odysseys: Nineteenth and Twentieth-Century African-American History Through Personal Narrative

The Bible
Exodus

Poetry
Browning, Robert: Childe Roland to the Dark Tower Came

Epic Poetry
Homer: The Iliad, The Odyssey

Short Story
Glancy, Diane: The Orchard
Hawthorne, Nathaniel: Young Goodman Brown
Renville, D.: Siobhan La Rue in Color

Novel
Adams, Richard: Watership Down
Hemingway, Ernest: The Old Man and the Sea
Melville, Herman: Moby-Dick
Momaday, N. Scott: The Way to Rainy Mountain
Mourning Dove: Cogewea: The Half-Blood
Silko, Leslie Marmon: Ceremony
Steinbeck, John: The Grapes of Wrath
Tolokien, J.R.R.: Lord of the Rings Trilogy
Twain, Mark: The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn

Nonfiction
Iyer, Pico: Video Night in Kathmandu: And Other Reports from the Not-So-Far East
Moon, William Least Heat: Blue Highways

Autobiography
Guthrie, Woody: Bound for Glory
Schlissel, Lillian (ed.): Women's Diaries of the Westward Journey

Film
El Norte
Thelma and Louise

Documentary Film
Trouble the Water
Darius Goes West

Song
Johnny Clegg & Savuka: Spirit is the Journey
Mitchell, Joni: Woodstock

Spoken Word
Nilsson, Harry: The Point

Video Games
The Longest Journey
American McGee's Alice
World of Warcraft
Everquest
Dark Age of Camelot
Star Wars Galaxies
Lord of the Rings Online

Images of the Journey

Key Concepts and Problems
What is the character's quest? What is the vehicle for the journey? What does the character value in getting there--that is, what does the character view as sacred, dispensable, profane? What help does the character receive along the way? How does he or she view this help? What physical and character traits enable the journey to continue? What changes does the character experience along the way? What destinations does the character reach? Ultimately, what is the meaning of the journey?

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MEMOIR

Handy Links:
Wikipedia entry on Memoir
Wikipedia list of authobiographies
Wikipedia list of memoirists

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METAFICTION

Handy links:
Wikipedia's list of metafictional texts
Theories of metafiction
Metafiction
Comparative Multi-Cultural Literature. Topic: Metafiction & Politics
Metafiction
DMOZ Metafiction

Images of Metafiction

Key Concepts and Problems:
What fictional devices are emphasized in the text? What relation between fiction and reality is posed? In what ways is the work ironic? What points is the author making through the metafictional presentation?

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MYSTERY

Handy Links:
Wikipedia entry on Mystery (fiction)
Yahoo! Literature > Mystery > Characters Links

Online Lesson Plans
Read-Write-Think: Everyone Loves a Mystery: A Genre Study

Images of Mystery

THE MYTHIC HERO

Handy links:
MythicHero.com
The Mythic Hero
Mythic Heroes
Mythic Hero's Questionnaire (Frey)
Myths of the Amazons

In the Virtual Library, see the following (Important Note!!: Google's Internet Browser, Google Chrome, has some compatibility issues with the files within the Virtual Library. This is a problem with Google's pdf plug-in, and not the files in the library. Explorer and Safari should work.):
Researching the World (Mythology) (2002) by Melanie Kee

Online Lesson Plans
Read-Write-Think: Heroes Are Made of This: Studying the Character of Heroes
Read-Write-Think: Heroes Around Us

Writing by Teenagers
Merlyn's Pen search engine for writing by teens about heroism

Mythology
Bellerophon
Jason
Orpheus
Perseus
Theseus
And many others

Video Games
God of War Franchise

Nonfiction
Information about such heroes, past and present, as Neil Armstrong, Calamity Jane, César Chávez, Joan of Arc, Benito Juárez, Molly Pitcher, John F. Kennedy, Martin Luther King, Jr., Teddy Roosevelt, Nelson Mandela, Laura Secord, Babe Ruth, Geronimo, Tecumseh, Mother Teresa, many others

Images of the Mythic Hero

Key Concepts and Problems
What are the characteristics of the mythic hero? What are the characteristics of the mythic hero's quest? What becomes exaggerated about a mythic hero? What gets overlooked?

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MYTHOLOGY

Handy Links
Wikipedia entry on Mythology
Encyclopedia Mythica
Mythology
Digital Librarian Mythology Links

In the Virtual Library, see the following (Important Note!!: Google's Internet Browser, Google Chrome, has some compatibility issues with the files within the Virtual Library. This is a problem with Google's pdf plug-in, and not the files in the library. Explorer and Safari should work.):
Creations (2000) by Michael Bryan and Melia Skorupski
Researching the World (Mythology) (2002) by Melanie Kee
A Different Dimension: Fantasy, Folktales, Myths and Legends (2004) by Taylor Culjan
Wonders of Mythology and Folklore (2005) by Kerri Singer
What is a Myth?: An Introduction to Mythology (2007) by Suzanne Butler
MythBusters: Exploring Mythology and Folklore from Around the World (2008) by Stephanie Markham
Monsters under Our Beds by John Kelly, University of Cincinnati

Online Lesson Plans
Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute: Cultures and Their Myths
Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute: Greek and Roman Mythology
Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute: Greek Civilization

Video Games
God of War Franchise

Images of Mythology

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NATIVE AMERICAN LITERATURE

In the Virtual Library, see the following (Important Note!!: Google's Internet Browser, Google Chrome, has some compatibility issues with the files within the Virtual Library. This is a problem with Google's pdf plug-in, and not the files in the library. Explorer and Safari should work.):

Voices and Identities in Native American Literature (2013) by Brittany Ann Moore

NEW PERSPECTIVES ON OLD STORIES

In the Virtual Library, see the following (Important Note!!: Google's Internet Browser, Google Chrome, has some compatibility issues with the files within the Virtual Library. This is a problem with Google's pdf plug-in, and not the files in the library. Explorer and Safari should work.):
Differing Perspectives (2007) by Michael Williams
Am I a “Weapon of Massive Consumption”? : Learning to Fire the Canon (2010) by Kelly Galloway

Online Lesson Plans
Read-Write-Think: Become a Character: Adjectives, Character Traits, and Perspective
Read-Write-Think: Comparing a Literary Work to Its Film Interpretation

Children's Stories
The Three Little Pigs/Jon Scieszka & Lane Smith: The True Story of the Three Little Pigs
Sleeping Beauty/Maleficent

Bible narratives
Luke Chapter 23/The Dream of the Rood

Ancient Tales
Beowulf/John Gardner: Grendel

Fiction
Louisa May Alcott: Little Women/Geraldine Brooks: March
L. Frank Baum: The Wizard of Oz/Gregory Maguire:Wicked: The Life and Times of the Wicked Witch of the West; Son of a Witch
Charlotte Bronte: Jane Eyre/Jean Rhys: Wide Sargasso Sea
Nathaniel Hawthorne: The Scarlet Letter/ Pearl
Margaret Mitchell: Gone with the Wind/Donald McDaig: Rhett Butler's People
Mark Twain: The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn/Jon Clinch: Finn
Vergil: Aeneid
Ursula K. Le Guin: Lavinia

Drama
William Shakespeare: Hamlet/Tom Stoppard: Rosencrantz & Guildenstern Are Dead

Key Concepts and Problems
How is a story different when told from another character's perspective? What changes in a reader's response when the narrative perspective changes? How might other stories be retold from the perspective of another character?

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PARODY

Handy links:
Wikipedia list of parodies
Parody videos
Funny song parodies
The Dr. Seuss Parody Page
Dumbentia
The Parody Pages
Song Parodies

Online Lesson Plans
Read-Write-Think: Literary Parodies: Exploring a Writer’s Style through Imitation<

Writing by Teenagers
Merlyn's Pen search engine for writing by teens about parody

Prose
Columns by distinctive writers such as Andy Rooney, Molly Ivins, Dave Barry
Several short stories by a writer with a distinctive style, such as Edgar Allan Poe
Several examples from a distinctive genre, such as lab reports, fairy tales, recipes, sports writing

Video Games
American McGee's Alice

Images of Parody

Key Concepts and Problems
What are the distinctive features of a writer's style? Consider (a) themes, (b) sentence structure, (c) commonly used words or word types, (d) point of view, (e) types of details, and (f) types of literary techniques. What are the distinctive features of a given genre in terms of structure? Assignment: To write a distinctive genre piece (such as a recipe, lab report, fairy tale, or sports writing) in the style of the writer studied.

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THE PICARESQUE HERO

Handy links:
Wikipedia entry on the Picaresque Novel
Picaresque Novel

Online Lesson Plans
Read-Write-Think: Heroes Are Made of This: Studying the Character of Heroes
Read-Write-Think: Heroes Around Us

Epic Poetry
Byron, George Gordon: Don Juan

Novels
Berger, Thomas: Little Big Man
Bellow, Saul: Henderson the Rain King, The Adventures of Augie March
Cary, Joyce: The Horse's Mouth
Cervantes, Miguel de: Don Quixote
Defoe, Daniel: Moll Flanders
Faulkner, William: The Rievers
Fielding, Henry: Tom Jones, Joseph Andrews
Goldman, William: The Princess Bride
Mann, Thomas: Confessions of Felix Krull, Confidence Man
Smollett, Tobias: Roderick Random
Swift, Jonathan: Gulliver's Travels
Twain, Mark: Huckleberry Finn
Voltaire: Candide

Images of the Picaresque Hero

Key Concepts and Problems
What are the characteristics of the picaresque hero? How does the protagonist fit this description? What does the hero learn from travel adventures? How is the hero affected by the lack of a stable family? What is the author trying to say about society, based on the adventures of the hero? What is the relationship between the characteristics of the hero and the form of the story?

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PINKBOOKS

Handy Links:
Pinkbooks
Oasis Magazine Pinkbooks.com

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PROTEST LITERATURE

Handy Links:
South African Resistance Art
Wikipedia entry on Protest
Wikipedia entry on the Stonewall Riots
Protest Literature
Tradition of American protest literature probed
Antislavery Literature Project
A Collaboration of Sites and Sounds: Using Wikis to Catalog Protest Songs
Protest Literature of the Dead Bald White Guys Meets Protest Music of All Colors: Using Music To Connect Students to American Revolutionary Literature

In the Virtual Library, see the following (Important Note!!: Google's Internet Browser, Google Chrome, has some compatibility issues with the files within the Virtual Library. This is a problem with Google's pdf plug-in, and not the files in the library. Explorer and Safari should work.):
Resistance Literature (1999) by Quiana Camp, Matt Davis, and Chelle Harris
Protest Literature and the American Experience (2003) by Derek Chelf
“Vociferous Voices from our Pitiless Past” A Unit on Protest Literature for 10th grade (FSU) by Elizabeth Schaick
A Multi-Genre Look At The Social Change Of The 1960’s and 1970’s, Grade 12 (FSU) by Samantha Buchweitz

Online Lesson Plans
Read-Write-Think: A Collaboration of Sites and Sounds: Using Wikis to Catalog Protest Songs
Read-Write-Think: Battling for Liberty: Tecumseh’s and Patrick Henry’s Language of Resistance
Read-Write-Think: Writing Free Verse in the “Voice” of Cesar Chavez
Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute: Poetry: The Medium of Choice for Political Unrest
Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute: Looking at Human Struggle Through The Language Arts Curriculum: The Faces of Slavery
Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute: Ethnicity and Dissent in American Literature and Art
Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute: Mohandas Gandhi: The Art of Nonviolence
Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute: Sing Two Stanzas and Rebel in the Morning: The Role of Black Religious Music in the Struggle for Freedom
Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute: The Sixties: Notes of Discord
National Endowment for the Humanities: Martin Luther King, Jr., and the Power of Nonviolence
National Endowment for the Humanities: Revolutionary Tea Parties and the Reasons for Revolution
Learn NC: "Civil Disobedience" excerpt seminar<

Writing by Teenagers
Merlyn's Pen search engine for writing by teens about protest

Poetry
Dunbar, Paul Laurence: Sympathy
Hughes, Langston: Dream Deferred, Ballad of the Landlord
Jeffers, Lance: On Listening to the Spirituals
McKay, Claude: The White House
Randall, Dudley: The Idiot

Short Stories
Freeman, Joseph: From Bohemia to Russia
Mailer, Norman: The Patron Saint of MacDougal Alley

Novels
Bellamy, Charles: The Breton Mills
Kesey, Ken: One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest
London, Jack: The Iron Heel
Orwell, George: Animal Farm
Sinclair, Upton: The Jungle
Ward, Elizabeth Stuart Phelps: The Silent Partner

Nonfiction
Anthony, Susan B.: Woman Wants Bread, Not the Ballot!
Catt, Carrie Chapman: Speech before Congress, 1917, 1904 to 1911: Is Woman Suffrage Progressing?
Cleaver, Eldridge: Soul on Ice
Dunbar, Roxanne: Female Liberation as the Basis for Social Revolution
Henry, Patrick: Speech to the Virginia Convention
Hentoff, Nat: The War on the Bill of Rights
Jefferson, Thomas: Declaration of Independence
King, Martin Luther, Jr.: Letter from Birmingham Jail
Mandela, Nelson: Statement on resisting apartheid
Paine, Thomas: The Crisis Papers
Thoreau, Henry David: Civil Disobedience

Autobiographies
Malcolm X with Alex Haley: The Autobiography of Malcolm X

Film
Cool Hand Luke
Do the Right Thing
Matewan
Norma Rae

Documentary Film
Eyes on the Prize series
American Experience: Stonewall Uprising
American Experience: Triangle Fire [women's labor strike]
Martin Luther King, Jr.: From Memphis to Montgomery
If We So Choose (short documentary on the integration of The Varsity in Athens, GA)

Song
Johnny Clegg & Savuka: One (Hu)Man, One Vote
Wikipedia entry on Protest songs
Protest songs
AFRICAN AMERICAN CIVIL RIGHTS {FREEDOM} SONGS

Images of Protest

Key Concepts and Problems
What conditions have prompted the protest? What steps does the writer suggest we take in making a protest? Is there a common series of steps that the writers suggest to take in protesting? Does the writer suggest the point at which we should abandon the protest that is, is a radical alternative such as violence appropriate in the situation in question? Is the protest justified? Why or why not? What are the differences between fictional and nonfictional protests? What are the typical forms of protest literature?

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PULP FICTION

Handy Links:
DMOZ Pulp Fiction
Wikipedia entry on Pulp Magazines
What was Pulp Fiction?
Serial and Government Publications Division: Pulp Fiction
Pulp Fiction Postcards!

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ROMANCE

Handy links:
Wikipedia entry on Romance
Romance Web Gateway
Yahoo Search: Romance: Literature

In the Virtual Library, see the following (Important Note!!: Google's Internet Browser, Google Chrome, has some compatibility issues with the files within the Virtual Library. This is a problem with Google's pdf plug-in, and not the files in the library. Explorer and Safari should work.):
Romantic Poetry-Defining Self-Expression and Imagination (2002) by Carly L. Plonka

Fairy Tales
Cinderella
Snow White

Mythology
Persephone
Perseus
Romulus and Remus

The Bible
Jesus (Matthew, Mark, Luke, John)
Moses (Exodus 1 19)

Poetry
Keats, John: La Belle Dame Sans Merci
Tennyson, Alfred: The Lotus Eaters

Short Stories
Colette: The Secret Woman
Collier, John: The Chaser
Hemingway, Ernest: Hills Like White Elephants
Poe, Edgar Allan: William Wilson

Novels
Bronte, Charlotte: Jane Eyre
Bronte, Emily: Wuthering Heights
Burroughs, Edgar Rice: Tarzan
Cain, James M.: The Postman Always Rings Twice
Cervantes, Miguel de: Don Quixote
Cheever, John: Oh, What a Paradise It Seems
Crutcher, Chris: Running Loose
Davis, Terry: Vision Quest
Estey, Dale: A Lost Tale
Golding, William: The Princess Bride
Holland, Isabelle: Summer of My First Love
Kerr, M. E.: Gentlehands, Him She Loves?, I Stay Near You
Lee, Mildred: The People Therein
Le Guin, Ursula: Very Far Away from Anywhere Else
Lipsyte, Robert: Jack and Jill
Lyle, Katie: Dark But Full of Diamonds
Malory, Sir Thomas: Le Morte d'Arthur
Marshall, Katherine: Christie
du Maurier, Daphne: Rebecca
Mazer, Harry: I Love You, Stupid!
McCullough, Colleen: The Thorn Birds
Mitchell, Margaret: Gone with the Wind
Myers, Walter Dean: Motown and Didi
Tolkien, J.R.R.: Lord of the Rings
Vonnegut, Kurt, Jr.: Slaughterhouse Five

Drama
Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von: Faust
Shakespeare, William: A Midsummer Night's Dream, Romeo and Juliet, The Tempest
West, Jessamyn: The Massacre at Fall Creek
Wilkinson, Brenda: Ludell and Willie
Zindel, Paul: The Pigman

Films
Fatal Attraction
Play Misty for Me

Images of Romance

Key Concepts and Problems
How does the world of innocence come into play in each selection? What kind of quest does the hero pursue in each story? How are they similar and different? How do magic, mystery, and miracles function in these selections? What roles do vision and revelation play in these selections? What sorts of fulfillment do the characters seek? What are the typical elements and patterns of romance? What problems tend to frustrate romantic possibilities in ironic romances? Why does irony so often enter into romantic stories?

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SATIRE

Handy links:
Wikipedia entry on Satire
Satire Wire
The Onion
Political Humor
The Purpose and Method of Satire
SatireSearch

In the Virtual Library, see the following (Important Note!!: Google's Internet Browser, Google Chrome, has some compatibility issues with the files within the Virtual Library. This is a problem with Google's pdf plug-in, and not the files in the library. Explorer and Safari should work.):
Teaching Cultural and Historical Literacy Through Satire (2005) by Christian Ehret

Online Lesson Plans
Read-Write-Think: From Dr. Seuss to Jonathan Swift: Exploring the History behind the Satire
Learn NC: Introduction to Animal Farm
Learn NC: Martin Luther's Reformation In Hugo's The Hunchback of Notre Dame

Fables
Aesop's Fables
di Prima, Diane (ed.): Various Fables from Various Places
Thurber, James: Fables for our Time

Cartoons
Breathed, Berke: Bloom County cartoons
Martin, Joe: Mr. Boffo cartoons
McGruder, Aaron: The Boondocks cartoons
Trudeau, Garry: Doonesbury cartoons

Poetry
Cleghorn, Sarah: The Golf Links Lie So Near the Mill
Clough, Arthur Hugh: The Latest Decalogue
cummings, e. e.: i sing of Olaf, glad and big
Donne, John: Song
Hardy, Thomas: Satires of Circumstance
Masters, Edgar Lee: selections from Spoon River Anthology
Robinson, Edwin Arlington: Miniver Cheevy
Sassoon, Siegfried: Base Details
Shelley, Percy Bysshe: Ozymandias
Smith, Stevie: The Zoo

Short Stories
Boll, Heinrich: Action Will Be Taken
Daudet, Alphonse: The Death of the Dauphin
King, Thomas: A Seat in the Garden
Machado, Anibal Monteiro: The Piano
Maupassant, Guy de: The Necklace
Saki: The Interlopers

Novels
Austen, Jane: Pride and Prejudice
Dickens, Charles: Hard Times
Heller, Joseph: Catch 22
Mahfouz, Naguib: Smalltalk on the Nile
Orwell, George: Animal Farm
Smiley, Jane: Moo
Swift, Jonathan: Gulliver's Travels
Twain, Mark: Huckleberry Finn, Pudd'nhead Wilson
Wibberley, Leonard: The Mouse That Roared

Drama
Patrick, John: Teahouse of the August Moon
Shaw, George Bernard: Arms and the Man
Wilde, Oscar: The Importance of Being Ernest

Nonfiction
Anderson, Jordon: To My Old Master, Colonel P.H. Anderson, Big Spring, Tennessee

Fake News
The Onion

Films
Being There
Dr. Strangelove
The Front Page
His Girl Friday
Hollywood Shuffle
Network
The Player
Wag the Dog
WALL-E

Graphic Novels/Manga
Beverly Red and Mitch Hall: Ignoring Binky: The Life and Times of Victor Evertor

Songs
Barenaked Ladies: Conventioneers, Fun & Games, Be My Yoko Ono, and many others
Tom Lehrer: Who's Next? and many others
Randy Newman: Short People and many others
Andre Tanker: Food Fight

Television
Portlandia

Images of Satire

Key Concepts and Problems
What is the definition of satire? What is the specific target of ridicule within the work? How does the satirist use character and event to ridicule the target? How does the ridicule of the target within the work apply to the real world? What are the satiric devices used in the selections and how are they used?

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SCIENCE FICTION

Handy links:
Wikipedia entry on Science Fiction
Wikipedia: List of Science Fiction Themes
Wikipedia entry on Cyberpunk
SciFi Channel
SF Site
SFF World
The Ultimate Science Fiction Web Guide
Science Fiction

In the Virtual Library, see the following (Important Note!!: Google's Internet Browser, Google Chrome, has some compatibility issues with the files within the Virtual Library. This is a problem with Google's pdf plug-in, and not the files in the library. Explorer and Safari should work.):
Science Fiction: Critiquing the Present, Exploring the Future (2004) by Joshua Dyer
Humanity and Science Fiction (2009) by Chiarita Rose
The Sky is Falling (2011) by Kaitlin Bevis
The Future of Us: Science Fiction and the Short Story (2011) by Nathan Lawrence

Online Lesson Plans
Read-Write-Think: Finding the Science Behind Science Fiction through Paired Readings
Read-Write-Think: Writing Alternative Plots for Robert C. O’Brien’s Z for Zachari

Writing by Teenagers
Merlyn's Pen search engine for writing by teens about aliens
Merlyn's Pen search engine for writing by teens about outer space
Merlyn's Pen search engine for writing by teens about sci-fi
Merlyn's Pen search engine for writing by teens about the supernatural

Short Stories
Selections from The Science Fiction Hall of Fame

Novels
Adams, Douglas: The Hitchhiker's Guide series
Asimov, Isaac: I, Robot; The Foundation series
Blish, James: Star Trek Logs
Brooks, Terry: Sword of Shannara series
Clarke, Arthur C.: Childhood's End; 2001: A Space Odyssey
Delaney, Samuel: Nova, The Einstein Intersection
Harrison, Harry: Stainless Steel Rat series
Heinlein, Robert: Stranger in a Strange Land
Herbert, Frank: Dune series
Le Guin, Ursula: Wizard of Earthsea trilogy
Lem, Stanislaw: Solaris
McCaffrey, Anne: Dragonriders of Pern series
Wells, H. G.: The War of the Worlds, The Time Machine
Zelazny, Roger: Amber series

Graphic Novels/Manga
Graphic Novels for Public Libraries: Science Fiction
The Comics Get Serious (includes Science Fiction listings)

Films
Invasion of the Body Snatchers
Star Wars
2001: A Space Odyssey
WALL-E
Directory of Science Fiction films

Video Games
Wikipedia Science fiction video games

Images of Science Fiction

Key Concepts and Problems
What are the conditions of the world the author has created? How is this world different from our own? How is it the same? What is the protagonist's quest? What obstacles does the protagonist face? How does he or she overcome them? How does the character change during the story? How is the author using the futuristic setting to make observations about today's people? How do the special conditions of the story relate to its form?

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STORYTELLING

In the Virtual Library, see the following (Important Note!!: Google's Internet Browser, Google Chrome, has some compatibility issues with the files within the Virtual Library. This is a problem with Google's pdf plug-in, and not the files in the library. Explorer and Safari should work.):
The Power of Storytelling: A Gateway into the Narrative (2011) by Lauren Rice
Defining Happily Ever After: Traditional, Realistic, and Personal (FSU 2011) by Sarah Mazza

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STREET FICTION

Handy Links:
StreetFiction.org
Wikipedia entry on Urban Fiction
Urban Fiction/Street Lit/Hip Hop Fiction Resources for Librarians
Street Fiction: Great Novels You Haven't Read Yet
Street Fiction: Urban Book Reviews and Author Interviews
Street Fiction: Writings about the grim realities of life in the projects and ghettos of America’s cities
Street Fiction

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TIME TRAVELERS

Handy links:
Wikipedia entry on Time Travel in Fiction (and many other genres) (includes many illustrations from literature and other genres)

In the Virtual Library, see:
Journey through Time with Literature: Past. Present. Future. (FSU 2011) by Nikki Smith

Television
Lost
Dr. Who

Images of Time Travel

Video Games
Prince of Persia: The Sands of Time

Key Concepts and Problems
What is the enduring appeal of stories about time travel? What do the fictional characters hope to accomplish by time travel? What sorts of problems do they encounter? Which goals are they able to meet, and why? How do time travel experiences affect the ways in which characters think about their own times?

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TRADING PLACES

Novels
DeVillers, Julia: Trading Faces
Dickens, Charles: A Tale of Two Cities
Fleischman, Sid: The Whipping Boy
Pierce, Tamara: Song of the Lioness series
Twain, Mark: The Prince and the Pauper

Movies
The Parent Trap
The Scapegoat
Trading Places

Drama
Plautus: The Brothers Menaechmus
Shakespeare, William: The Comedy of Errors

Television
Mad Men
The Riches

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THE TRAGIC HERO

Handy links:
Wikipedia entry on the Tragic Hero
The Dislocated Tragic Hero in Latvian Drama

Online Lesson Plans
Read-Write-Think: Heroes Are Made of This: Studying the Character of Heroes
Read-Write-Think: Heroes Around Us
Read-Write-Think: Happily Ever After? Exploring Character, Conflict, and Plot in Dramatic Tragedy
Learn NC: Oedipus the King Reader's Theatre

Writing by Teenagers
Merlyn's Pen search engine for writing by teens about heroism

Epic Poetry
Homer: The Iliad

Novels
Conrad, Joseph: Lord Jim
Hardy, Thomas: Tess of the D'Urbervilles
Mann, Thomas: Doctor Faustus
Updike, John: Rabbit Run
Wharton, Edith: Ethan Frome

Drama
Aeschylus: Prometheus Bound, Persae, Oresteia, Agamemnon
Chekhov, Anton: The Cherry Orchard
Euripides: Medea, Heracles
Ibsen, Henrik: Hedda Gabler, The Wild Duck
O'Neill, Eugene: The Emperor Jones
Shakespeare, William: Hamlet, King Lear, Macbeth, Othello
Shaw, George Bernard: St. Joan
Sophocles: The Oedipus Cycle, Prometheus Bound, Antigone

Film
Throne of Blood
Scotland, Pa.

Images of the Tragic Hero

Key Concepts and Problems
What are the characteristics of the tragic hero? How is the character affected by fate? Does the tragic hero have free will? What is characteristic of tragic plot structure? How do you feel about what happens to the tragic hero? What statement about life is the author making through the tragic hero?

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TRAVEL WRITING

Handy Links:
Literary Traveler
Travel Writing
Wikipedia entry on Travel Literature

Online Lesson Plans
Read-Write-Think: Beyond “What I Did on Vacation”: Exploring the Genre of Travel Writing

Twain, Mark: Life on the Mississippi, Roughing It, The Innocents Abroad, A Tramp Abroad, Following the Equator

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THE TRICKSTER

Handy links:
Wikipedia entry on the Trickster
The Trickster
Fool's Paradise
Native American Trickster Tales

Folk Tales/Fables/Children's Stories
Aesop: The Fox, the Crow, and the Cheese
Grimm, Jacob and Wilhelm: Little Red Riding Hood
Harris, Joel Chandler: Br'er Rabbit stories
La Fontaine: Reynard the Fox stories
Dr. Seuss: The Cat in the Hat, The Cat in the Hat Comes Back

The Bible
The Fall (Genesis 3)

Epic Poetry
Homer: The Odyssey
Milton, John: Paradise Lost

Short Stories
Alexie, Sherman: Somebody kept saying Powwow
Benet, Stephen Vincent: The Devil and Daniel Webster
Brant, Beth: Coyote Learns a New Trick
Conley, Robert J.: Wili Woyi
Dorris, Michael: Groom Service
Earling, Debra: Jules Bart, Giving too Much-August 1946
Henry, O.: The Ransom of Red Chief
Salisbury, Ralph: Aniwaya, Anikawa, and the Killer Teen-Agers
Twain, Mark: The Man That Corrupted Hadleyburg, The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County

Novels
Bulgakov, Mikhail: The Master and Margarita
Cary, Joyce: The Horse's Mouth
Dickens, Charles: Oliver Twist
Kesey, Ken: One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest
O'Brien, Flann: At Swim Two Birds
Twain, Mark: Tom Sawyer

Drama
Jonson, Ben: Volpone
Moliere: Tartuffe

Images of the Trickster

Key Concepts and Problems
What are the characteristics of the trickster? What are the trickster's motives? How does the trickster affect the other characters? Would you classify the trickster as good, or bad? Why? What are typical plot patterns involving tricksters?

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THE WESTERN

Handy links:
Wikipedia entry on the Western (genre)
Western Films
The Western: An Overview
Top Western Movies
Western Fiction
The Western Genre Fled Across the Desert, and Stephen King Followed
A Reading List for a Course in the Literature of the American West by John Wilson Jr

Novels
Berger, Thomas: Little Big Man
Cather, Willa: My Antonia
Clark, Walter Van Tilburg: The Ox Bow Incident
Faust, Frederick Schiller: Destry Rides Again
Ferber, Edna: Cimarron
Gann, Walter: The Trail Boss
Grey, Zane: Riders of the Purple Sage
Guthrie, A. B., Jr.: The Way West
L'Amour, Louis: The Ferguson Rifle, many others
Le May, Alan: The Searchers
Sandoz, Mari: Cheyenne Autumn
Schaefer, Jack: Shane

Film
Cheyenne August
High Noon
High Plains Drifter
The Searchers
The Unforgiven

Video Games
Wikipedia List of Western computer and video games

Images of the Western

Key Concepts and Problems
Describe the white characters' attitudes toward (a) nature, (b) Native Americans, and (c) the law. How does the author feel about the white characters' attitudes? How do the whites "settle" the land? What types of conflicts arise in the story? How are they resolved? With whom do your sympathies lie in the story? What are the common properties of Westerns?

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WILDERNESS ADVENTURES

Handy links:
Revisiting the Common Adventure Concept: An Annotated Review of the Literature, Misconceptions and Contemporary Perspectives
Scenic and Wilderness Travel Literature, c.1850-1920
Reviews of the Winners of the Literature Category National Outdoor Book Awards (NOBA)

In the Virtual Library, see the following (Important Note!!: Google's Internet Browser, Google Chrome, has some compatibility issues with the files within the Virtual Library. This is a problem with Google's pdf plug-in, and not the files in the library. Explorer and Safari should work.):
Adventure (1999) by Todd Hedden, Shane Orr, and Allison Shroyer
“On the Edge”: Suspenseful Literature (2007) by Amanda Paulk

Online Lesson Plans
Read-Write-Think: Choose Your Own Adventure: A Hypertext Writing Experience
Learn NC: Survival! A Lesson for Language Arts and Novice ESL Students

Writing by Teenagers
Merlyn's Pen search engine for writing by teens about adventure
Merlyn's Pen search engine for writing by teens about dreams/adventure

Short Stories
Buford, Jim: Swam Justice
Davidson, W. E.: The Jaguar Sprang to Kill
Freedman, Benedict and Nancy: Fire in the Wilderness
Judson, William: Survival on Cold River
McPhee, John: A Postponed Death
Vandercook, John W.: The Man Who Loved Elephants

Novels
Defoe, Daniel: Robinson Crusoe
Dickey, James: Deliverance
Stevenson, Robert Louis: Treasure Island
Theroux, Paul: Mosquito Coast
Verne, Jules: A Voyage to the Center of the Earth

Nonfiction
Brown, Joseph E.: The Mormon Trek West
Curry, Jane: The River's in My Blood: River Boat Pilots Tell Their Stories
DeVoto, Bernard (Ed.): The Journals of Lewis and Clark
Graham, Robin Lee: Home Is the Sailor
Heyerdahl, Thor: Kon Tiki; Aku Aku: The Secret of Easter Island; The Ra Expeditions
Lindemann, Hannes: Alone at Sea
Severin, Tim: The Brendan Voyage

Graphic Novels/Manga
William Nealy: Whitewater Home Companion. Volume 1: Southeastern Rivers

Video Games
Metal Gear Solid Four: Guns of the Patriots

Images of Wilderness Adventures

Key Concepts and Problems
What are the obstacles that the characters face? How do they overcome them? What are the characters' goals? What characteristics enable the characters to triumph? How do the characters benefit from their adventures? How does the environment affect the characters?

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STRATEGIES

ANIMALS AS SYMBOLS

Handy Links
Symbolism in Art
Aesop and Ananse: Animal Fables and Trickster Tales

In the Virtual Library, see the following (Important Note!!: Google's Internet Browser, Google Chrome, has some compatibility issues with the files within the Virtual Library. This is a problem with Google's pdf plug-in, and not the files in the library. Explorer and Safari should work.):
Animals as Symbols (2001) by E. Michelle Holbert

Online Lesson Plans
Learn NC: Elements of a Fable

Writing by Teenagers
Merlyn's Pen search engine for writing by teens about animals
Merlyn's Pen search engine for writing by teens about personification

Fables/Fairy Tales/Folk Tales
Aesop's Fables
Mother Goose Rhymes
Tales from Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm
Folk and Fairy Tales from Around the World
Folktales
Gigantic Folk Tale Archive
Phaedrus: The Fox and the Dragon, The Ant and the Fly
Tales of China
Tales of India
Tales of the Winnebago: The Hare

The Bible
The Golden Calf (Exodus 32, 33:1 6)
The Lost Sheep (Luke 15:3 7)

Poetry
Blake, William: The Tiger
Chalfi, Raquel: Porcupine Fish
Dickey, James: The Bee
Dickinson, Emily: "Hope" is the thing with feathers, A Narrow Fellow in the Grass
Lawrence, D. H.: Snake
Moore, Marianne: The Monkeys
Poe, Edgar Allen: The Raven
Rilke, Rainer Maria: The Panther
Roethke, Theodore: Snake
Schwartz, Delmore: The Heavy Bear
Tennyson, Alfred: The Eagle
Whitman, Walt: A Noiseless Patient Spider

Short Stories
Dahl, Roald: Poison
du Maurier, Daphne: The Blue Lenses
Hurst, James: The Scarlet Ibis
Jewett, Sarah Orne: The White Heron
Kipling, Rudyard: Just So Stories
London, Jack: To Build a Fire
Munro, Alice: Boys and Girls
Poe, Edgar Alan: The Black Cat

Novels
Adams, Richard: Watership Down
Kipling, Rudyard: Rikki Tikki Tavi
Orwell, George: Animal Farm

Songs
The Beatles: Piggies
Tunstall, K. T.: White Bird

Images of Animals as Symbols

Key Concepts and Problems
What do the characters represent? How can you tell? In what ways are the characters like people? What is the author saying about people, using the animals as symbols?

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CHARACTER AS SYMBOL

Handy Links
Allegory (Encyclopedia Britannica)
Allegory in the Middle Ages (Wikipedia)
Wikipedia entry on Symbolism in the Arts

Online Lesson Plans
Read-Write-Think: Analyzing the Purpose and Meaning of Political Cartoons
Read-Write-Think: Analyzing the Stylistic Choices of Political Cartoonists
Learn NC: Colors and Symbols of Stigmatization

Writing by Teenagers
Merlyn's Pen search engine for allegorical narratives by teens
Merlyn's Pen search engine for writing by teens about fables/parables

Political Cartoons
politicalcartoons.com
Daryl Cagle's Pro Cartoonists Home Page
News Blaze Political Cartoons
Comics.com
Library of Congress Political Cartoons
Wikipedia entry on Political Cartoons

Mythology
Daedalus and Icarus
Prometheus
Sisyphus

The Bible
The Members and the Body (1 Corinthians 12:12 30)
The Prodigal Son (Luke 15:11 32)
The Rich Man and Lazarus (Luke 16:19 31)
The Sower (Matthew 13:1 9, 18 23)

Poetry
Blake, William: The Chimney Sweeper
Eliot, T. S.: The Hollow Man
Overstreet, Bonaro W.: John Doe, Jr.
Robinson, Edwin Arlington: Miniver Cheevy
Thomas, Dylan: The Hand That Signed the Paper
Wordsworth, William: The Solitary Reaper

Short Stories
Cather, Willa: The Sentimentality of William Tavener
Cheever, John: The Swimmer
Collier, John: The Chaser
Connell, Evan, Jr.: The Condor and the Guests
Hawthorne, Nathaniel: Young Goodman Brown
Lawrence, D. H.: The Rocking Horse Winner
Poe, Edgar Allan: The Masque of the Red Death

Novels
Hawthorne, Nathaniel: The Scarlet Letter
Irving, John: A Prayer for Owen Meany
Melville, Herman: Billy Budd

Epic Poem
Bunyan, John: The Pilgrim's Progress from this world to that which is to come, delivered under the similitude of a dream

Drama
Miller, Arthur: The Crucible

Film
Platoon
Tron

Song
Johnny Clegg & Savuka: Woman be my Country

Images of Literary Character as Symbol

Key Concepts and Problems
Define symbol, allegory, and parable. What clues do you have that the characters are acting as symbols.? What do the characters and elements of the story symbolize? How do they work together consistently to form a pattern that we can interpret and draw conclusions from? What is the author trying to say through the symbols used in the story?

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CHARACTERIZING AN AUTHOR'S STYLE

Online Lesson Plans
Read-Write-Think: Using Microblogging and Social Networking to Explore Characterization and Style

Prose Writers
Faulkner, William: Barn Burning, stories from Go Down, Moses, Mule in the Yard, Old Man, Red Leaves, A Rose for Emily, Spotted Horses, That Evening Sun, Wash, selections from The Portable Faulkner
Hemingway, Ernest: Stories from In Our Time, Old Man at the Bridge, The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber , The Snows of Kilimanjaro
Twain, Mark: The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County, A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court, Life on the Mississippi, The Stolen White Elephant, The Mysterious Stranger, Pudd'nhead Wilson

Poets
Dickinson, Emily: Dear March Come in; "Hope" is the thing with feathers; The Grass so little has to do; What mystery pervades a well!; A Thought went up my mind today
Frost, Robert: Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening, The Road Not Taken, Neither Out Far Nor In Deep, Desert Places, The Secret Sits

Key Concepts and Problems
What distinguishes the author in terms of (a) themes, (b) views of society, (c) views of human nature, (d) sentence structure, (e) language, and (f) literary techniques? How are these manifested in the writer's literature? How does knowledge of these features help us understand unfamiliar works by this writer?

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CODE SWITCHING

Handy Links:
Wikipedia entry on Code-Switching
"Your Average Nigga" by Vershawn Ashanti Young
Five Reasons Why People Code Switch
How Code-Switching Explains the World
Code-Switching
“Code Switching” in Sociocultural Linguistics by Chad Nilep
The Limitations of Code Switching in Chicano/a Literature by Margaret Schmidt
Code-switching in US ethnic literature: multiple perspectives presented through multiple languages by Holly E. Martin
Code-Switching and Language Ideologies: Exploring Identity, Power, and Society in Dialectally Diverse Literature by Michelle D. Devereaux and Rebecca Wheeler
Multilingual Code-Switching in Montreal Hip-hop: Mayhem Meets Method or, “Tout moune qui talk trash kiss mon black ass du nord” by Mela Sarkar, Lise Winer and Kobir Sarkar
Code Switching in Popular Culture
Flipping the Switch: Code-Switching from Text Speak to Standard English by Kristen Hawley Turner

Online Lesson Plans
from Code-Switching: Teaching Standard English in Urban Classrooms by Rebecca S. Wheeler and Rachel Swords
from Code-Switching Lessons: Grammar Strategies for Linguistically Diverse Writers Grades 3-6 by Rebecca S. Wheeler and Rachel Swords
Read-Write-Think: Crossing Boundaries through Bilingual, Spoken Word Poetry by Danielle Berg

Novels
Anan: Mulk Raj: Coolie
de Witt, Helen: The Last Sumarai
Hurston, Zora Neale: Their Eyes Were Watching God
Lee, Harper: To Kill a Mockingbird
Selvon, Samuel : The Lonely Londoners
Smith, Zadie: White Teeth

Short Stories
Bambara, Toni Cade: The Lesson
Chopin, Kate: Storm
Hurston, Zora Neale : Sweat
Tan, Amy: Mother Tongue
Tonouchi, Lee A.: Da Word

Poetry
Jordan, June: A Poem about Intelligence for my Brothers and Sisters

Drama
Hansberry, Lorraine: A Raisin in the Sun

Essays
Anzaldua, Gloria: La Frontera; How to Tame a Wild Tongue
Kingston, Maxine Hong: Girlhood among Ghosts
Lyons, Lauren: The Curious Conundrum of the Code-Switching Tokenized Teacher
R.L.G.: How Black to Be?
Young, Vershawn Ashanti: Should Writers Use They Own English?

Video
Key & Peele: Phone Call; White Sounding Black Guys
Eddie Haskell (Leave it to Beaver)

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CONNOTATION AND IMAGERY

Handy Links:
Connotation, Character, and Color Imagery in The Great Gatsby
What is Poetry?
Figurative Language
Wikipedia entry on Color Symbolism and Psychology
Selecting Images
Powerful Imagery

Online Lesson Plans
Read-Write-Think: Connotation, Character, and Color Imagery in The Great Gatsby
Read-Write-Think: Avalanche, Aztek, or Bravada? A Connotation Mini-Lesson
Read-Write-Think: Color of Silence: Sensory Imagery in Pat Mora’s Poem “Echoes”
Read-Write-Think: Cooking Up Descriptive Language: Designing Restaurant Menus
Read-Write-Think: She Did What? Revising for Connotation

Poetry Connotation
Davis, Frank Marshall: Four Glimpses of Night
Hughes, Ted: Wind
Jarrell, Randall: Bats
Owen, Wilfred: Arms and the Boy
Robinson, Edwin Arlington: Richard Cory
Shapiro, Karl: The Fly, Auto Wreck
Smith, Stevie: Zoo
Wilbur, Richard: Still Citizen Sparrow, A Fire-truck

Poetry Imagery
Browning, Robert: Meeting at Night
Grenelle, Lisa: It Was Cold in the House
Hayden, Robert: Those Winter Sundays
Housman, A. E.: On Moonlit Heath and Lonesome Bank
Keats, John: To Autumn
Rich, Adrienne: Living in Sin
Sarton, May: A Parrot
Sassoon, Siegfried: The Rear Guard
Shelley, Percy Bysshe: Lines: When the Lamp Is Shattered
Thwaites, Michael: The Gull

Key Concepts and Problems
Connotation
Which words in the poem are especially vivid? Why do they have exceptional impact? Are the connotative words consistent? That is, do they work together to convey a sense of harshness, a sense of gentleness, or another particular feeling? How can readers use their imagination to picture more about the poem and its subject from these connotative words? How do the connotative words help the poet convey meaning?

Imagery
Which words in the poem convey an image? Are the images consistent, working together to portray a particular mood or feeling? How can readers use their imagination to picture more about the poem and its subjects from these images? How do the images help the poet convey meaning?

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CRITICAL THINKING

Handy Links:
Wikipedia entry on Critical Thinking
The Critical Thinking Community
CriticalThinking.net
An Introduction to Critical Thinking
What is Critical Thinking?

In the Virtual Library, see the following (Important Note!!: Google's Internet Browser, Google Chrome, has some compatibility issues with the files within the Virtual Library. This is a problem with Google's pdf plug-in, and not the files in the library. Explorer and Safari should work.):
Critical Thinking (2009) by Brian Kraby
Understanding and Analyzing Theme (2009) by Sara Madden

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IRONY

Handy Links:
Wikipedia entry on Irony
Wikipedia entry on Unreliable Narrators
Irony
Irony and Imagination: Romantic Revolutions in Literature, Music, Art, and Thought

Online Lesson Plans
Read-Write-Think: Exploring Irony in the Conclusion of All Quiet on the Western Front
Read-Write-Think: Exploring Satire with Shrek
Read-Write-Think: Exploring Satire with The Simpsons
Learn NC: How Ironic!

Writing by Teenagers
Merlyn's Pen search engine for writing by teens about irony

Note: The approach to studying irony is adapted from the work of Wayne Booth and Michael W. Smith (see in particular Smith, 1991).
CLUE 1 Straightforward Warning in Author's Own Voice
Barry, Dave: God Needs the Money
Breathed, Berke: Bloom County cartoons
Clegg, Johnny: The Revolution Will Eat Its Children
cummings, e. e.: the Cambridge ladies who live in furnished souls
Larson, Gary: The Far Side cartoons
Nemerov, Howard: Santa Claus
Royko, Mike: Silence Is the Best Sport
Simon, Paul: The Dangling Conversation
Twain, Mark: My Watch

CLUE 2 Known Error Proclaimed
Baker, Russell: Addals of Medicid
Barenaked Ladies: Grade 9
Barry, Dave: What Is and Ain't Grammatical; Great Baby! Delicious!
Benchley, Robert: Whoa!; French for Americans
Buchwald, Art: Fresh Air Will Kill You
Perelman, S. J.: Waiting for Santa

CLUE 3 Conflict of Facts Within the Work
Barenaked Ladies: The Old Apartment
Capek, Karel: The Last Judgment
cummings, e. e.: i sing of Olaf, glad and big
Daudet, Alphonse: The Death of the Dauphin
Gardner, Mona: The Dinner Party
Hardy, Thomas: The Man He Killed, Satires of Circumstance
Henry, O.: The Ransom of Red Chief
Kerr, Orpheus C.: The Latest Improvements in Artillery
Lowell, Amy: Fireworks
Madgett, Naomi Long: The Mother
Saki: The Interlopers
Shelley, Percy Bysshe: Ozymandias
Smith, Stevie: The Zoo

CLUE 4 Conflict of Style
Barenaked Ladies: Tonight is the Night I Fell Asleep at the Wheel
Hubbard, Kim: A Letter from the Front
Lehrer, Tom: Fight Fiercely, Harvard
Locke, David Ross: Nasby Shows Why He Should Not Be Drafted
Marquis, Don: warty bliggins, the toad
Mull, Martin: Straight Talk About the Blues/Ukulele Blues
Parker, Dorothy: From the Diary of a New York Lady
Twain, Mark: Unspoken War Prayer

CLUE 5 Clash of Beliefs
Barenaked Ladies: Who Needs Sleep?
Barry, Dave: God Needs the Money
Buchwald, Art: Is Your City Worth Saving?
Clough, Arthur Hugh: The Latest Decalogue
Franklin, Ben: The Sale of the Hessians
Newman, Randy: Short People, Political Science
Olson, Elder: Plot Improbable, Character Unsympathetic
Paxton, Tom: What Did You Learn in School Today?
Royko, Mike: A Great Fish, the Bullhead
Springsteen, Bruce: Nebraska
Swift, Jonathan: A Modest Proposal

Overall Review of Irony
Barenaked Ladies: Alcohol
Blume, Judy: Tales of a Fourth Grade Nothing
Heller, Joseph: Catch 22
Kubrick, Stanley: Dr. Strangelove
The Onion
Rice, Anne: Interview with the Vampire
Shepherd, Jean: In God We Trust, All Others Pay Cash
Swift, Jonathan: Gulliver's Travels
Twain, Mark: Huckleberry Finn
Vonnegut, Kurt, Jr.: Slaughterhouse Five
Wells, H. G.: The War of the Worlds
Wibberley, Leonard: The Mouse That Roared
Zindel, Paul: The Effect of Gamma Rays on Man in the Moon Marigolds

Images of Irony

Key Concepts and Problems
There are five clues for recognizing irony [identified by Wayne Booth, and listed above]. Does this work include one or more of these clues? If so, when we reject the surface meaning of the piece, what is the author really saying?

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PERSUASION

In the Virtual Library, see the following (Important Note!!: Google's Internet Browser, Google Chrome, has some compatibility issues with the files within the Virtual Library. This is a problem with Google's pdf plug-in, and not the files in the library. Explorer and Safari should work.):
Developing a Speaker's Voice, Stating Opinions and Making Argumentative Points through Persuasive Writing (2011) by Linda Dale Carter

Online Lesson Plans
Read-Write-Think: Authentic Persuasive Writing to Promote Summer Reading
Read-Write-Think: Communicating on Local Issues: Exploring Audience in Persuasive Letter Writing
Read-Write-Think: Copyright Infringement or Not? The Debate over Downloading Music
Read-Write-Think: Exploring Audience and Purpose with a Single Issue
Read-Write-Think: Exploring the Power of Martin Luther King, Jr.’s Words through Diamante Poetry
Read-Write-Think: Finding Common Ground: Using Logical, Audience-Specific Arguments
Read-Write-Think: Giving Voice to Students Through “This I Believe” Podcasts
Read-Write-Think: In Literature, Interpretation is the Thing
Read-Write-Think: Persuading an Audience: Writing Effective Letters to the Editor
Read-Write-Think: Persuading Readers with Endorsement Letters
Read-Write-Think: Exploring Free Speech and Persuasion with Nothing But The Truth
Read-Write-Think: Persuasive Essay: Environmental Issues
Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute: The Persuasive Voice: Communication as a Resolution to the Cold War
Learn NC: How do I look to you?
Learn NC: Uncovering Assumptions through Critical Writing
Learn NC: Hidden Persuaders
Learn NC: Join Up
Learn NC: Jonathan Edwards and the art of persuasion

Poetry
Hopkins, Gerard Manley: Pied Beauty
Marvell, Andrew: To His Coy Mistress
Shakespeare, William: Sonnets
Yeats, William Butler: The Second Coming

Short Stories
Babel, Iaac: Gedali, The Story of My Dovecote
Gogol, Nikolai: The Overcoat
Hemingway, Ernest: The Short Happy Life of Francis Macomber
Joyce, James: The Dead
Lawrence, D. H.: The Prussian Officer
Roth, Philip: The Conversion of the Jews
Tolstoy, Leo: Where Love Is, God Is
Updike, John: Pigeon Feathers

Novels
Camus, Albert: The Stranger
James, Henry: Daisy Miller, What Maisie Knew
Joyce, James: A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man
Swift, Jonathan: Gulliver's Travels

Nonfiction (Essay)
Swift, Jonathan: A Modest Proposal

Images of Persuasion

Key Concepts and Problems
What philosophical ideas and attitudes toward life does the author seem to hold? What does the author seem to value most dearly? How does the author present his or her personal values, attitudes, and philosophical ideas in the work? What does the writer do to persuade the reader to agree with these ideas and attitudes? Is the writer rhetorically persuasive? Why or why not? What is the range of rhetorical techniques -overt and covert--that a writer may use to persuade a reader that his or her personal values, attitudes, or philosophical ideas are right or worthy of serious consideration?

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POINT OF VIEW

Handy links:
Wikipedia entry on Point of View (Literature)
Exploring Point of View
A Point of View

In the Virtual Library, see the following (Important Note!!: Google's Internet Browser, Google Chrome, has some compatibility issues with the files within the Virtual Library. This is a problem with Google's pdf plug-in, and not the files in the library. Explorer and Safari should work.):
Perception versus Reality: And the greatness of Gatsby (2009) by Sunny Vidrine
Narrator Bias with Swift and Chaucer (2010) by Megan Blakely & Lane Trompeter

Poetry
Browning, Robert: Porphyria's Lover, My Last Duchess
The Dream of the Rood
Swinburne, A. C.: The Leper

Short Stories
Greenburg, Dan: Catch Her in the Oatmeal
Helprin, Mark: Letters from the Samantha
James, Henry: A Bundle of Letters
Malamud, Bernard: The Prison
Parker, Dorothy: But the One on the Right
Petrakis, Harry Mark: The Journal of a Wife Beater
Poe, Edgar Allan: The Fall of the House of Usher
Updike, John: A & P

Novels
Anderson, M. T.: The Astonishing Life of Octavian Nothing, Traitor to the Nation, Vol. 1: The Pox Party; The Astonishing Life of Octavian Nothing, Traitor to the Nation, Volume II: The Kingdom on the Waves
Dorris, Michael: A Yellow Raft in Blue Water
Erdrich, Louise: The Beet Queen
Faulkner, William: As I Lay Dying
Gardner, John: Grendel
Oz, Amos: Black Box
Twain, Mark: Huckleberry Finn

Images of Point of View

Key Concepts and Problems
How old is the narrator? How does this affect his or her reliability? How smart is the narrator? How does this affect his or her reliability? What is the narrator's socio economic status? How does this affect his or her reliability? What are the narrator's values and beliefs? How does this affect his or her reliability? What is the narrator's purpose in telling the story? How is the narrator's knowledge about the other characters limited? Is there testimony or action that conflicts with the narrator's version of events and people? If there is more than one narrator, which one is most reliable? Why? Is there significant distance (emotional, intellectual, psychological, moral) between the reader and the narrator? Explain. How does the reliability of the narrator affect our understanding of a story? How does the narrator's involvement influence the impact of the story?

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PREDICTION

Online Lesson Plans
Read-Write-Think: Exploring Disability Using Multimedia and the B-D-A Reading Strategy
Read-Write-Think: Focus on First Lines: Increasing Comprehension through Prediction Strategies
Read-Write-Think: Happily Ever After? Exploring Character, Conflict, and Plot in Dramatic Tragedy
Read-Write-Think: Using Student-Centered Comprehension Strategies with Elie Wiesel’s Night
Read-Write-Think: Many Years Later: Responding to Gwendolyn Brooks’ “We Real Cool”
Read-Write-Think: Name That Chapter! Discussing Summary and Interpretation Using Chapter Titles
Read-Write-Think: Using Student-Centered Comprehension Strategies with Elie Wiesel’s Night

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PROPAGANDA

Handy Links:
Empowering Adolescents to be Smart Consumers of Information: Advertisements and News
Media Messages, Tactics, and Their Effect on Youth
Wikipedia entry on Propaganda

In the Virtual Library, see the following (Important Note!!: Google's Internet Browser, Google Chrome, has some compatibility issues with the files within the Virtual Library. This is a problem with Google's pdf plug-in, and not the files in the library. Explorer and Safari should work.):
Prose, Politics, Persuasion, and Propaganda: A Look at Society Through Literature (FSU) by Jacob E. Asbell

Online Lesson Plans
Read-Write-Think: Argument, Persuasion, or Propaganda? Analyzing World War II Posters
Read-Write-Think: Propaganda Techniques in Literature and Online Political Ads

Novels
DeVries, Peter: Witch's Milk
Lessing, Doris: Documents Relating to the Sentimental Agents in the Volyen Empire
Orwell, George: 1984, Animal Farm

Nonfiction
Gold, Philip: Advertising, Politics, and the American Culture
Jowett, Garth S., and Victoria O'Donnell: Propaganda and Persuasion
Hawthorn, Jeremy (ed.): Propaganda, Persuasion, and Polemic
Orwell, George: Writers and the Leviathan
Rank, Hugh: Analyzing Persuasion: 10 Teaching Aids

Films
The Manchurian Candidate
Triumph of the Will

Images of Propaganda

Key Concepts and Problems
What are the characteristics of propaganda? How can we recognize it? What distinguishes propaganda from other forms of persuasion?

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READING MEDIA

Handy Links:
David Crystal - Texts and Tweets: myths and realities
Text poetry competition

In the Virtual Library, see the following (Important Note!!: Google's Internet Browser, Google Chrome, has some compatibility issues with the files within the Virtual Library. This is a problem with Google's pdf plug-in, and not the files in the library. Explorer and Safari should work.):
Looking at Our Past and Our Present through Our Future: Expanding and Interpreting Text (2007) by Carrie Greynolds

Online Lesson Plans
Read-Write-Think: Exploring Consumerism Where Ads and Art Intersect
Read-Write-Think: Identifying and Understanding the Fallacies Used in Advertising
Read-Write-Think: Critical Media Literacy: Commercial Advertising
Read-Write-Think: Critical Media Literacy: TV Programs
IDEAS and Ryan Anderson: Ad Dissection 101: Exposing Media Manipulation

Tattoo Databases
Tattoo Images

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SOCIAL MEDIA

The Facebook Book by Atwan & Lushing
Signs of Life in the USA: Readings on Popular Culture for Writers by Maasik & Solomon
All Talk
A Tweet and a Poke

Documentary Film
Catfish

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LITERARY PERIODS

BRITISH AESTHETICISM AND DECADENCE

Handy Links:
Decadents and Aesthetes
Aesthetes and Decadents of the 1890s -- Points of Departure
Decadence, Aestheticism, and The Rise of Modernism
Fashion History of The Aesthetic Dress Movement
Decadence

Baudelaire, Charles. Les fleurs du mal
Beardsley, The Story of Venus and Tannhäuser (1896)
Beerbohm, Max. "A Defence of Cosmetics."
Beerbohm, Max. The Illustrated Zuleika Dobson. 1911 ed. New Haven, CT: Yale UP, 2002
Benjamin, Charles Baudelaire: A Lyric Poet in the Era of High Capitalism
Douglas, Lord Alfred. "Two Loves"
Doyle, Arthur Conan. The Sign of the Four
Du Maurier, George. Trilby
Eliza Lynn Linton, The Rebel of the Family
Gautier, Mademoiselle de Maupin (1835)
Gilbert, William, and Arthur Sullivan. Patience
Huysmans, J.-K. Against Nature
James, "The Author of Beltraffio"
James, Henry. "The Turn of the Screw"
James, The Tragic Muse
Johnson, Lionel. "A Decadent's Lyric"
Lang, Andrew. "Realism and Romance"
Lee, Vernon (Violet Paget). Vanitas: Polite Stories
Mann, Thomas. "Tonio Kröger"
Pater, Walter. The Renaissance
Pinero, Arthur W. The Second Mrs. Tanqueray
Punch caricatures
Rimbaud, Arthur. Une saison en enfer
Stutfield, Hugh. "Tommyrotics"
Symons, Arthur. "The Decadent Movement in Literature"
Walter Besant, Eliza Lynn Linton, Thomas Hardy, "Candour in English Fiction"
Wilde, Oscar. "Pen, Pencil and Poison"
Wilde, Oscar. "The Critic as Artist"
Wilde, Oscar. "The Canterville Ghost", "Lord Arthur Saville's Crime"
Wilde, Oscar. The picture of Dorian Gray
Wilde, Oscar. Salome
Wilde, Oscar. The Importance of Being Earnest

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BRITISH AGE OF SENSIBILITY (OR AGE OF [SAMUEL] JOHNSON) (1740-1780)

Handy Links:
The Age of Johnson Edited by A. W. Ward & A. R. Waller
The Age of Elizabeth in the Age of Johnson By Jack Lynch
The Age of Johnson (1740-1780)
Brief Biography: The Samuel Johnson Sound Bite Page

Blake, William
Boswell, James
Burke, Edmond
Burney, Frances
Burns, Robert
Cowley, Hannah
Cowper, William
Crabbe, George
Edgeworth, Maria
Garrick, David
Gibbon, Edward
Goldsmith, Oliver
Gray, Thomas
Hume, David
Johnson, Samuel
Piozzi, Hesther Lynch
Reynolds, Joshua
Sheridan, Richard Brinsley
Thomson, James
Walpole, Horace
Wollstonecraft, Mary

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BRITISH AUGUSTAN AGE (OR AGE OF [ALEXANDER] POPE) (1700-1745)

Handy Links:
The Augustan Age
Wikipedia entry on Augustan Poetry
Wikipedia entry on Augustan Literature

Defoe, Daniel
Pope, Alexander
Richardson, Samuel
Swift, Jonathan

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BRITISH CAROLINE AGE (1625-1649)

Handy Links:
Wikipedia entry on the Caroline Age

Browne, Sir Thomas
Burton, Robert
Carew, Thomas
Herbert, George
Herrick, Robert
Lovelace, Richard
Milton, John (early works)
Suckling, Sir John

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BRITISH COMMONWEALTH PERIOD (OR PURITAN INTERREGNUM) (1649-1660)

Wikipedia entry on the English Interregnum

Browne, Sir Thomas
Hobbes, Thomas
Marvell, Andrew
Milton, John

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BRITISH EDWARDIAN PERIOD (1901-1914)

Handy Links:
Wikipedia entry on the Edwardian Period
The Mood of Edwardian Society
Fashion in the Edwardian Era
Conrad, Joseph
Forster, E. M.
James, Henry
Kipling, Rudyard
Shaw, George Bernard
Wells, H. G.
Yeats, William Butler

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BRITISH ELIZABETHAN AGE

Handy Links:
Art, Literature, and Music of the Elizabethan Era
The Tudors and the Elizabethan Age
Wikipedia entry on the Elizabethan Era
Elizabethan Age
The Elizabethan Age of English Literature
Johnson, Ben
Marlowe, Christopher
Milton, John
Shakespeare, William
Spenser, Edmund

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BRITISH MIDDLE ENGLISH PERIOD (1350-1485)

Handy Links:
MSN Encarta entry on Middle English Literature
Wikipedia entry on Middle English
Middle English and Early Renaissance Periods: Historical and Cultural Outline
The Middle English Grammar Project
The Norton Anthology of English Literature: The Middle Ages
Anthology of Middle English Literature (1350-1485)
DMOZ Renaissance

Anonymous/"The Pearl Poet": Sir Gawain and the Green Knight, Pearl, Patience, Cleanness
Chaucer, Geoffrey
Langland, William
Mallory, Sir Thomas
Rolle, Richard
Wycliffe, John

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BRITISH MODERN PERIOD (1914-present)

Handy Links:
The Modern British Literature Index
Modern British Literature: Writers and Works of Primary Importance
Literary Resources — Twentieth-Century British, Irish, and Commonwealth
20th Century Literature Links

Beckett, Samuel
Coward, Noël
Eliot, T. S.
Heaney, Seamus
James, Henry
James, William
Joyce, James
Lawrence, D. H.
Thomas, Dylan
Woolf, Virginia
Yeats, William Butler

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BRITISH NEOCLASSICAL PERIOD (1660-1785)

Handy Links:
Eighteenth Century British Neoclassical Period: 1700 – 1798
Introductory Lecture on the Neoclassical Period in English Literature
Encyclopedia Britannica entry on Neoclassicism (arts)

Addison, Joseph
Pope, Alexander
Steele, Sir Richard
Swift, Jonathan

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BRITISH OLD ENGLISH (OR ANGLO-SAXON) PERIOD (early 400s-1066)

Handy Links:
Wikipedia entry on the Anglo-Saxons
Wikipedia entry on Anglo-Saxon Literature
Britannia History: Anglo-Saxon Period
Anglo-Saxon Period
Anglo-Saxons.net: Literature
The Anglo-Saxon Home Page
Medieval and Anglo-Saxon Links
DMOZ Medieval

In the Virtual Library, see the following (Important Note!!: Google's Internet Browser, Google Chrome, has some compatibility issues with the files within the Virtual Library. This is a problem with Google's pdf plug-in, and not the files in the library. Explorer and Safari should work.):
Beowulf (2009) by Geoffrey Adams

Online Lesson Plans
Read-Write-Think: Analyzing and Comparing Medieval and Modern Ballads

Alfred and the Old English Prose of his Reign
The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle
Bede
Beowulf
Caedmon
Cynewulf

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BRITISH RENAISSANCE (1485-1660)

Handy Links:
16th Century Renaissance English Literature
17th Century and Renaissance Links
Voices of the Shuttle: Renaissance and 17th Century
English Renaissance Drama
Religious Writers of the English Renaissance (1485-1660)
16th Century Renaissance English Literature (1485-1603)
English Literature: Early 17th Century (1603-1660)

Online Lesson Plans
Read-Write-Think: Analyzing Symbolism, Plot, and Theme in Death and the Miser

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BRITISH RESTORATION (1660-1700)

Handy Links:
18th Century and Restoration Links
Wikipedia entry on Restoration Literature
Restoration and Eighteenth Century English Literature Index
Voice of the Shuttle: Restoration and 18th Century
The Norton Anthology of English Literature: The Restoration and the 18th Century
English Literature: Restoration and 18th Century (1660-1785)

Dryden, John
Locke, John
Milton, John
Wilmot, John

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BRITISH ROMANTIC PERIOD (late 1700s-1832)

Handy Links:
19th Century Romantic and Victorian Links
SAC LitWeb: The Romantic Movement in British Literature
Literary Resources: Romantic
Voice of the Shuttle: Romantics

In the Virtual Library, see the following (Important Note!!: Google's Internet Browser, Google Chrome, has some compatibility issues with the files within the Virtual Library. This is a problem with Google's pdf plug-in, and not the files in the library. Explorer and Safari should work.):
Mary Shelley's Frankenstein and the Responsibility of the Creator to his Creation (2001) by Sarah Mann

Austen, Jane
Chatterton, Thomas
Coleridge, Samuel Taylor
Gordon, George (Lord Byron)
Keats, John
Radcliffe, Ann
Shelly, Mary
Shelly, Percy Bysshe
Wordsworth, William

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BRITISH VICTORIAN PERIOD

Handy links:
Wikipedia entry on the Victorian Era
Victorian Literature Overview
Literature of the Victorian Period
Victorian Literature--Directory of Online Resources
The Victorian Literature Website
19th Century Romantic and Victorian Links
Victorian Websites
The Norton Anthology of English Literature: The Victorian Age
DMOZ Victorian
An Online Dating Guide to Courting in the Victorian Era
Understanding English and Italian Sonnet Forms

Online Lesson Plans
Read-Write-Think: Beyond the Story: A Dickens of a Party

Poetry
Arnold, Matthew: Dover Beach
Bronte, Emily: The Night Wind
Browning, Elizabeth Barrett: Sonnets from the Portuguese
Browning, Robert: My Last Duchess
Rossetti, Christina: By the Sea
Rossetti, Dante Gabriel: The Blessed Damozel
Meredith, George: Modern Love
Morris, William: The Earthly Paradise
Swinburne, Algernon Charles: Atalanta in Calydon
Tennyson, Alfred: Ulysses

Short Stories
Eliot, George: The Lifted Veil

Novels
Bronte, Charlotte: Jane Eyre
Bronte, Emily: Wuthering Heights
Dickens, Charles: Oliver Twist, Hard Times
Eliot, George: Middlemarch
Meredith, George: The Egoist

Nonfiction (Essays)
Carlyle, Thomas: The French Revolution
Huxley, Thomas Henry: A Liberal Education
Mill, John Stuart: What Is Poetry?
Newman, John Henry Cardinal: The Idea of a University
Pater, Walter: The Renaissance

Images of the Victorians

Key Concepts and Problems
What literary precedents led to the Victorian Age? What historical events separated the Victorians from the Romantics? What distinguishes the Victorians from other British writers in terms of (a) style and (b) themes?

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CLASSIC GREEK PERIOD (800-200 BCE)

Aesop
Aristotle
Euripides
Plato
Socrates
Sophocles

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CLASSIC HOMERIC or HEROIC PERIOD (1200-800 BCE)

Online Lesson Plans
Weaving the Old into the New: Pairing The Odyssey with Contemporary Works

The Iliad
The Odyssey

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CLASSIC PATRISTIC PERIOD (c. 70 CE-455 CE)

Saint Ambrose
Saint Augustine
Saint Cyprian
Saint Jerome
Tertullian

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CLASSIC ROMAN PERIOD (200 BCE-455 CE)

Cicero
Horace
Lucretius
Marcus Aurelius
Ovid
Quintilian
Virgil

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U.S. BEAT WRITERS (1950s)

Handy Links:
Bibliography: The Beat Generation
Gordon Ball's Beat Generation Home Page
The Beat Generation and the Sixties: a guide to web resources
Beat Generation Authors
DMOZ Beat Writers

Burroughs, William
Ginsberg, Allen
Kerouac, Jack

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U.S. COLONIAL PERIOD (1600-1776)

Handy Links:
Colonial America 1600-1775 K-12 Resources
Outline of American Literature: Early American and Colonial Period to 1776
Free Books: U.S. Colonial Period
The Cambridge History of English and American Literature: Colonial and Revolutionary Literature
Early American and Colonial Period to 1776
The American Spirit in Literature: The Pioneers
The American Spirit in Literature: The First Colonial Literature

Bradstreet, Anne
Mather, Cotton
Winthrop, John

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U.S. CONTEMPORARY PERIOD (1939-present)

Handy Links:
Contemporary Period: 1945 to the Present
Contemporary American Literature

Angelou, Maya
Brautigan, Richard
Brooks, Gwendolyn
Ellison, Ralph
Hurston, Zora Neal
Madhubuti, Haki
Morrison, Toni
Miller, Arthur
Plath, Sylvia
Updike, John
Vonnegut, Kurt
Walker, Alice
Welty, Eudora
Williams, Tennessee

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U.S. COUNTERCULTURE

Handy Links:
Wikipedia entry on Counterculture
Counterculture
Counterculture and Literature
The Psychedelic 60s: Literary Tradition and Social Change

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U.S. EARLY NATIONAL PERIOD

Handy Links:
The Cambridge History of English and American Literature: Early National Literature Part I
The Internet Public Library Online Literary Criticism Collection: American: 1783-1865
San Antonio College LitWeb American Literature I Index From Earliest Times To 1865
The American Spirit in Literature: The Knickerbocker Group
The American Spirit in Literature: Poe and Whitman

Cooper, James Fenimore
Irving, Washington
Poe, Edgar Allan

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U.S. HARLEM RENAISSANCE

Handy Links:
Wikipedia entry on the Harlem Renaissance
MSN Encarta entry on the Harlem Renaissance
Father Ryan entry on the Harlem Renaissance
42Explore Pages on the Harlem Renaissance
Library of Congress Guide to Harlem Renaissance Materials
DMOZ Harlem Renaissance

In the Virtual Library, see the following (Important Note!!: Google's Internet Browser, Google Chrome, has some compatibility issues with the files within the Virtual Library. This is a problem with Google's pdf plug-in, and not the files in the library. Explorer and Safari should work.):
Bridging the Harlem Renaissance to the Hip Hop Movement (2003) by Kristy Mulkey & Kasha Wharton
Working Against Mainstream Culture: The Voices of Two Female African American Authors from The Harlem Renaissance to the Present (2005) by Sarah Segrest
Their Eyes were watching Harlem (FSU 2011) by Kaitlin Donahue

Online Lesson Plans
Read-Write-Think: A Harlem Renaissance Retrospective: Connecting Art, Music, Dance, and Poetry
Learn NC: A renaissance of jazz and poetry

Images of the Harlem Renaissance

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U.S. JAZZ AGE

Handy Links:
Wikipedia entry on the Jazz Age
Jazz Age Culture
Jazz Age Writers
The Jazz Age

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U.S. LOST GENERATION

Handy Links:
Wikipedia entry on the Lost Generation
Britannica Encyclopedia Online entry on the Lost Generation

In the Virtual Library, see the following (Important Note!!: Google's Internet Browser, Google Chrome, has some compatibility issues with the files within the Virtual Library. This is a problem with Google's pdf plug-in, and not the files in the library. Explorer and Safari should work.):
A Generation Lost? Exploring the 1920’s through the Eyes of The Lost Generation (FSU) by Marah Dolan

Eliot, T. S.
Hemingway, Ernest
Pound, Ezra
Stein, Gertrude

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U.S. MODERNIST PERIOD (1914-1939)

Handy Links:
Modern Period: 1910-1945
Bauhaus Period and Modern Deco
The Essentials of Literature in English Post-1914
Modernism and Experimentation: 1914-1945
DMOZ World War I

In the Virtual Library, see the following (Important Note!!: Google's Internet Browser, Google Chrome, has some compatibility issues with the files within the Virtual Library. This is a problem with Google's pdf plug-in, and not the files in the library. Explorer and Safari should work.):
Modernism Unit: Fitzgerald, Hemingway, and Eliot (2009) by Anne Krache

Cather, Willa
cummings, e. e.
Frost, Robert
Lewis, Sinclair
Millay, Edna St. Vincent
Wharton, Edith
Williams, William Carlos

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U.S. REVOLUTIONARY AGE (1765-1790)

Handy Links:
The Cambridge History of English and American Literature: Colonial and Revolutionary Literature
Democratic Origins and Revolutionary Writers, 1776-1820
Age of Revolution: The Founding Fathers and Slavery
The American Spirit in Literature: The Revolution

Franklin, Benjamin
Hamilton, Alexander
Henry, Patrick
Jay, John
Jefferson, Thomas
Madison, James
Paine, Thomas

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MOVEMENTS

AMATORY FICTION

Handy Links:
Wikipedia entry on Amatory Fiction
Seductive Forms: Women's Amatory Fiction from 1684 to 1740 By Ros Ballaster
From Passion to Suffering: Richardson and the Transformation of Amatory Fiction
Sex, Lies, and Invisibility: Amatory Fiction from the Restoration to Mid-Century

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THE AUGUSTANS

Handy Links:
Wikipedia entry on Augustan Literature
A brief guide to the Augustans
Sensibility in Transformation: Creative Resistance to Sentiment from the Augustans to the Romantics
Augustans Genealogy and Family Resources

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BLACK ARTS MOVEMENT

Handy Links:
Wikipedia Entry on the Black Arts Movement
African American Literature Book Club: Black Arts Movement
Historical Overviews of the Black Arts Movement
Perceptions of Black
The Black Arts Movement: Literary Nationalism in the 1960s and 1970s

Images of the Black Arts Movement

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BLACK MOUNTAIN POETS

Handy Links:
Wikipedia entry on the Black Mountain Poets
The Black Mountain Poets
A Brief Guide to the Black Mountain School
Rebel Poets of the 1950s
Literary Encyclopedia entry on Black Mountain Poets

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BRITISH BLOOMSBURY GROUP

Handy Links:
DMOZ Bloomsbury Group

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CAVALIER POETS

Handy Links:
Wikipedia entry on the Cavalier Poets
17th Century English Literature: Cavalier Poets
The Cavalier Poets: An Anthology by Thomas Crofts

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CHICAGO RENAISSANCE

Handy Links:
Chicago Literary Renaissance
Chicago Black Renaissance
Review of he Chicago Black Renaissance and Women’s Activism
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CONFESSIONAL POETRY

Handy Links:
Wikipedia entry on Confessional Poets
A Brief Guide to Confessional Poetry
Confessional Poetry and the Artifice of Honesty
Writing Confessional Poetry
Confessional Poetry

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DADA

Handy Links:
Wikipedia entry on Dada
Dada
Dada Online
International Dada Archive
BMOZ Dadaism

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DARK ROMANTICISM

Handy Links:
Wikipedia entry on Dark Romanticism
What is Dark Romanticism?
Dark Romanticism: Byron, Coleridge, Mary Shelley, and the Pursuit of the Supernatural

In the Virtual Library, see the following (Important Note!!: Google's Internet Browser, Google Chrome, has some compatibility issues with the files within the Virtual Library. This is a problem with Google's pdf plug-in, and not the files in the library. Explorer and Safari should work.):
Mary Shelley's Frankenstein and the Responsibility of the Creator to his Creation (2001) by Sarah Mann

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THE ENLIGHTENMENT

Handy Links:
DMOZ Enlightenment

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EXISTENTIALISM

Handy Links:
W.E.B. DuBois Learning Center
Wikipedia entry on Jean Paul Sartre
The Existential Primer
Wikipedia Entry on Existentialism
Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy Entry on Existentialism
Existentialism
DMOZ Existentialism

Existentialist Music Lyrics in Popular Songs

In the Virtual Library, see the following (Important Note!!: Google's Internet Browser, Google Chrome, has some compatibility issues with the files within the Virtual Library. This is a problem with Google's pdf plug-in, and not the files in the library. Explorer and Safari should work.):

What is The Meaning of All This? A Unit on Existential Thought in Literature by Kevin Craig

Images of Existentialism

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IMAGISM

Handy Links:
Wikipedia entry on Imagism
A Brief Guide to Imagism
Before Imagism: "Genteel" Poetry
Imagism Fanlisting
On Lowell, Pound, and Imagism

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THE LOST GENERATION

Handy Links:
Wikipedia entry on the Lost Generation
The Lost Generation: American Writers of the 1920s
The Lost Generation and After
Peace Corps Writers and the Lost Generation
DMOZ Lost Generation

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MAGICAL REALISM

Handy Links:
Wikipedia entry on Magical Realism
Magical Realism
The way my grandmother used to tell stories: Magical Realism
Magical Realism: Definitions
The Magical Realism Page
Magical Realism on the Web: Links Galore
DMOZ Magical Realism

Online Lesson Plans
Learn NC: Do you "Really" Believe in Magic?

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METAPHYSICAL POETS

Handy Links:
Wikipedia entry on the Metaphysical Poets
17th Century English Literature: Metaphysical Poets
Studying the Metaphysical Poets
A Brief Guide to Metaphysical Poets
Oxford Dictionary of National Biography: Metaphysical Poets

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MINIMALISM

Online Lesson Plans
When Less IS More—Understanding Minimalist Fiction

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MODERNISM

Handy Links:
Wikipedia entry on Modernism
Modernism and Experimentation: 1914-1945
Modernism
Modernism by Christopher L. C. E. Witcombe
Modernism Gallery
DMOZ Modernism

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NATURALISM

Handy Links:
Wikipedia entry on Naturalism (Literature)
Naturalism in American Literature
Naturalism
DMOZ Naturalism

In the Virtual Library, see the following (Important Note!!: Google's Internet Browser, Google Chrome, has some compatibility issues with the files within the Virtual Library. This is a problem with Google's pdf plug-in, and not the files in the library. Explorer and Safari should work.):
American Realism and Naturalism (1999) by Julie Waters

Short Stories
Garland, Handin: selections from Main Travelled Roads

Novels
Bellow, Saul: The Adventures of Augie March
Chopin, Kate: The Awakening
Dos Passos, John: U.S.A. trilogy, The 42nd Parallel, The Big Money
Farrell, James T.: Studs Lonigan Trilogy
Lewis, Sinclair: Main Street
Mailer, Norman: The Naked and the Dead
Norris, Frank: McTeague
Sinclair, Upton: The Jungle
Steinbeck, John: The Grapes of Wrath
Styron, William: Lie Down in Darkness
Wharton, Edith: Ethan Frome
Wright, Richard: Native Son, Black Boy

Images of Naturalism

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NEW YORK SCHOOL

Handy Links:
Wikipedia entry on the New York School

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NIHILISM

Handy Links:
Wikipedia entry on Nihilism
Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy entry on Nihilism
Nihilism Home Page
Center for Nihilist and Nihilism Studies
The Catholic Encyclopedia entry on Nihilism
American Nihilist Underground Society
Nihilist Reading List
Lionel Johnson "Nihilism" Poem set to music animation

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OULIPO (“Ouvroir de littérature potentielle” or “workshop of potential literature”)

Handy Links:
Wikipedia entry on Oulipo
Oulipo
Oulipo_Home
The OuLiPo
DMOZ Oulipo

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POSTCOLONIALISM

Handy Links:
Wikipedia entry on Postcolonialism
Themes in Theories of Colonialism and Postcolonialism
Post-Colonialism
Postcolonial Studies at Emory Web Site
Postcolonial Literature
Contemporary Postcolonial and Postimperial Literature in English

Hybrid & Postcolonial Music

Online Lesson Plans
Learn NC: India's path to independence

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POSTMODERNISM

Handy Links:
Wikipedia entry on Postmodernism
Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy entry on Postmodernism
Post-World War II American Literature and Culture Database: Postmodernism
Approaches to Po-Mo
Your Guide to Postmodernism
Wikipedia entry on Postmodern Music
Postmodernist Music: The Culture of "Cool" Vs. Commodity
Making sense out of postmodern music?

Images of Postmodernism

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PRE-RAPHAELITISM

Handy Links:
Wikipedia entry on the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood
The Pre-Raphaelites
The Victorian Web Pre-Raphaelite Overview
Links to Pre-Raphaelite web-sites
The Pre-Raphaelites photographs exhibition
DMOZ Pre-Raphaelites

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REALISM

Handy links:
Realism in American Literature, 1860-1890
Wikipedia entry on Realism (Arts)
Realism in Literature
The Rise of Realism: 1860-1914
The American Spirit in Literature: Union and Liberty
The American Spirit in Literature: A New Nation
DMOZ Realism

In the Virtual Library, see the following (Important Note!!: Google's Internet Browser, Google Chrome, has some compatibility issues with the files within the Virtual Library. This is a problem with Google's pdf plug-in, and not the files in the library. Explorer and Safari should work.):
American Realism and Naturalism (1999) by Julie Waters
What America Means to Me: A Conceptual Unit on American Realism (2002) by Kristen Demaree
Modernism Unit: Fitzgerald, Hemingway, and Eliot (2009) by Anne Krache

Poetry
Jewett, Sarah Orne: Collected works
Johnson, James Weldon: Various works
Lindsay, Vachel: Various works
Masters, Edgar Lee: Spoon River Anthology
Robinson, Edwin Arlington: Cliff Klingenhagen, Miniver Cheevy
Sandburg, Carl: various works

Short Stories
Anderson, Sherwood: Winesburg, Ohio
Garland, Handin: selections from Main Travelled Roads
Glasgow, Ellen: Various works
Harte, Brett: Various works
Jewett, Sarah Orne: The Country of the Pointed Firs

Novels
Cather, Willa: The Professor's House
Chestnutt, Charles W.: Various works
Howells, William Dean: A Modern Instance
James, Henry: Daisy Miller
Lewis, Sinclair: Main Street
Norris, Frank: McTeague
Sinclair, Upton: The Jungle
Twain, Mark: Various works
Wharton, Edith: Ethan Frome

Autobiography
Washington, Booker T.: Up from Slavery

Nonfiction
Du Bois, W. E. B.: The Souls of Black Folk

Images of Realism

Key Concepts and Problems
What are the characteristics of realism? What historical influences shaped these forms? How are they different from other literary forms? How does the literature exemplify these forms? How is naturalism an extreme extension of realism? What unique types of observations do the forms of realism allow the authors to make?

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ROMANTICISM

Handy Links:
Wikipedia entry on Romanticism
The Romantic Period, 1820-1860: Essayists and Poets
The Romantic Period, 1820-1860: Fiction
The American Spirit in Literature: Romance, Poetry, and History
DMOZ Romanticism
Romanticism on the net
Hudson River School Painters

Online Lesson Plans
Read-Write-Think: An Exploration of Romanticism Through Art and Poetry

Drama
Rado, James, Ragni, Gerome, & MacDermot, Galt: Hair: The American Tribal Love-Rock Musical

 James Rado and Gerome Ragni and music by Galt MacDermot

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SOUTHERN AGRARIANS/NEW CRITICS

Handy Links:
Wikipedia entry on Southern Agrarians
Fugitive Theory: Political Theory, the Southern Agrarians, and America By Christopher M. Duncan
Wikipedia entry on New Criticism
New Criticism

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STREAM OF CONSCIOUSNESS

Handy Links:
Wikipedia entry on Stream of Consciousness Writing
The Stream of Consciousness by William James (1892)
Stream-of-Consciousness
Tag Info: Stream of Consciousness

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SURREALISM

Handy Links:
Wikipedia entry on Surrealism
Surrealism.org
Surrealist.com
Surrealist Authors
DMOZ Surrealism
Surreal Music Videos
Surreal music and audio clips
Surreal Music

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TRANSCENDENTALISM

Handy Links:
Wikipedia entry on Transcendentalism
Transcendentalists
American Transcendentalism
Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy entry on Transcendentalism
The American Spirit in Literature: The Transcendentalists
DMOZ Transcendentalism
Images of Transcendentalism

Online Lesson Plans
Read-Write-Think: Examining Transcendentalism through Popular Culture

Transcendental Music

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REGIONS

A SENSE OF PLACE

Handy Links:
A Sense of Place: Defining and Personalizing the Affective Dimension of History, Culture, and Bioregionalism in American Literature
"I am New Mexican:" A Celebration of NM Culture
A Sense of Place
Language of the Land: Journeys into Literary America

In the Virtual Library, see the following (Important Note!!: Google's Internet Browser, Google Chrome, has some compatibility issues with the files within the Virtual Library. This is a problem with Google's pdf plug-in, and not the files in the library. Explorer and Safari should work.):
Georgia Writers (1998) by David Francis & Mark Dowdy
A Sense of Place (1998) by Elizabeth Williams, Derek Shackelford, Holly Phillips, Kevin Mullally
A Sense of Home (2004) by Jamie Jordan
There’s No Place Like Home: Discovering Our American Home Identity (2009) by Hannah Hodges
Identity in Southern Literature (2010) by Ansley Deese, Julie Kristin, & Amber Higginbotham
Irish Literature and Culture (FSU) by Samuel Berkowitz
Theories of Time and Space”: Finding Identity Through Place (2013) by Tyler Goodson

Online Lesson Plans
Read-Write-Think: Connecting Past and Present: A Local Research Project
Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute: Twentieth Century Latin American Writing
Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute: Reading and Writing the City
Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute: Regions and Regionalism in the United States: Studies in the History andCultures of the South, The Northeast and the American Southwest
Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute: The Autobiographical Mode in Latin American Literature
Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute: American Communities, 1880-1980
Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute: Society and Literature in Latin America
Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute: The "City" in American Literature and Culture
Learn NC: Descriptive Writing Using Landscape Scenes
Learn NC: Interpreting Diaries of the American South
Learn NC: Mountain dialect: Reading between the spoken lines
Learn NC: Understanding the Complexities of Setting
National Endowment for the Humanities: Life on the Great Plains

Writing by Teenagers
Merlyn's Pen search engine for writing by teens about city life/urban life
Merlyn's Pen search engine for writing by teens about farms/rural life
Merlyn's Pen search engine for writing by teens about small towns

Poetry
Crane, Stephen: A Man Said to the Universe
Eliot, T. S.: The Love Song of J Alfred Prufrock
Lanier, Sidney: Song of the Chattahoochee
Whitman, Walt: I Hear America Singing

Short Story
Hemingway, Ernest: A Soldier's Home
Hinojosa-Smith, Rolando: This Writer's Sense of Place
Hogan, Linda: Amen
Smith, Patricia Clark: Flute Song

Novel
Cisneros, Sandra: The House on Mango Street
Farrell, James: Studs Lonigan trilogy
Faulkner, William: The Hamlet, The Town, The Mansion
Hurston, Zora Neale: Their Eyes Were Watching God
Kimmel, Haven: A Girl Named Zippy
McNickle, D'Arcy: Wind from an Enemy Sky
Mitchell, Margaret: Gone with the Wind
Momaday, N. Scott: The Way to Rainy Mountain
Mourning Dove: Cogewea: The Half-Blood
Silko, Leslie Marmon: Ceremony

Autobiography
Blackmarr, Amy: House of Steps: Adventures of a Southerner in Kansas
May, Lee: In My Father's Garden

Nonfiction
Algren, Nelson: Chicago : City on the Make
Irving, Washington: A Tour on the Prairie
Kotlowitz, Alex: There Are No Children Here: The Story of Two Boys Growing Up in the Other America
Mitchell, Joseph: Up in the Old Hotel
Royko, Mike: One More Time : The Best of Mike Royko
Terkel, Studs: Chicago
Walker, Alice: Everyday Use

Song
America the Beautiful
Jackson, Alan: Home, Chattahoochie
Keb Mo: More than One Way Home
Little Feat: Oh Atlanta
Loudermilk, John D: Tobacco Road
Lovett, Lyle: South Texas Girl
The Packway Handle Band: Totz, Kentucky
Pizzarelli, John: I Like Jersey Best
Rogers and Hammerstein: Oklahoma!
The Smashing Pumpkins: Bullet with Butterfly Wings
Joe South: Don't it Make you Want to Go Home
Taylor, James: Copperline, Carolina in my Mind
Weatherly, James: Midnight Train to Georgia
Yoakam, Dwight: Readin', Writin' and Route 23
See http://inquiryunlimited.org/x1/etoc/usa_songsusa.html for many additional songs of places

Film
Boyz in the Hood
The Horse Whisperer

Images of a Sense of Place

Key Concepts and Problems
In what ways does the author use images (including all five senses) to characterize the place? What emotions is the author trying to evoke through the senses? What attitudes is the author trying to create toward the place? How successful is the author in evoking emotions and attitudes for people who know the place, and for people who don't? What is the overall effect of the work in creating a sense of place?

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BRITISH LAKE POETS

Handy Links:
Wikipedia entry on the British Lake Poets
THE LAKES OF THE LAKE POETS: Poets Who Have Visited and Described Them, from Gray to Wordsworth
The Literary Protégées of the Lake Poets By Dennis Low
The Lake District

William Wordsworth

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DIALECTS

Video
Appalachia
Phonology - English in North America I
Phonology - English in North America II
American Tongues Tease
Pidgin: The Voice of Hawaii
Hawaii Pidgin The Voice of Hawaii

Audio
American English Dialict Recordings: The Center for Applied Linguistics Collection

LITERATURE, MUSIC, IMAGES, AND TASTES OF THE U.S. STATES

State, Regional, and Ethnic Foods
State Foods
American Regional Foods and Cooking
American Recipes & History by Region
Cookbook:Cuisine of the United States
Cuisine of the United States

Alabama
Authors of Alabama
Alabama Authors and their Works
Music of Alabama
Alabama Stock Photos and Images
Alabama Arts
Images of Alabama
Alaska
Alaskan Authors
Authors and Writers in Alaska
Alaska Musicians
Alaska Stock Photos and Images
Alaskan Art by Alaskan Artists
Images of Alaska
Arizona
Authors and Writers in Arizona
Arizona Authors Association
Music of Arizona
Arizona Stock Photos and Images
Arizona Art Guide
Images of Arizona
Arkansas
Arkansas Writers
Writers in Arkansas
Arkansas Musicians
Arkansas Stock Photos and Images
Art Amiss (Fayettville Artists' Collective)
Images of Arkansas
California
California Writers
California Authors
California Musicians
California Stock Photos and Images
California Artists
Images of California
Colorado
Colorado Writers for Colorado Classrooms
Colorado Authors' League
Colorado Musicians
Colorado Stock Photos and Images
Colorado Artists
Images of Colorado
Connecticut
Authors and Writers in Connecticut
Connecticut Writer's Corner
Music of Connecticut
Connecticut Stock Photos and Images
Connecticut Artists
Images of Connecticut
Delaware
Authors and Writers in Delaware
Poets.org: Delaware
Music of Delaware
Delaware Stock Photos and Images
Delaware Artists
Images of Delaware
Florida
Forida Writers
Authors and Writers in Florida
Florida Musicians
Florida Stock Photos and Images
Folkvine: Florida's Art and Artists on the Web
Images of Florida
Georgia
Georgia Writers Hall of Fame
Georgia Biography--Authors
In the Virtual Library, see the following (Important Note!!: Google's Internet Browser, Google Chrome, has some compatibility issues with the files within the Virtual Library. This is a problem with Google's pdf plug-in, and not the files in the library. Explorer and Safari should work.):
Georgia Writers (1998) by David Francis & Mark Dowdy
Music of Georgia
Georgia Stock Photos and Images
Art in Georgia since 1960: Overview
Images of Georgia
Hawai'i
Authors and Writers in Hawai'i
Hawai'i Fiction and Local Writers
Music of Hawai'i
Hawai'i Stock Photos and Images
Artists of Hawai'i
Images of Hawai'i
Idaho
Idaho Writers' League
Idaho Writers
Music of Idaho
Idaho Stock Photos and Images
Idaho Artists on the Web
Images of Idaho
Illinois
Illinois Authors
Illinois Authors
Music of Illinois
Illinois Stock Photos and Images
Illinois Landscapes
Images of Illinois
Indiana
Authors and Writers in Indiana
Central Indiana Writers' Association
Music of Indiana
Indiana Stock Photos and Images
Hoosier Artists Instructional Unit
Images of Indiana
Iowa
Iowa: A Literary Landscape
Iowa Writers
Music of Iowa
Iowa Stock Photos and Images
Making Art in Iowa
Images of Iowa
Kansas
Kansas Writers
Contemporary Kansas Writers
Music of Kansas
Kansas Stock Photos and Images
Kansas Geology as Landscape Art: Interpretation of Geology from Artistic Works
Images of Kansas
Kentucky
KYLIT: A Site Devoted to Kentucky Writers
Kentucky Writers
Music of Kentucky
Kentucky Stock Photos and Images
Kentucky Guild of Artists and Craftsmen
Images of Kentucky
Louisiana
Louisiana Writers
A Sampling of Contemporary Louisiana Authors
Music of Louisiana
Lousiana Stock Photos and Images
Ann Warner: A Louisiana Artist
Images of Louisiana
Maine
Writers of Maine
Maine Writers Index
Music of Maine
Maine Stock Photos and Images
Mainely Main: Landscape Paintings from Maine and Beyond
Images of Maine
Maryland
Famous Marylanders: Writers, Authors, Journalists, Novelists, Playrights, Poets
Maryland Writers
Music of Maryland
Maryland Stock Photos and Images
Maryland Art Source
Images of Maryland
Massachusetts
Massachusetts Writers
Authors and Writers in Massachusetts
Music of Massachusetts
Massachusetts Stock Photos and Images
Massachusetts Artists
Images of Massachusetts
Michigan
Authors and Writers in Michigan
Michigan Writers Collection
Music of Michigan
Michigan Stock Photos and Images
Michigan Artists
Images of Michigan
Minnesota
Minnesota Writers
Authors and Writers in Minnesota
Music of Minnesota
Minnesota Stock Photos and Images
Minnesota Art & Artists: A Study in Diversity by Kevan Nitzberg
Images of Minnesota
Mississippi
The Internet Guide to Mississippi Writers
Mississippi Writers
Music of Mississippi
Mississippi Stock Photos and Images
Mississippi Artists
Images of Mississippi
Missouri
Missouri Writers
Missouri Center for the Book
Music of Missouri
Missouri Stock Photos and Images
Missouri Posters
Images of Missouri
Montana
Montana Center for the Book
Montana Writers
Music of Montana
Montana Stock Photos and Images
Montana Posters
Images of Montana
Nebraska
Nebraska Writers
Some Famous Nebraska Authors
Music of Nebraska
Nebraska Stock Photos and Images
Nebraska Posters
Images of Nebraska
Nevada
Nevada Writers Hall of Fame
Nevada Writers
Music of Nevada
Nevada Stock Photos and Images
Nevada Posters
Images of Nevada
New Hampshire
New Hampshire Authors
New Hampshire Writers
Music of New Hampshire
New Hampshire Stock Photos and Images
New Hampshire Posters
Images of New Hampshire
New Jersey
New Jersey Writers
NJPoets.com
Music of New Jersey
New Jersey Stock Photos and Images
New Jersey Posters
Images of New Jersey
New Mexico
New Mexico Writers
New Mexico Writers
Music of New Mexico
New Mexico Stock Photos and Images
New Mexico Posters
Images of New Mexico
New York
New York State Authors
New York Writers
Music of New York City
New York Stock Photos and Images
New York Posters
Images of New York
North Carolina
North Carolina Writers
A Guide to Recent Fiction Set in North Carolina
Music of North Carolina
North Carolina Stock Photos and Images
North Carolina Posters
Images of North Carolina
North Dakota
North Dakota Writers
Northern Great Plains, 1880-1920
Music of North Dakota
North Dakota Stock Photos and Images
North Dakota Posters
Images of North Dakota
Ohio
Ohio Writers
Authors and Writers in Ohio
Music of Ohio
Ohio Stock Photos and Images
Ohio Posters
Images of Ohio
Oklahoma
Oklahoma Writers
Books about Oklahoma from Oklahoma authors and writers
Music of Oklahoma
Oklahoma Stock Photos and Images
Oklahoma Posters
Images of Oklahoma
Oregon
Oregon Writers
Authors and Writers in Oregon
Music of Oregon
Oregon Stock Photos and Images
Oregon Posters
Images of Oregon
Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania Writers
Authors and Writers in Pennsylvania
Music of Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania Stock Photos and Images
Bucks County and Local Landscape Art
Images of Pennsylvania
Rhode Island
Rhode Island Writers
Rhode Island Literary Sources
Music of Rhode Island
Rhode Island Stock Photos and Images
Rhode Island Posters
I
mages of Rhode Island
South Carolina
South Carolina Writers
South Carolina Literary Map
Music of South Carolina
South Carolina Stock Photos and Images
South Carolina Posters
Images of South Carolina
South Dakota
South Dakota Authors on the Map
South Dakota Writers
Music of South Dakota
South Dakota Stock Photos and Images
South Dakota Posters
Images of South Dakota
Tennessee
Tennessee Authors--Past and Present
Writers of Tennessee
Music of Tennessee
Tennessee Stock Photos and Images
Tennessee Posters
Images of Tennessee
Texas
Texas Writers
Texas Women Writers: A Tradition of Their Own By Sylvia Ann Grider, Lou Halsell Rodenberger
Music of Texas
Texas Stock Photos and Images
Texas Posters
Images of Texas
Utah
Utah Writers
Utah State Poet Laureate
Music of Utah
Utah Stock Photos and Images
Utah Posters
Images of Utah
Vermont
Vermont Writers
Famous Vermont Writers
Music of Vermont
Vermont Stock Photos and Images
Vermont Posters
Images of Vermont
Virginia
Virginia Writers
Writers in Virginia
Music of Virginia
Virginia Stock Photos and Images
Virginia Posters
Images of Virginia
Washington State
Washington Authors--Literary Mappa Obscura
Washington State > Seattle Metro > Poets and Authors
Music of Washington [State]
Washington State Stock Photos and Images
Washington State Posters
Images of Washington State
Washington, D.C.
Women Writers of Washington DC
Washington Write-a-Story Day
Music of Washington, D. C.
Washington, D.C. Stock Photos and Images
Washington D.C. Posters
Images of Washington, D.C.
West Virginia
West Virginia Writers
A Century of West Virginia Authors: West Virginia Library Association 1999
Music of West Virginia
West Virginia Stock Photos and Images
West Virginia Posters
Images of West Virginia
Wisconsin
Wisconsin Writers
Council for Wisconsin Writers Links of Interest
Music of Wisconsin
Wisconsin Stock Photos and Images
Wisconsin Posters
Images of Wisconsin
Wyoming
Wyoming Authors Wiki
Wyoming Writers
Music of Wyoming
Wyoming Stock Photos and Images
Wyoming Posters
Images of Wyoming

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SOUTHERN FICTION

Handy Links:
Writing Southern Fiction
Lovers and Beloveds: Sexual Otherness in Southern Fiction, 1936-1961 By Gary Richards
Southern Fiction Prior to 1860: An Attempt at a First-hand Bibliography By James Gibson Johnson
Race Mixing: Southern Fiction Since the Sixties By Suzanne Whitmore Jones

In the Virtual Library, see the following (Important Note!!: Google's Internet Browser, Google Chrome, has some compatibility issues with the files within the Virtual Library. This is a problem with Google's pdf plug-in, and not the files in the library. Explorer and Safari should work.):
Identity in Southern Literature (2010) by Ansley Deese, Julie Kristin, & Amber Higginbotham
Style and the Southern Short Story (2012) by Ellie Adams

Agee, Jonis: South of Resurrection
Allison, Dorothy: Bastard Out of Carolina
Arnoult, Darnell: Sufficient Grace
Bailey, Tom: Cotton Song
Benoit, Brent: All Saints' Day
Biguenet, John: Oyster
Black, Daniel: They Tell Me of a Home
Bradley, John Ed: My Juliet
Brown, John Gregory: Decorations in a Ruined Cemetery
Brown, Larry: Fay
Brown, Larry: A Miracle of Catfish
Burke, James Lee: Half of Paradise
Burke, James Lee: Lay Down My Sword and Shield
Burke, James Lee: To the Bright and Shining Sun
Burke, James Lee: Two for Texas
Caldwell, Erskine: Tobacco Road
Covington, Vicki: Gathering Home
Covington, Vicki: Night Ride Home
Cox, Elizabeth: The Slow Moon
Crossroads: Tales of the Southern Literary Fantastic (edited by F. Brett Cox & Andy Duncan) Curtiss, Huston: Sins of the Seventh Sister
Daugharty, Janice: Whistle
Davis, Rod: Corina's Way
Dewberry, Elizabeth: Sacrament of Lies
Dexter, Pete: Paris Trout
Dickson, Athol: River Rising
Downs, Greg: Spit Baths
DuFresne, John: Deep in the Shade of Paradise
DuFresne, John: Louisiana Power and Light
Dunbar, Wylene: Margaret Cape
Durban, Pam: The Laughing Place
Durban, Pam: So Far Back
Durkee, Lee: Rides of the Midway
Edgerton, Clyde: The Floatplane Notebooks
Edgerton, Clyde: Killer Diller
Edgerton, Clyde: Raney
Edgerton, Clyde: Walking Across Egypt
Elliott, Scott: Coiled in the Heart
Eppes, Cindy: South of Reason
Faulkner, William: Yoknapatawpha County series: Sartoris, The Sound and the Fury, As I Lay Dying, Sanctuary, Light in August, Absalom, Absalom!, The Unvanquished, The Hamlet (Snopes Trilogy #1), Go Down, Moses, Intruder in the Dust, Requiem For a Nun, The Town (Snopes Trilogy #2), The Mansion (Snopes Trilogy #3), The Reivers, Flags in the Dust
Frank, Dorothea Benton: Lowcountry series: Sullivan's Island, Plantation, Isle of Palms, Shem Creek
Gay, William: The Long Home
Gay, William: Provinces of Night
Gearino, G.D.: Blue Hole
George, Anne Carroll: This One and Magic Life
Gibbons, Kaye: A Cure for Dreams
Gibbons, Kaye: Ellen Foster series
Gibbons, Kaye: A Virtuous Woman
Gordon, Caroline: The Women on the Porch
Gwyn, Aaron: Dog on the Cross
Haines, Carolyn: Judas Burning
Haines, Carolyn: Penumbra
Haines, Carolyn: Summer of the Redeemers
Haines, Carolyn: Touched
Hall, Barbara: A Better Place
Hall, Barbara: Close to Home
Hannah, Barry: Yonder Stands Your Orphan
Harris, William C. Jr.: Jesus Island series: Delirium of the Brave, No Enemy But Time
Haynes, Melinda: Chalktown
Haynes, Melinda: Mother of Pearl
Haynes, Melinda: Willem's Field
Hazelgrove, William Elliott: Tobacco Sticks
Hermes, Myrlin A.: Careful What You Wish For
Hill, David: Butterfly Sunday
Hill, David: Sacred Dust
Hill, Mars: The Moaner's Bench
Howard, Ravi: Like Trees, Walking
Hurston, Zora Neale: Jonah's Gourd Vine
Hurston, Zora Neale: Moses, Man of the Mountain
Hurston, Zora Neale: Mules and Men
Hurston, Zora Neale: Their Eyes Were Watching God
Jackson, Joshilyn: Between, Georgia
Jackson, Joshilyn: The Girl Who Stopped Swimming
Jordan, Hillary: Mudbound
Kidd, Sue Monk: The Secret Life of Bees
Kingsbury, Suzanne: The Summer Fletcher Greel Loved Me
Lansens, Lori: Rush Home Road
Lee, Harper: To Kill a Mockingbird
Lemann, Nancy: Malaise
Lott, Bret: A Song I Knew by Heart
Malone, Michael: Red Clay, Blue Cadillac
Manley, Frank: True Hope
Marius, Richard: Bourbon County series: The Coming of Rain, After the War, An Affair of Honor
Maron, Margaret: Last Lessons of Summer
Mayes, Frances: Swan
McCarthy, Cormac: The Orchard Keeper
McCarthy, Susan Carol: True Fires
McCullers, Carson: The Heart is a Lonely Hunter
McFather, Nell: Southern Secrets
Mda, Zakes: Cion
Mitcham, Judson: Sabbath Creek
Morris, Michael: Slow Way Home
Morris, Scott M.: Waiting for April
Morris, Willie: Taps
Naslund, Sena Jeter: Four Spirits
Neilson, Melany: The Persia Cafe
O'Connor, Flannery: Collected Stories
O'Connor, Flannery: Everything That Rises Must Converge
O'Connor, Flannery: A Good Man is Hard to Find and other stories
O'Connor, Flannery: Wise Blood
Odell, Jonathan: The View From Delphi
Parker, Michael: Trent series: Hello Down There, Towns Without Rivers
Patrick, Jennifer: The Night She Died
Payne, David: Back to Wando Passo
Pearson, T.R.: Blue Ridge
Percy, Walker: The Last Gentleman
Piccirilli, Tom: A Choir of Ill Children
Price, Reynolds: Great Circle series: The Surface of Earth, The Source of Light, The Promise of Rest
Pruett, Lynn: Ruby River
Rash, Ron: One Foot in Eden
Rash, Ron: Saints at the River
Reynolds, April: Knee-Deep in Wonder
Reynolds, Sheri: Bitterroot Landing
Reynolds, Sheri: Firefly Cloak
Reynolds, Sheri: The Rapture of Canaan
Rubio, Gwyn Hyman: Icy Sparks
Sanders, Dori: Clover
Sanders, Dori: Her Own Place
Sherman, Dayne: Welcome to the Fallen Paradise
Smith, Deborah: On Bear Mountain
Smith, Deborah: The Stone Flower Garden
Smith, R.T.: Uke Rivers Delivers
Spencer, Elizabeth: The Southern Woman
Tartt, Donna: The Little Friend
Trobaugh, Augusta: Swan Place
Vernon, Olympia: Logic
Warren, Robert Penn: All the King's Men
Watson, Brad: The Heaven of Mercury
Watson, Sterling: Sweet Dream Baby
Welty, Eudora: Losing Battles
Whitney, P.L.: This is Graceanne's Book
Williams, Naomi: Two Rivers
Williams, Tennessee: Collected Stories
Wimberley, Darryl: A Tinker's Damn
Wintner, Robert: In a Sweet Magnolia Time
Woodrell, Daniel: Winter's Bone
Yancey, Richard: A Burning in Homeland
Yarbrough, Steve: Prisoners of War
Zigal, Thomas: The White League

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AUTHORS

AUTHOR LINKS

Handy Links:
Reading, Learning, Teaching Margaret Atwood
Reading, Learning, Teaching N. Scott Momaday
Reading, Learning, Teaching Kurt Vonnegut
Reading, Learning, Teaching Barbara Kingsolver
Reading, Learning, Teaching Ralph Ellison
Alice Walker in the Classroom: "Living by the Word"
Sandra Cisneros in the Classroom: "Do not forget to reach"
Judith Ortiz Cofer in the Classroom: A Woman in Front of the Sun
Nikki Giovanni in the Classroom: "The same ol' danger but a brand new pleasure"
Raymond Carver in the Classroom: "A Small, Good Thing"
Langston Hughes in the Classroom: "Do Nothin' till You Hear from Me"
Amy Tan in the Classroom: "The art of invisible strength"
Tim O'Brien in the Classroom: "This too is true: Stories can save us"
Sherman Alexie in the Classroom: "This is not a silent movie. Our voices will save our lives."
Zora Neale Hurston in the Classroom: "With a Harp and a Sword in My Hands"
Reading Stephen King: Issues of Censorship, Student Choice, and Popular Literature

Online Lesson Plans
Read-Write-Think: A Biography Study: Using Role-Play to Explore Authors' Lives
Read-Write-Think: Discovering a Passion for Poetry With Langston Hughes
Read-Write-Think: Modeling Reading and Analysis Processes with the Works of Edgar Allan Poe
Read-Write-Think: Robert Frost Prompts the Poet in You
Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute: Analyzing Maya Angelou’s Poems as a Window into Her Character
Learn NC: The Life of Twain
Learn NC: Literature Biography Project
Learn NC: Master Artist Internet Research Project: Timeline
Learn NC: The Life and Works of Edgar Allan Poe
Learn NC: Maya Angelou: Study and Response to "Still I Rise"
Learn NC: One, Two, Three...Go POE!
National Endowment for the Humanities: Folklore in Zora Neale Hurston’s Their Eyes Were Watching God
National Endowment for the Humanities: Mark Twain and American Humor

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SHAKESPEARE

Handy Links:
PS's Shakespeare Links
Online Guide to Romeo and Juliet
Conquering the Fear of Shakespeare
Shakespeare on Youtube
Folger Shakespeare Library Online Resources for Teachers

In the Virtual Library, see the following (Important Note!!: Google's Internet Browser, Google Chrome, has some compatibility issues with the files within the Virtual Library. This is a problem with Google's pdf plug-in, and not the files in the library. Explorer and Safari should work.):
Social Issues as Presented in Romeo and Juliet by Christine Trudel
Romeo and Juliet by Lynn Berry, Sarah Donovan, and Meghann Hummel
Hamlet by Jenny Stumpp
Working (with) Hamlet: Relays and Appropriations by Scott Reed
Sleep No More, Macbeth: Power Past and Present (2007) by Rand Stewart
Revenge in Hamlet (2008) by Lauren Waldo
Choice and Consequences with Romeo and Juliet (2008) by Brett Belcher, Aimee Dowd, & Shannon Juhan
Choice and Consequence within Macbeth (2008) by Victor Lane
Hidden Identity: Finding Yourself in Romeo and Juliet (2008) by Stacie Rustin
Adaptations of Romeo and Juliet (2009) by Rachel Winne Lilly
Shakespeare’s Word: Love, Marriage, Blood, and Hands in Romeo and Juliet (2009) by Beth Pitman
Search for Identity: Hamlet (FSU) by Samar Al Slaiby and Brandi Doutherd
Bridging Shakespeare with the Big Lebowski: A Unit Based on Two Gentlemen of Lebowski (FSU) by Adam Bertocci
Perception is Everything: A Midsummer Night’s Dream (FSU) by Miriam Phillips
Conflicting Loyalties in Romeo and Juliet (2011) by Sarah Chattin
Frenemies: Relationships in Othello (FSU 2011) by Gia Maxwell
Macbeth Unit (FSU 2011) by Sean Noga
Shakespeare's A Midsummer Night's Dream: The Difficulties of Friendship and Love: During the Renaissance and Today
Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet: Modernizing the Renaissance: Feuds, Love, and Sorrow in Romeo and Juliet and the 2011 Classroom
#TeenProblems--Romeo & Juliet: How the Lives of Today's Youth are found in Shakespeare (2012) by Sarah Antonuccio
Individuality v. Sense of Community: A 7th Grade English/Language Arts Unit (2013) by Patrick Yawn [The Taming of the Shrew]

Online Lesson Plans
Read-Write-Think: All's Well that Sells Well: A Creative Introduction to Shakespeare
Read-Write-Think: Analyzing Character in Hamlet through Epitaphs
Read-Write-Think: Book Report Alternative: Characters for Hire! Studying Character in Drama
Read-Write-Think: Constructing New Understanding Through Choral Readings of Shakespeare
Read-Write-Think: Renaissance Humanism in Hamlet and The Birth of Venus
Read-Write-Think: Star-Crossed Lovers Online: Romeo and Juliet for a Digital Age
Read-Write-Think: Analyzing Advice as an Introduction to Shakespeare
Read-Write-Think: Introducing Shakespeare: Character Journals and Point of View
Read-Write-Think: Introducing Shakespeare: Exploring Persona and Character Motivations
Read-Write-Think: Introducing Shakespeare: The Bard's English
Read-Write-Think: Analyzing Character in Hamlet through Epitaphs
Read-Write-Think: Discovering Traditional Sonnet Forms
Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute: Cultural Distinctions of the Central Themes in Romeo and Juliet
Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute: The Tragic Genre from Classical to Contemporary: King Lear and A Thousand Acres
Learn NC: Romeo and Juliet: The Balcony Scene (Act 2, Scene 2)
Learn NC: Romeo! Why Do You Have to Be a Doggone Montague?
Learn NC: Sonnet 130-- rude or reality?
Learn NC: The Trial of Hamlet
National Endowment for the Humanities: Hamlet and the Elizabethan Revenge Ethic in Text and Film
National Endowment for the Humanities: Hamlet Meets Chushingura: Traditions of the Revenge Tragedy

Spoken Word
Macbeth rap

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